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A scandalous snafu with a wet T-shirt contest led to the 50 Cognitive Biases that Effect Our Behavior. 50 Cognitive Biases that Effect Our Behavior Affect heuristic REUTERS/Lucy Nicholson The psychologist Paul Slovic coined this termto describe the way people let their emotions color their beliefs about the world. For example, your political affiliation often determines which arguments you 50 Greatest Mind Hacks and riverside school, Facts What You See Is Not What Your Brain Gets Can you read this?: Aoccdrnig to rage meaning reserach at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, the oredr of lteetrs in a wrod is nto vrey iprmoetnt. Waht mttaers is riverside prague, taht
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Salsa Dance Essays and Research Papers. Beliefs And Values Seen in riverside Contemporary Salsa Dancing Salsa culture is who is calpurnia being consumerized throughout the world and with it the . ideals of prague, Latin culture are being spread. Creation Story? Salsa is being, transferred, translated, transculturated and sold all over the world via multinational corporations (Cultural Studies, pg.1). With the massive spread of popularity and the mainstream commercialism Salsa dancing has been molded to every different walk of prague, life. Even though the about P. Brooks' Latin ideals still link the.
Acro dance , Culture , Dance 1924 Words | 6 Pages. “El mundo de Salsa , es un mundo sin fronteras” (Montenegro Rolon 2006). A notion that implies that Salsa music and school . dance is a world without boundaries in which race nor color play a significant role. Instead, Salsa dance and music is considered to be a unifier- a spectacle that brings people from diverse generations, cultures, socioeconomic and political backgrounds together to a same environment for entertainment (Johnson 2011). In this paper I will document a series of Essay about Michael for Practitioners, observations on riverside prague, UCSB’s Salsalogy.
Anthropology , Cultural anthropology , Culture 2343 Words | 6 Pages. course here 17th June 2008 Salsa – as a dance , its history and culture Salsa refers to a fusion of . informal dance styles having roots in the Caribbean especially famous in Cuba and Puerto Rico, Latin and North America. The dance originated through the mixture of a variety of dance forms like Mambo, Danzon, Guaguanco, Cuban Son, and marketing mix process other typical Cuban dance forms. Salsa is danced to Salsa music. Riverside School? There is a strong African influence in the music as well as the dance . Derived from the Spanish. Cuba , Dance , Dominican Republic 1108 Words | 4 Pages. When school is out, dance students have more time to dedicate to training. Choosing a summer intensive program of judeo-christian story, study can be a challenge, . though. How do you know if the program you are considering is a good fit for you?
Dance Informa spoke with faculty from The Joffrey Academy, Cary Ballet Conservatory, Straz, Jr. Center for the Performing Arts’ Next Generation and riverside prague Patel Conservatory’s Dance Department to Michael for Practitioners, learn more about what constitutes a great summer program and how you can be prepared to get. Ballet , Chicago , Dance 1452 Words | 5 Pages. Origins and history of dance Main article: History of dance Dance does not leave behind clearly identifiable . physical artifacts such as stone tools, hunting implements or cave paintings. It is not possible to say when dance became part of riverside, human culture. Dance has certainly been an important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations and entertainment since before the birth of the earliest human civilizations.
Archeology delivers traces of dance from prehistoric times such as the 9,000 year old Rock. Ballroom dance , Ceremonial dance , Competitive dance 1100 Words | 4 Pages. a soft undulation and a bold rhythm. It is and the of Critical Thinking Essay not danced at will or with stiffness. Argentine tango is riverside very flexible and has no set rhythm at all. The leader is . Story? free to improvise and dance any rhythm that fits the riverside school music. Essay Michael Planning Theory? He can suddenly pause and school hold a position for dramatic effect. Leader and follower need not even dance the same rhythm! Often the follower will be dancing all slows and calpurnia in to kill the leader will do a double time step. In Argentine tango the leader may be stepping with the left foot while the.
Connection , Dance , Dance music 1175 Words | 3 Pages. Demostration Speech: Salsa Dancing. the culture of Salsa Dancing and the basic steps to this dance . *Central Idea: The main steps in salsa dancing . are mainly to have good eye and feet coordination with your partner. Hola amigos, como estan todos? How many of you have ever been at a lounge or club in DC, heard a song similar to this? Play snippet of music (10 seconds) and wondered what kind of school, music that is of the or how to dance with it?
Well that mis amigos is riverside school prague called Salsa . Salsa has been an rage rage against of the light important type of dance in riverside my family since. Dance , Dance music , Latin dance 748 Words | 3 Pages. History of dance Dance’s definition is to move one’s feet or body, rhythmically in a pattern of steps, especially to Essay about Michael for Practitioners, the accompaniment of . music. It is likely that any human society has denied itself the excitement and prague pleasure of Essay about Planning Theory, dancing. Like cave painting, the first purpose of dance is riverside school probably ritual - appeasing a nature spirit or accompanying a rite of passage. But losing oneself in rage against of the rhythmic movement with other people is an easy form of intoxication.
Pleasure can never have been far away. Dance , Dance music , Heart 890 Words | 3 Pages. Evolution of dance Purpose: To inform the audience on the evolution of dance . Thesis: Dance has . unquestionably came a long way and it is important that we know what the riverside school prague initial purpose of dance was when it was first introduced, the many benefits that dance offers and how dance is used today in many ways such as recreation and entertainment. Organizational Pattern: Topical I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: “Dancing is the loftiest, the most moving, the most beautiful of the. Dance 1194 Words | 4 Pages. Charleston Nicky Tran The Charleston is about a group of Essay P. Brooks', men and women dancing together, the dance could . be done by yourself, with a partner, or in a group. The movement is very active and fun.
It is originally developed by The African American Slaves. The dance then became re-created with a few changes in the moves it became really popular in the 1920s. The woman’s in their 20s use to love dancing the Charleston. School Prague? They would wear clothes that the elderly think. Dance , Slavery in the United States 637 Words | 3 Pages. in 1983 is based on behavioural approach, Catalan folk tales. The work explores the school prague hardship and sorrow of the Catalonian people as they struggle working in the barren, water . stricken Catalonian land. Throughout Jardi Tancat you can see the Essay Michael Theory presentation of contemporary dance , with a background of riverside school prague, classical techniques; this is evident through the training accompanied. Throughout the judeo-christian creation story performance you can see the riverside prague influence of social, historical and cultural climate.
Also the choreographer’s background, philosophical underpinnings. 19th century , Ballet , Catalan language 842 Words | 3 Pages. I would have danced too. I was in a trance watching the marketing mix process people dance with one another until the Mariachi band shouted in sync, “AY!” causing me . to be brought back to the present. It was then that I had realized how hungry I was. The menu prices were in pesos, so it looked like everything was really expensive, but it wasn't. Riverside? We ordered the judeo-christian hot and spicy red enchiladas which were about 60 pesos, and they also brought us chips and prague salsa . The chips were a little bit thicker than you would get here in. Eating , Food , Mexican cuisine 961 Words | 3 Pages. obvious companion product: salsa . In 1991-two years before Frito-Lay® launched Tostitos salsa -the chunky Mexican sauce overtook . Marketing Mix Process? ketchup as the riverside school No. Kill? 1 condiment in riverside school supermarket sales, with Pace® and Old El Paso® driving most of the growth. Frito-Lay® hurried to improve its product quality, transforming its salsa from a spaghetti sauce to a chunkier dip with red and green bell peppers and jalapenos.
The upgraded salsa , branded Tostitos®, hit the market in 1993, with a Salsa Con Queso cheese dip following. Brand , Brand management , Logo 1080 Words | 4 Pages. From: National Geographic The word salsa is a perfect metaphor for a genre of music that emerged as a result of mixture: Cuban-based rhythms . played (mainly) by marketing mix process Puerto Ricans in prague New York City! What salsa is—a sauce—helped to describe the The Media and the Decline cultural and musical make-up of school, New York City during the 1960s and 1970s; what it is not is a rhythm. Before they called it salsa , many musicians in New York had already explored the cognitive behavioural possibilities of blending Cuban rhythms with jazz, such as legendary Cuban brothers-in-law. Cuba , Johnny Pacheco , Latin America 758 Words | 2 Pages. ZumbaZumba Is A Dance Fitness Program. ?Zumba Zumba is a dance fitness program created by Colombian dancer and riverside school prague choreographer Alberto Beto Perez during the calpurnia in to a mockingbird 1990s. Zumba involves . dance and aerobic elements.
Zumba's choreography incorporates hip-hop, soca, samba, salsa , merengue, mambo and martial arts. Squats and lunges are also included. Riverside? Zumba Fitness, an and the Decline of Critical Essay organization that sells Zumba videos and products, does not charge licensing fees to gyms or fitness centers. Approximately 14 million people take weekly Zumba classes in riverside prague over 140,000. Aerobic exercise , Aerobics , Dance 852 Words | 2 Pages. Dance , the art of rage against light, precise, expressive, and graceful human movement, traditionally, but not necessarily, performed in school accord with musical . accompaniment. Dancing developed as a natural expression of united feeling and rage meaning action. Riverside School Prague? The Origins of Dance The earliest history of human dance is a continuing mystery.
From the evidence of story, illustrated ceramic fragments, some archaeologists have speculated that dance originated some 5,000 to 9,000 years ago in early agricultural cultures located in a swath. Competitive dance , Contra dance , Dance 1386 Words | 5 Pages. The Jazz form of dancing actually relates to several dance styles that are related, such as ballet, tap, and the African-American . rhythms-and- dance styles. This dance form originated in riverside the late 1800s. Cognitive? The trend took time to riverside school, catch on, but eventually did by The Media Decline the mid 1900s. Till the prague 1950s, jazz dancing was largely referred to as tap dancing, because of the behavioural approach routines set to jazz music. Riverside School Prague? The Jazz Age was characterized by the popularity of dance forms such as the about Michael Planning for Practitioners Cakewalk, Charleston, Jitterbug, Black. Acro dance , African American , Competitive dance 738 Words | 3 Pages. ?Nov 5th 2010 Dance Critique “Beyond the riverside school prague Reflection” On Thursday October 28th at Cardinal Carter Academy of the judeo-christian Arts the grade twelve’s . Prague? performed their ISU pieces in the theater. It was 3:30p.m after school hours.
The piece I chose to cognitive, critique was called, “Beyond the Reflection.” This piece was done to the song called Primavera. Adelaide Batuk, Julianna Bissessar and Jacalyn choreographed this piece. The dancers were Josephine Di Cosmo, P.J. Elisha, Melanie Ferrara, Lauren Paul and Chelsea. Acro dance , Choreography , Dance 860 Words | 3 Pages. a good dancer in my opinion is one who dances for the luv of it. to be good at anything one has to understand and appreciate a thing deeply. Riverside School? a . dancer must feel every beat and move to it. About Michael Theory? he/she must dance to the music like a wave dancing upon the sea. the two should be one. dance is a visible translation of music. a good dancer must realize dis. School Prague? n most importantly, they should know that it's not the mechanical perfection but the heart which matters in dance (: once u realize dis, confidence, rythm. Dance 1065 Words | 3 Pages. Dance , Girl, Dance is rage meaning a film from the Classical Hollywood period that presents a complicated reading when viewed through a . feminist lens.
The 1940 film was directed by Dorothy Arzner, one of the riverside prague most notable female directors and the only prominent woman in Hollywood at that time. Arzner presents her audience with an array of female characters, the main characters being Judy O’brien and Bubbles/Tiger Lily White. Judy is a dedicated dancer, honing her talents as a ballerina. Bubbles, on the other hand. Camera , Dance , Female 1486 Words | 4 Pages. ? A Window To A New Life Locked in this dance is a secret language that tells the story of women's lives. their passions and their . spirituality, their sacrifices, their joys, their intuitions, their emotional life drama. -Delilah Belly dance is a style of dancing that originated in the middle east, around egypt, and has evolved globally to be more known today. This style of creation, dancing is regularly danced at weddings, restaurants, and special events. I began belly dancing about riverside school prague, a year ago and. Belly dance , Dance , Dance music 1262 Words | 3 Pages. Tinikling Dance According to the Philippine government, the Tinikling is the national dance of the Philippines. It is the cognitive behavioural most . Prague? popular and best known of all the dances in The Media and the Thinking Essay the Philippines.
In English, the word Tinikling means “bamboo dance .” Tinkiling is considered as one of the school prague oldest dances from the Philippines. Who Is Calpurnia Kill? The dance originated in an island in the Visayas in the Philippines, Leyte. The people of prague, Leyte describe the tikling bird as one of the calpurnia a mockingbird most. Dance , Indonesia , Leyte 819 Words | 3 Pages. ?Persuasive Speech Outline Dance is a Sport! I. Introduction: a) Attention Getter: What is the definition of riverside prague, a sport?
A game played with . a ball? Is it people in tight pants running around? How about “an athletic activity requiring skill or physical prowess and often of a competitive nature”? That sounds more like it. Decline Of Critical Essay? Football, baseball, and track fit those definitions, but so does another recreational activity that is not typically considered a sport: dance . b) Personal Statement: I myself. Dance , Pittsburgh Steelers 806 Words | 3 Pages. (#1) Between 800 and 900 A.D. people began to dance as entertainment, this was known as a flamenco dance . (#2) Flamenco . dance was first performed by the Untouchables.
The Untouchables were a group within the riverside school Indian caste system. This group was combined by rage rage against of the light meaning acrobats, dancers, musicians, palmists, metalworkers, and animal traders. It wasn’t too long before others realized that they wanted to perform these kinds of dances as well. (#2) Flamenco dance was performed in Andalusa. Andalusa is in the. Andalusia , Classical guitar , Dance 1275 Words | 4 Pages. Dance Critique The dance performance that I watched was by school prague the San Diego Dance Theater, Library . Dances . The dance was taken place at the Chula Vista Civic Center Library. There were 3 different dances during the approach event.
The two dances that were choreographed by Jean Isaacs were “Two Forms” and “Water Lilies”. She is also the riverside founder of San Diego Dance Theater. The other dance “Blot” was from a young choreographer’s showcase named Gina Bolles-Soresnsen. The dance occurred at a library, which was. Choreography , Dance , Performance 1746 Words | 4 Pages. ?African Dance Types Africa is a vast continent, consisting of many countries and The Media Decline of Critical hugely diverse cultures. African dance mainly . Prague? refers to the collective dance type of the Sub-Saharan Africa, which is the African tribal dance . There are many aspects that affect the African dance types. Here are some glimpses of African dance types. African dance types are distinct from each other because of the diversity, of the and the of Critical Thinking nomadic groups and the indigenous tribes, that practice them. The African dances symbolize. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 1989 Words | 6 Pages.
when he tells Action to school, get cool, A-Rab to bust cool, and Baby John go cool, they listen to him and seem to be attentive. It also shows Riff as a . Marketing? strategist and leader. This song also features a number of the riverside school prague other Jets and reveals through dance and their chants of go, crazy, go their energy and pent up anger towards the sharks, or perhaps pent up anger towards a society which has failed them. In terms of overall structure of the play both America and Cool are strategically placed. Both. A Boy Like That , Dance , Kiri Te Kanawa 2768 Words | 7 Pages. Buzz Dance Theatre ‘Look the other way’ How could you leave your country?
The place you grew up in, how could you leave your loved ones in a . Creation? place so bad you had to flee it yourself? The production of ‘Look the other way’ choreographed by Cadi McCarthy is riverside clearly emotionally attached to the performers. Look the other way describes how people had to leave their home and become refugees, their fear and hatred needing the encouragement to rage the dying of the light, move forward. The mixture of riverside prague, contemporary and kill a mockingbird hip hop really. Choreography , Dance , Dance music 921 Words | 3 Pages. Tiffany Miller Professor Stickney Intro to Humanities 23 June 2013 The type of dance I attended was a mix of ballet and modern. Riverside Prague? This . involved group performances as well as individual performances.
For the purpose of behavioural approach, this paper I will narrow my observations to school, an individual performance of Essay about Michael Planning Theory for Practitioners, both ballet and modern and a group performance of both. Riverside? Dance has the ability to draw it’s viewer in, by captivating the audience with the amount of grace, coordination and talent it’s dancers display. Dance , Performance 868 Words | 3 Pages. ?Emily Ahrens Kathy Gorman Dance Appreciation-05 Dance Performance Critique 14 December 2013 Nutcracker Ballet December 14, 3013 . On December 14, 3013, I attended the Nutcracker Ballet at Viterbo University in La Crosse, Wisconsin. This ballet was put on by the La Crosse Dance Center’s. When critiquing a dance performance there are lots of behavioural approach, things to take into consideration. You should pay attention to the following: number of riverside, turns, speed, coming up and down and on and off point, direction of. American Ballet Theatre , Dance , Marius Petipa 817 Words | 3 Pages. Outline – Dance Criticism (Step Up Revolution) Introduction: -Describe more about dancing. Who Is Calpurnia A Mockingbird? -Briefly talk about the movie “Step Up . Revolution” Hook: Dancing is one of the art form that is the mixture of human passion and body movement to create every single move Thesis: This protesting dance mob dance to be turbulent for prague, the business man, criticize the project in marketing mix process the middle of the riverside school prague conference, and to show the culture of Miami. The Media Thinking Essay? Topic: Dance Criticism (Step Up Revolution) Scope: protesting.
Art , Dance , Meaning of life 768 Words | 3 Pages. are used out on the field. Dance is riverside prague another physical activity that is sometimes not viewed as athletic sport. Dance is often . categorized with the performing arts and judeo-christian not given full credit for the physical dedication and commitment it takes in riverside order to be a professional dancer. People need to judeo-christian creation, ask themselves, “Is the dedication to becoming a top notch football player any different than the dedication it takes to excel as a dancer?” The answer to that question is riverside school prague no. Dance should be considered a sport. Dance 877 Words | 3 Pages. Festival grand parade. The word “SINULOG” is from the Cebuano adverd “SULOG” it means water current movement.
It’s adaptation describes the forward . backward step movement of the Sinulog dances . According to the rhythm of the drums , people dance to steps forward, then one step backward. In the later years: these dance has in envolved into three categories: Sinulog - base, free – interpretation, and latin Categories. And has been the cause argument. The historic event where the Sinulog Festivals is. Cebu , Cebu City , Dance 925 Words | 3 Pages. The Falling Into Pieces Dance Concert performed March 25, 2007 was a blend of five distinct dances , each communicating a . different message through the use of varying choreography and stage production arrangements. Marketing? The concert’s opener Gasp depicts a resistance to bounds that hold one down. It’s All About Falling, the second piece, dealt with the concept of a transition from struggle and school anguish to hope.
The third dance piece, titled Holding Still, Tracing Past Moments, attempted to about Michael, explore an. Choreography , Dance 1224 Words | 3 Pages. Crystal Jackson 2/21/12 Dance 6/7 pd. When being asked what would be taken from me if I could no longer dance I had to think . for a while. Riverside School? I had to rearrange the question and ask myself “what does dance mean to you, and cognitive how does it affect you?” It honestly not something I think about much so it actually was a bit hard trying to prague, put all the emotions that this prompt evoked in words. If I was no longer in a position where I could freely dance multiple things would be taken away from me. Rage Rage Against? Initially. Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles , Dance , Dictionary 1189 Words | 3 Pages. The concert was called “A Concert In Dance ”. The Stockton Dance Company set up the riverside whole demonstration. The show was performed . from February 28 to March 2. The show was preformed at Stockton College in the Performing Arts Center.
The performance that will be talked about is My Shadow’s Ghost. Lauren Putty White created the choreography. The music that was selected was Efterlang: Himmelbjerget. Mark Mallett did lighting. While Henry van Kuiken was in charge of the costume design. The dancers that. Dance , Gesture , Performance 845 Words | 3 Pages. Roopali Jayswal Dance 100 Essay2 October 5, 2010 Bollywood is the informal term used for the Hindi-based film industry based in India. . Bollywood is the largest film producer in rage of the India and is one of the largest centers of film production in the world. Bollywood films almost always have a series of songs and dances that sets it apart from industries like Hollywood. Bollywood dancing is a critical part of school, Indian film and calpurnia kill culture and riverside school prague has changed in a number of ways throughout the years.
Bollywood. Bollywood , Cinema of India , Dance 902 Words | 3 Pages. Safe dance Safe dance 1. About Michael Planning Theory For Practitioners? What is safe dance ? A term coined to mean dance practises that are taught . and performed with care as effective safe guards against potential injury. 2. What is the main way of avoiding injury? Not to side step troublesome movements but ensure that the body is sufficiently prepared to be able to handle them without injury. Overall Fitness 3. Riverside School? According to in to a mockingbird, the article, what are the essential components of fitness? Balanced diet, adequate rest, gradual muscular exercise. Body shape , Dance , Exercise 692 Words | 3 Pages. MUSIC AND DANCE Filipinos are known as great musicians worldwide. School Prague? This is seen in The Media Thinking Essay their dedication and riverside prague intense love for music. . Early Filipinos already developed their own music through their endemic songs and instruments.
The Magellan expedition in 1521, witnessed among the Cebuanos instruments of timbale, and cymbal and cognitive approach other forms of riverside school prague, drums. The most popular music instrument found in the country is the kudyapi a metal stringed instrument shaped like a boat, Tingguian nose flute called. Astronomical seeing , Dance , METEOR 1106 Words | 4 Pages. Alyssa Potter Humanities 1010 Analytical Essay 4/11/12 Dance of Life The painting “ Dance of Life”, created by rage rage the dying of the light meaning Edvard Munch . in 1900, is school a painting that portrays people in calpurnia kill different stages of life. It portrays two women who seem sad, a third woman who seems happy, and a bunch of other women dancing with men. The painting implies that life is riverside prague difficult and that it can be depressing at times, but that it always goes on. The arrangement of the kill women in a half circle represents the phases of life. American films , Circle , Dance 1226 Words | 3 Pages. Kristen Erdiakoff ERDIAKOFF1 English. Riverside School Prague? 100 December 3rd, 2012 My Dance Injury Dancing, primarily ballet, has been the . main focus of my childhood (from age three and beyond), as well as early teen life.
In many ways, it is what defines me; how I see myself as well as describe myself. But, My ballet career was forever altered when, in 2008, I did a lunge in a primary class with the Artistic Director at the San Francisco School of Ballet and mix process landed ever so gracefully which. American Ballet Theatre , Ballet , Dance 1073 Words | 3 Pages. Types of Dance Ballroom Dance : The Ballroom dance is one of the most entertaining and elite styles of dancing. In . the earlier days, Ballroom dance was only for the privileged class of people. Riverside School? This style of marketing mix process, partner dance originated in Germany but is popular all over the world. Today, the popularity of Ballroom dance has spread to many corners! This dance includes many other dance styles (Tango, Waltz,Foxtrot, Swing, Cha-cha, Rumba, Samba, Salsa , etc.). There are many dance techniques that have been. Ballet , Classical ballet , Concert dance 1016 Words | 4 Pages.
glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance . The waves beside them danced; but they Out-did the sparkling waves in glee: A poet could . Riverside Prague? not but be gay, 15 In such a jocund company: I gazed---and gazed---but little thought What wealth the show to calpurnia kill, me had brought: For oft, when on my couch I lie In vacant or in riverside school prague pensive mood, 20 They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils. [pic] . Dance , I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud , Milky Way 534 Words | 3 Pages. Safe Dance Practice - Year 11 Dance. Part A Safe dance practice is the mix process guidelines and principles put in place to prague, reduce risk of injury and help prolong a dancer’s career. We need . an understanding of body placement, kinaesthetic awareness and coordination to Essay about Michael Theory for Practitioners, perform to our full potential if wanting it to be successful. Riverside School Prague? Dance as an art form is The Media and the Essay trying to communicate an idea or concept intent to an audience.
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I History of Salsa Salsa is a dance form with origins from the Cuban Son (circa 1920s) and Afro-Cuban . dance (specifically Afro-Cuban Rumba ( dance )).. It is generally associated with the salsa music style, although it may be danced under other types of music with an 8-count rhythm. Before and creation around the time of World War II, the music traveled to Mexico City and New York. It was in New York where the term Salsa was created. In fact, the use of the word salsa for danceable.
Dance , Dance music , Partner dance 3446 Words | 10 Pages. Stella Wessels 4V5 6/11/2014 Rangahala Kandyan Dance On my holiday to Sri Lanka one of the must-do’s was to visit the Kandyan . dance performance. It was a show where native people would dance the traditional Kandyan Dance . It is a dance form that originated in the area called Kandy but today it had been widespread to other parts of the countryIt was nice to be able to experience the Sri Lankan culture in this way. School? The theatre is located in Kandy, one of the biggest cities of Sri Lanka. It was a relatively. Dance , Drum kit , Esala Perahera 713 Words | 2 Pages. instruments that many people were not used to listening to. Different styles of dances as well as hand crafted floats traveled around the rage against light . circle in an orderly manner. A set of people followed different color balloon arches signifying what performers were to be coming up. Excitement of the audience grew as the anticipation of who would be the next performer took over.
I even became a little anxious because each movement of dance gave me an inspirational feeling to get up and start moving to the different. Dance 944 Words | 3 Pages. Dance in Education When I decided my career in Dance , I never thought it was going to be that difficult to find a . state college offering this degree. I was surprised to find that the only one college having Dance in the list of academic programs was fifty five miles away from my home. School Prague? This situation just reaffirms the wrong concept that society has about dance as a career.
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African American , Ballet , Ballet company 1304 Words | 6 Pages. Dances of the Cordillera Groups Place of Origin | Title of Dance | Nature of riverside prague, Dance | Costume and Props Used | . Dance Description | Mountain Province | Banga | Occupational Dances | Heavy Earthen Pots | Igorot maidens go to the river and the dying of the prepare for a marriage ceremony. They display not only their grace and agility, but also their stamina and strength as they go about their daily task of fetching water and balancing the riverside school prague banga, claypots full of water, on Essay Michael P. Brooks' Theory, their heads. | Northern Benguet | Lepanto. Dance , Mindanao , Philippines 916 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of Ghost Dances - Gcse Dance - Aqa - a* Standard. Ghost Dances In 1973, Christopher Bruce heard about the school prague murders going on in the approach small villages and towns of Chile on the orders of the . government; just to show off their power, and how they were not afraid to use it. School Prague? Bruce found out as a result of a letter received from a widow of a Chilean folk singer who had been murdered. He was asked to who is in to, do work for riverside school, the Chilean Human Rights Committee. The dance first premiered in 1988, the costume designer being Belinda Scarlett and the music being by Incantation. Choreography , Dance , KILL 1648 Words | 5 Pages. Masculinity in Modern Dance : Model Redefined Assignment No.
2B by story Sufyan Bin Rosman (S9127872C) Group No. 24 Academic . Writing WRIT001/Term 1 – 2012/2013 I declare that this Assignment is school prague my original work and marketing mix process all information obtained from other sources has been cited accordingly. Prague? Turnitin _______________________ Similarity Signature and Date Assignment Word Count: Index 1966 Course Instructor: Prof. Shirley Alexander. Dance , Gender , Gender identity 2220 Words | 7 Pages. Dance in Public School Curricular. DANCE IN PUBLIC SCHOOL CURRICULA Dancing is a form of art that allows many children to calpurnia a mockingbird, express themselves through body motion while . developing many skills. Children throughout the world have been dancing since the riverside day they began walking. When a child to take their first steps and puts together the simplest combination of creation, movements, that would be considered as dancing. Riverside School? Music also plays a major role in the development of children understanding dance , because it is Essay about Theory can be used as an accompaniment. College , Dance , Education 1504 Words | 4 Pages.
? CARINOSA DANCE Carinosa - Carinosa is a word that describes an affectionate, friendly and lovable woman. This dance is . School? performed in cognitive flirtatious manner with fans and handkerchiefs to assist the dancers' hide-and-seek movements Philippine group dance of Hispanic origin from the Maria Clara suite of riverside prague, Philippine folk dances , where the rage rage fan or handkerchief plays an instrumental role as it places the couple in a hard-to-get romance scenario. Despite popular belief, Carinosa has always been the national. Dance , Philippines , Provinces of the Philippines 695 Words | 10 Pages. Teaching Dance to Underprivileged Kids. Teaching Dance to riverside, Underprivileged Kids Once prejudices enter the cognitive approach human mind they are not likely to leave it again. Riverside School? In the short story . “Teaching Dance to cognitive behavioural, Underprivileged Kids” the prague main character Carrie Lerner is a good example of this. She cannot let go of her prejudices against black people and this leads to creation, an irrational fear of them. The short story takes place at riverside school, a dance institute in cognitive approach Newark, a city in the state of New Jersey. Newark is riverside described by the narrator, Carrie Lerner, as a city.
Black people , Dance , Negro 1026 Words | 3 Pages. Live, Love, Dance Every year each kindergarten student at Saint Roman’s Catholic School present to their class and parents what they want to . be when they grow up. As I sat at my desk and listened to each of my classmates’ presentations, I noticed that they were all the same. Many of the against the dying of the meaning boys wanted to be a fireman or a police man and riverside many of the girls wanted to be a doctor or a vet. While I was looking around the room at all the Essay P. Brooks' for Practitioners other kids’ costumes, I heard my teacher’s voice. Ballet , Ballet shoes , Cheerleading 1360 Words | 3 Pages. Colombia has several folkloric/traditional music styles/ dances . Riverside? One of the rage against of the light meaning most popular is the Cumbia.
Cumbia have spread to school, other countries. . When danced in marketing mix process shows for the public the dancers wear clothing that were used in riverside school prague old times: Men would wear white pants and shirts, a hat (usually the style that used to be hand made), a large colorful handkerchief, handmade style sandals, and a machete (a large knife used to cut plants). Women would wear colorful long skirts (often black with decorations and. Colombia , Cumbia , Dance 943 Words | 3 Pages. Exploration to rage rage against meaning, the History of riverside school, Bollywood Dance. World Dance 3813-001 April 7, 2010 An Exploration to against the dying meaning, the History of Bollywood Dance In 2008, the movie “Slum dog Millionaire” . inspired a new dance craze, quickly spreading across the globe.
Due to the movies, popular hit song, “Jai Ho” and the famous choreographed dance shown in prague a memorable performance during the closing credits of the film, known as Bollywood dance , has exploded into dance studios, workout facilities, and films worldwide. For decades, the infusion of song and dance has been. Bharatanatyam , Bollywood , Cinema of Essay Michael P. Brooks' Planning for Practitioners, India 2297 Words | 6 Pages.
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Check out riverside prague this page and story, choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to get back into riverside accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and mix process, rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain.
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31 must-read celebrity biographies. Riverside School. Updated May 30, 2013 11:44 AM. It's hard to resist a juicy celebrity biography. Counting down to No. 1, here are 31 top picks, some informative and inspirational, some trashy and totally outrageous. In other words, something for everybody. About P. Brooks' Theory. 31. The Soundtrack of My Life.
Sony Music Entertainment's chief creative officer and famous hit-maker Clive Davis, who launched the careers of Whitney Houston, Alicia Keys and more, released his biography on Feb. 19, 2013. In it, he reveals his homosexual relationships and riverside school prague, sparked a feud with Kelly Clarkson, who says Davis bullied her in the book. (Feb. 18, 2013) 30. POKER FACE: The Rise and Rise of Lady Gaga.
By Maureen Callahan (Hyperion) The meteoric rise of the Ga -- once known as Stefani Germanotta -- is now documented in her first in-depth bio. Cognitive Behavioural Approach. The book covers her from riverside school prague her beginnings at NYU Tisch School of the Arts (what, a tad more than two years ago?) to judeo-christian her cultivation of the riverside school prague, hyper-persona that keeps the clubs pulsating -- with dish on her quirks, control freak-outs, messy (already?) love life and what pop music execs originally said (not pretty enough). 29. STORMY WEATHER: The Life of Lena Horne, By James Gavin (Atria) I've had stormy weather all my life, and if anybody can sing about the trouble they've seen, it's this old broad. Decline Essay. That's Lena on Lena, the extraordinary diva who attained wealth and world renown despite racism on both sides of the color divide (allowed to sing but not drink at riverside school, segregated clubs, and, with the exceptions of Cabin in the Sky and marketing mix process, Stormy Weather, She actually had sizable roles in riverside school prague both of these films, only rage against the dying meaning, given bit parts in prague Hollywood films in the pre-civil rights era; and cognitive behavioural approach, criticized by other African-Americans for marrying a white man). She makes it through, beauty intact.
Bitterness, too. Riverside Prague. 28. MARTHA STEWART: Just Desserts, By Jerry Oppenheimer (out of print) Any analysis of the who is calpurnia in to kill, woman behind the decorating dynasty is going to be a little -- pardon the expression -- dishy. We're talking dirty, dirty dishes, here. This tabloid biographer, known for salacious tales (see No. 20), offers the obvious (Martha's a control freak) and the not so (she may have dabbled in wife-swapping). (Credit: Allan Tannenbaum) 26.
THE ANDY WARHOL DIARIES. Edited by Pat Hackett (Grand Central) Not a bio, per se, but biographical, for sure. Riverside. Warhol dictated daily to Hackett, his secretary, but what started as an expense-account diary became 20,000 pages of catty gossip. When the edited version hit in 1989 (two years after his death), celebs, socialites and the Studio 54 crowd raced to find their names -- and marketing mix process, found they were savagely dissed: Liz Taylor (like a fat little Kewpie doll), Patti Smith (all I could think about was her B.O.), Jerry Hall (underarm B.O.). Got it, Andy -- they're stinkers. So were you. By Ozzy Osbourne with Chris Ayres (Grand Central)
A TELL-ALL (it needs all caps) with something for everyone: sex, cocaine, Black Sabbath, sex, hash, booze, sex, pills, sex, sex, wife beating, MTV, almost killing a vicar (accidentally), nasty moments with chickens and cats and school, . . . of course . . . the bat -- which, to be fair, he thought was fake when he bit its head off in rage rage against the dying light meaning a 1982 concert. My mouth was instantly full of this warm, gloopy liquid, with the worst aftertaste you could ever imagine, he writes. 24. STAR: How Warren Beatty Seduced America, By Peter Biskind (Simon Schuster) Beatty spoke to prague author Peter Biskind for marketing, this 2010 bio, though he rejected the riverside school, finished product as unauthorized. Though his life with wife Annette Bening and their kids was off limits, there's plenty of insight on the hits (Bonnie Clyde, Reds, Heaven Can Wait), flops (Ishtar), politics and all those loves (Natalie Wood, Julie Christie, Diane Keaton -- 12,775 in all, by the author's estimate, including the women in judeo-christian bios No. 16 and 27). Which surely makes him Hollywood's most infamous ladies' man -- though he might be tied for that title (see No. 4). Riverside Prague. (Credit: Jerry Lewis Films) 23.
KING OF COMEDY: The Life and creation, Art of Jerry Lewis, By Shawn Levy (St. Martin's) It's not all laughs -- not by a long shot. The high school dropout-turned-megastar and telethon promoter was deserted by his parents, dumped by comedy partner Dean Martin, and plagued by chronic pain, a drug addiction and a suicide attempt. Riverside Prague. 22. TAB HUNTER CONFIDENTIAL: The Making of a Movie Star. By Tab Hunter with Eddie Muller (Algonquin) If Tab were coming of age today, he'd be a sensation on Gossip Girl, and maybe -- just maybe -- more open about his sexuality.
But back in the '50s, the in to kill a mockingbird, teen heartthrob had to keep his gay relationships (with Anthony Perkins and school, others) secret. He finally breaks his silence in mix process this frank (one chapter is titled Happy to Be Forgotten) and touching 2005 book. 21. MY FIRST FIVE HUSBANDS . And the Ones Who Got Away. Riverside. By Rue McClanahan (Broadway) A must-read for anyone who's ever loved The Golden Girls -- and surprisingly engaging, too.
Consider this a primer on survival, through career droughts (Love Boat Limbo), breast cancer, six marriages and a May-December romance with Brad Davis. 20. Who Is. FRONT ROW: Anna Wintour -- What Lies Beneath the Chic Exterior of Vogue's Editor-in-Chief. As we know, there's trash and good trash . . . and this bio lies somewhere in between. Alas, most of school prague Anna's pals and colleagues refused to go on the record, so the 2005 book relies on accounts by random old school chums, ex-beaus, distant relatives and other gripers with mud to marketing sling. Still, you get a truer sense of what she's like than you do from riverside school a certain lame (if bestselling) novel with Prada in the title. 19. UNMASKED: The Final Years of Michael Jackson. By Ian Halperin (Simon Spotlight) There are plenty of Jacko books out there, mostly cheesy.
This bio -- notable for its quickie production (the publisher bought the unedited manuscript a day after MJ's death and it hit shelves before the burial) -- at least comes from creation story a veteran celeb biographer, albeit packed with scads of unnamed inside sources. The author contends Jackson was gay, occasionally cross-dressed, and wasn't a pedophile but blackmail victim. Also, he used wife Lisa Marie Presley as a beard. No! Really? 18.
STORI TELLING. By Tori Spelling (Gallery) Stupid title -- but a charming read about a tabloid princess. School. Everyone's fave virgin from 90210 sets the record straight. No, she wasn't disinherited (not exactly) -- and, yes, Daddy did have fake snow made on the Beverly Hills lawn for Christmas. Judeo-christian Story. Twice.
By Diana Vreeland (Da Capo) Here's the grande dame of American fashion: poised, meticulous, daring and riverside, -- let's get real -- sometimes so over-the-top (pink is the navy blue of India) it's hilarious. (And true.) The former editor of Harper's Bazaar and Vogue recounts her exotic, hothouse life peppered with boldfaced names (Wallis Simpson, Jackie Kennedy, Balenciaga) and lush locales, from Park Avenue to Long Island's Gold Coast, London, Hungary, Morocco and -- believe it or not -- Albany. 16. JUST JACKIE: Her Private Years. Essay About Michael P. Brooks' Planning For Practitioners. By Edward Klein (Ballantine) OK ? journalist (and Jackie pal) Klein is clearly k-k-k-krazy for the Kennedys (having written no less than five books on members of the riverside, clan). The Media Essay. Folks seem to love or hate this book and riverside, all its insider dirt: Onassis putting the moves on Jackie 48 hours after Dallas; her make-out sessions with Brando; and marketing, those rumors about her and Sinatra, or Bobby Kennedy?
No, she didn?t sleep with them, Klein asserts. One of the images of riverside school prague Elizabeth Taylor from Liz: An Intimate Biography of Elizabeth Taylor. by C. David Heymann. 14. GRACE: The Secret Lives of a Princess. By James Spada (out of print) This 1987 bio with the sub-subtitle, An Intimate Biography of Grace Kelly, is just that -- a sympathetic tale of judeo-christian story one of the most beautiful and mythic (hey, she actually married a prince) women in America. The big reveal: that the white-gloved, convent-educated, society starlet had her share of prague premarital sex -- Ray Milland, David Niven and on judeo-christian creation story, and on. Riverside School. 13. The Media Of Critical. HEAVIER THAN HEAVEN: A Biography of Kurt Cobain.
By Charles R. Cross (Hyperion) The definitive work on the ill-fated grunge rocker, written by a former editor of Seattle music mag The Rocket, authorized by widow Courtney Love and culled from 400+ interviews and Cobain's unpublished journals. Disclosed: the school prague, Nirvana front man never lived under a bridge (as one song alleges), he'd talked about his suicide genes since his teens, and mix process, as for the Courtney-killed-Kurt rumor -- nahhh. School Prague. 12. OPEN: An Autobiography. This 2009 stunner isn't stocked with the typical megastar mea culpas (sorry about all the sex and judeo-christian, drugs). But it reveals, in startling clarity, how much a tennis player as gifted and successful as Agassi can actually hate the game.
His exes (ex-wife Brooke Shields and ex-rival Pete Sampras) aren't crazy about how they get depicted, and riverside school, former No. 1 Marat Safin has suggested Agassi turn in his tennis titles after the The Media and the Decline, book revealed Agassi once tested positive for drugs (crystal meth) and lied about prague it to The Media of Critical Essay tennis officials. 11. Riverside School Prague. NO ONE HERE GETS OUT ALIVE: The Biography of Jim Morrison. By Jerry Hopkins and Danny Sugerman (Grand Central) The first biography of marketing mix process Morrison -- the man, the riverside school, myth -- written by a journalist (Hopkins) and Essay about Michael P. Brooks' for Practitioners, an office aide to The Doors (Sugerman).
The book idolizes its subject a tad, fans admit. Yet it's candid (he wasn't that great a singer) and comprehensive -- discussing Morrison's rise, music, total rejection of authority and the psychological demons that led to his premature death at 27. By Tina Turner with Kurt Loder (It Books) Her volcanic stage presence and legs of death mesmerized audiences for decades. Then came this 1986 bestseller, which blew the school prague, lid off the decades spent as a victim of domestic violence. Ike, her ex-husband and rock partner denied the allegations for years, until his own 2001 autobiography. Sure, I've slapped Tina, he admitted. We had fights and there have been times when I punched her without thinking . But I never beat her. Sure, Ike. By Christopher Reeve (Ballantine) This memoir, which Reeve wrote in 1998, three years after the tragic horseback riding accident that left him paralyzed, recounts his metamorphosis from Hollywood heartthrob to medical research maverick and icon for in to kill a mockingbird, the disabled.
He takes an unflinching look at riverside school, his WASP-y youth (talk about a dysfunctional family), acting career, political activism and then the family life and who is calpurnia kill, paralysis foundation he built with his wife, Dana. 8. Riverside School. HIGH ON ARRIVAL: A Memoir. By Mackenzie Phillips (Simon Spotlight) The young actress who America watched grow up on judeo-christian creation, the sitcom One Day at riverside prague, a Time was actually exposed at an astoundingly young age to behavioural sex, drugs and rock and roll, thanks to her dad, John Phillips of The Mamas and the Papas. This 2009 memoir reveals demons she's battled for decades, from addictions to incest at the hands of her father. Her story, tenderly told (and disputed by stepmom Michelle Phillips), rocked Hollywood. School Prague. By Donald Spoto (Cooper Square) The veteran biographer of kill Alfred Hitchcock, Laurence Olivier and Ingrid Bergman relied on riverside prague, 150 interviews, plus Monroe's letters and diaries, to craft this detailed account of rage a cultural icon.
The 2001 book traces her early life (as Norma Jeane), through her various films, marriages, acting coaches and addictions. Spoto provocatively sheds light on various rumors and innuendo (like her supposed tryst with Robert F. School. Kennedy -- not!) and what really happened the calpurnia in to kill, night she died. 6. Riverside School. LAST TRAIN TO MEMPHIS: The Rise of judeo-christian creation story Elvis Presley and. Yes, it's two books here, not one -- but it's impossible to decide between the two and, really, they come off as one fascinating read, covering both Elvises -- the cool, up-and-coming hip-swiveler (growing up in Tupelo, recording sessions at Sun Studios, being drafted) and the sequined Vegas chubby. Riverside School. Released in 1994 and '99, the two volumes are considered the in to, definitive accounts of the life of the King. 5. Prague. THE LIVES OF JOHN LENNON.
By Albert Goldman (Chicago Review Press) This 1988 unauthorized bio by an academic and behavioural approach, music critic is as hefty (720 pages, 1,200 interviews and written over the course of six years) as it is riverside school controversial (it's been called a hatchet job by ardent Lennon fans and condemned by Yoko Ono). The book paints Lennon as a dark, conflicted figure (duh) and sifts through little-known facts about his youth, life with Yoko and post-Beatles years. Startling allegations include how Lennon took LSD daily, had a gay relationship with Brian Epstein and cognitive approach, may have killed a man. There isn't a lot of music analysis but, what -- you're looking for a book that's longer than 720 pages? 4. MY WICKED, WICKED WAYS: The Autobiography of Errol Flynn. It's all here -- obsessions, addictions, divorces and brawls from the school, greatest of Hollywood swashbucklers. The big question of this 1959 autobiography: How much is mix process true? Some anecdotes have been disputed, but with plot twists that include his pre-Hollywood life as a mercenary, his 1943 trial for riverside school, rape (he was cleared of the charges) and all that action with the about Michael P. Brooks', ladies (he spawned the phrase in school prague like Flynn), it's one rollicking ride.
3. HIS WAY: An Unauthorized Biography of Frank Sinatra. Marketing Mix Process. Sinatra sued Kelley to stop publication of this unauthorized 1986 biography, which dug up the dirt on his abusive marriages, womanizing, hair-trigger temper and school prague, ties to organized crime. He ultimately withdrew the Essay about P. Brooks' Planning, lawsuit, and the book went on to become a huge bestseller, forever changing our perception of Ol? Blue Eyes. 2. DIANA: Her True Story. By Andrew Morton (Pocket Books) Morton's 1992 bio of Princess Diana exposed her scarily unhappy marriage to Prince Charles and prague, the dysfunctions of the royal family, giving Elizabeth her unshakable rep as an Ice Queen. Judeo-christian. It was later revealed that Diana was Morton's principal (and anonymous) source.
1. MOMMIE DEAREST. By Christina Crawford (Seven Springs Press) The Mother's Day card to end all Mother's Day cards. This how-to of maternal dysfunction set the riverside school prague, benchmark for tell-all tomes written by the offended offspring of freaky celebrities. Written by Essay about Planning Theory for Practitioners Joan Crawford's adopted daughter (who Mommie disinherited before she died), this 1978 bestseller told a Hollywood horror story of a tempestuous megastar and the psychological and physical abuse she heaped on her kids. Riverside School. Grab the 20th Anniversary Seven Springs edition, which includes 100 pages of dirt cut from the original. The 1981 film starred an irrepressibly campy Faye Dunaway. C'mon, let's all say it together: No!
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Cisco Network Topologies and LAN Design. The questions in prague, the following quiz are designed to help you gauge how well you know the material covered in this chapter. Compare your answers with those found in Appendix A, Answers to Quiz Questions. If you answer most or all of the questions thoroughly and correctly, you might want to skim the Essay Planning, chapter and proceed to riverside the QA and Case Studies sections at the end of the marketing mix process, chapter. If you find you need to review only certain subject matter, search the chapter for only those sections that cover the objectives you need to review and then test yourself with those question again, as well as the QA and Case Studies questions. If you find the following questions too difficult, read the chapter carefully until you feel you can easily answers these and the QA and school, Case Studies questions. What OSI layer does a bridge operate? The 10Base2 Ethernet media is commonly referred as?
What is the P. Brooks' Planning Theory for Practitioners, recommended maximum number of nodes that should be used in a multi-protocol LAN segment? Bridges control collision domains, broadcast domains, or both? What is the maximum segment size in a 100BaseT network? What is the maximum segment size in riverside, a 10Base2 network? Routers operate on what OSI layer? Fast Ethernet is mix process, covered by which IEEE standard? What is 10Base5 commonly referred to as? What device controls a broadcast domain?
You can find the school prague, answers to mix process these questions in Appendix A, Answers to Quiz Questions. The CCDA objectives covered in this section are as follows: Describe the advantages, disadvantages, scalability issues, and applicability of standard internetwork topologies. Draw a topology map that meets the customer#039;s needs and riverside, includes a high-level view of internetworking devices and interconnecting media. This section covers CCDA exam objectives about who is kill a mockingbird designing network topologies for the LAN.
LANs provide data transfer rates that are typically much faster than wide-area networks (WANs). While most companies own their own LAN infrastructure, wide-area connections between LANs are usually leased on a monthly basis from an outside carrier. Riverside School Prague? With the recent developments in Gigabit Ethernet technologies, LAN designs are now capable of 1000 Mbps speeds. High-speed Gigabit links can connect servers to LAN switches. At these speeds, the capacity is there to meet the performance requirements of current high-bandwidth applications. Various speeds of Ethernet have evolved into the de facto standard for rage of the, LANs. Ethernet uses a contention-based access method, meaning each device competes simultaneously for access to the network.
All devices attached to riverside prague the same Ethernet segment form a collision domain. Each device transmitting on rage of the meaning that segment may attempt to riverside school transmit at the same time as another device on Michael P. Brooks' for Practitioners the same segment, resulting in school, a collision. As the number of devices in the same collision domain increases, so do the collisions, resulting in poorer performance. Although not discussed in newer switched (bridged) networks, legacy Ethernet networks with repeaters and hubs should limit the size of the collision domain. To scale multiprotocol networks and networks with high-bandwidth applications, limit the Essay about P. Brooks' Planning, size of collision domains using bridges, switches, and routers. This is covered in the section LAN Hardware later in the chapter. Three different network topology models are discussed in the following sections: Hierarchical models enable you to design internetworks in layers.
To understand the prague, importance of layering, consider the for Practitioners, Open System Interconnection (OSI) reference model, which is a layered model for implementing computer communications. Using layers, the OSI model simplifies the tasks required for two computers to riverside school prague communicate. Hierarchical models for internetwork design also use layers to creation simplify the tasks required for riverside school, internetworking. Essay About Theory? Each layer can be focused on specific functions, allowing you to choose the right systems and features for each layer. Hierarchical models apply to both LAN and WAN design. The many benefits of prague using hierarchical models for your network design include the following:
Cost savings Ease of understanding Easy network growth Improved fault isolation. After adopting hierarchical design models, many organizations report cost savings because they are no longer trying to mix process do it all in one routing/switching platform. Riverside School? The modular nature of the calpurnia a mockingbird, model enables appropriate use of bandwidth within each layer of the hierarchy, reducing wasted capacity. Keeping each design element simple and small facilitates ease of understanding, which helps control training and staff costs. Riverside School? Management responsibility and mix process, network management systems can be distributed to the different layers of riverside modular network architectures, which also helps control management costs. Hierarchical design facilitates changes. In a network design, modularity allows creating design elements that can be replicated as the network grows, facilitating easy network growth. As each element in the network design requires change, the cost and complexity of cognitive approach making the upgrade is contained to school a small subset of the overall network.
In large, flat, or meshed network architectures, changes tend to impact a large number of systems. Improved fault isolation is facilitated by structuring the network into small, easy-to-understand elements. Network managers can easily understand the transition points in the network, which helps identify failure points. Today#039;s fast-converging protocols were designed for hierarchical topologies. To control the The Media and the of Critical Essay, impact of routing overhead processing and bandwidth consumption, modular hierarchical topologies must be used with protocols designed with these controls in mind, such as EIGRP. Route summarization is prague, facilitated by hierarchical network design. Route summarization reduces the routing protocol overhead on links in the network and reduces routing protocol processing within the routers. As Figure 4-1 illustrates, a hierarchical network design has three layers:
The core layer provides optimal transport between sites. The distribution layer provides policy-based connectivity. The access layer provides workgroup/user access to the network. Figure 4-1 A Hierarchical Network Design Has Three Layers: Core, Distribution, and rage of the, Access. Each layer provides necessary functionality to the network. The layers do not need to be implemented as distinct physical entities.
Each layer can be implemented in school prague, routers or switches, represented by a physical media, or combined in a single box. A particular layer can be omitted altogether, but for Essay Michael Planning Theory, optimum performance, a hierarchy should be maintained. The core layer is the school prague, high-speed switching backbone of the network, which is crucial to enable corporate communications. The core layer should have the following characteristics: Offer high reliability Provide redundancy Provide fault tolerance Adapt to changes quickly Offer low latency and good manageability Avoid slow packet manipulation caused by filters or other processes Have a limited and consistent diameter. When routers are used in a network, the number of router hops from edge to edge is called the diameter . The Media Decline Of Critical Essay? As noted, it is considered good practice to design for riverside school prague, a consistent diameter within a hierarchical network. This means that from any end station to another end station across the backbone, there should be the same number of and the of Critical Thinking Essay hops.
The distance from any end station to a server on the backbone should also be consistent. Limiting the diameter of the internetwork provides predictable performance and ease of troubleshooting. Distribution layer routers and client LANs can be added to the hierarchical model without increasing the diameter because neither will affect how existing end stations communicate. The distribution layer of the network is the demarcation point between the access and prague, core layers of the network. The distribution layer can have many roles, including implementing the following functions: Policy (for example, to ensure that traffic sent from a particular network should be forwarded out one interface, while all other traffic should be forwarded out Essay P. Brooks' Theory another interface) Security Address or area aggregation or summarization Departmental or workgroup access Broadcast/multicast domain definition Routing between virtual LANs (VLANs) Media translations (for example, between Ethernet and Token Ring) Redistribution between routing domains (for example, between two different routing protocols) Demarcation between static and dynamic routing protocols. Several Cisco IOS software features can be used to school prague implement policy at the distribution layer, including the following: Filtering by source or destination address Filtering on input or output ports Hiding internal network numbers by route filtering Static routing Quality of service mechanisms (for example, to ensure that all devices along a path can accommodate the requested parameters) The access layer provides user access to local segments on the network.
The access layer is characterized by switched and shared bandwidth LANs in a campus environment. Microsegmentation, using LAN switches, provides high bandwidth to workgroups by and the Decline of Critical Thinking, dividing collision domains on Ethernet segments and reducing the number of stations capturing the token on Token Ring LANs. For small office/home office (SOHO) environments, the access layer provides access for remote sites into school the corporate network by using WAN technologies such as ISDN, Frame Relay, and leased lines. Features such as dial-on-demand routing (DDR) and static routing can be implemented to control costs. For small- to medium-sized companies, the hierarchical model is often implemented as a hub-and-spoke topology, as shown in Figure 4-2. Corporate headquarters forms the hub and links to judeo-christian the remote offices form the spokes. Figure 4-2 The Hierarchical Model Is Often Implemented as a Hub-and-Spoke Topology. You can implement the hierarchical model by riverside school prague, using either routers or switches. Figure 4-3 is an example of a switched hierarchical design, while Figure 4-4 shows examples of routed hierarchical designs. Figure 4-3 An Example of a Switched Hierarchical Design.
Figure 4-4 Examples of Routed Hierarchical Designs. When designing a network topology for a customer who has critical systems, services, or network paths, you should determine the likelihood that these components will fail and who is calpurnia a mockingbird, design redundancy where necessary. Consider incorporating one of the following types of redundancy into your design: Workstation-to-router redundancy Server redundancy Route redundancy Media redundancy. Each of these types of redundancy is elaborated in the sections that follow. When a workstation has traffic to send to a station that is not local, the workstation has many possible ways to discover the address of a router on its network segment, including the following: Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) Explicit configuration Router Discovery Protocol (RDP) Routing Information Protocol (RIP) Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) AppleTalk Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) The sections that follow cover each of these methods. Some IP workstations send an ARP frame to find a remote station. Prague? A router running proxy ARP can respond with its data link layer address. Cisco routers run proxy ARP by default.
Most IP workstations must be configured with the IP address of a default router. Marketing? This is sometimes called the school, default gateway . In an Essay Michael P. Brooks' Planning Theory for Practitioners, IP environment, the most common method for a workstation to riverside school prague find a server is judeo-christian creation story, via explicit configuration (default router). If the workstation#039;s default router becomes unavailable, the workstation must be reconfigured with the address of a different router. Some IP stacks enable you to riverside configure multiple default routers, but many other IP stacks do not support redundant default routers. RFC 1256 specifies an extension to the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) that allows an IP workstation and router to run RDP to facilitate the workstation learning the address of a router. An IP workstation can run RIP to learn about routers. RIP should be used in passive mode rather than active mode. (Active mode means that the station sends RIP frames every 30 seconds.) The Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol also supports a workstation running RIP. An IPX workstation broadcasts a find network number message to find a route to The Media and the Decline of Critical Thinking a server. A router then responds. If the client loses its connection to the server, it automatically sends the school, message again. An AppleTalk workstation remembers the address of the router that sent the last Routing Table Maintenance Protocol (RTMP) packet.
As long as there are one or more routers on an AppleTalk workstation#039;s network, it has a route to remote devices. Cisco#039;s HSRP provides a way for IP workstations to keep communicating on the internetwork even if their default router becomes unavailable. HSRP works by creating a phantom router that has its own IP and MAC addresses. Essay About P. Brooks' Theory? The workstations use this phantom router as their default router. HSRP routers on a LAN communicate among themselves to school prague designate two routers as active and standby.
The active router sends periodic hello messages. The other HSRP routers listen for the hello messages. About Theory? If the active router fails and the other HSRP routers stop receiving hello messages, the prague, standby router takes over and becomes the active router. Because the new active router assumes both the IP and MAC addresses of the about Planning, phantom, end nodes see no change at all. They continue to send packets to the phantom router#039;s MAC address, and the new active router delivers those packets. HSRP also works for riverside prague, proxy ARP. And The? When an active HSRP router receives an ARP request for a node that is not on school the local LAN, the router replies with the Essay, phantom router#039;s MAC address instead of its own.
If the router that originally sent the school prague, ARP reply later loses its connection, the new active router can still deliver the traffic. Figure 4-5 shows a sample implementation of HSRP. Figure 4-5 An Example of HSRP: The Phantom Router Represents the and the of Critical Thinking Essay, Real Routers. In Figure 4-5, the following sequence occurs: The Anderson workstation is configured to use the Phantom router as its default router. Upon booting, the school, routers elect Broadway as the HSRP active router. The active router does the Essay Michael Theory, work for the HSRP phantom. Central Park is the HSRP standby router. When Anderson sends an ARP frame to find its default router, Broadway responds with the Phantom router#039;s MAC address. If Broadway goes off line, Central Park takes over riverside school prague, as the judeo-christian creation, active router, continuing the delivery of riverside school prague Anderson#039;s packets. The change is transparent to Anderson.
If a third HSRP router was on the LAN, that router would begin to act as the rage the dying, new standby router. In some environments, fully redundant (mirrored) file servers should be recommended. School Prague? For example, in a brokerage firm where traders must access data in order to buy and sell stocks, the data can be replicated on two or more redundant servers. The servers should be on different networks and power supplies. If complete server redundancy is judeo-christian story, not feasible due to riverside school prague cost considerations, mirroring or duplexing of the rage against of the light meaning, file server hard drives is a good idea. Mirroring means synchronizing two disks, while duplexing is the same as mirroring with the additional feature that the two mirrored hard drives are controlled by different disk controllers.
Designing redundant routes has two purposes: load balancing and minimizing downtime. AppleTalk and IPX routers can remember only one route to a remote network by default, so they do not support load balancing. School Prague? You can change this for and the of Critical Thinking Essay, IPX by using the riverside prague, ipx maximum-paths command and for AppleTalk by using the appletalk maximum-paths command on a Cisco router. Most IP routing protocols can load balance across up to story six parallel links that have equal cost. Riverside? Use the maximum-paths command to change the number of links that the router will load balance over for IP; the default is four, the mix process, maximum is six. To support load balancing, keep the bandwidth consistent within a layer of the hierarchical model so that all paths have the same cost. (Cisco#039;s IGRP and EIGRP are exceptions because they can load balance traffic across multiple routes that have different metrics by riverside school, using a feature called variance .) A hop-based routing protocol does load balancing over unequal bandwidth paths as long as the hop count is equal. Judeo-christian Story? After the slower link becomes saturated, the higher-capacity link cannot be filled; this is called pinhole congestion . Pinhole congestion can be avoided by designing equal bandwidth links within one layer of the prague, hierarchy or by using a routing protocol that takes bandwidth into account. IP load balancing depends on which switching mode is used on a router.
Process switching load balances on a packet-by-packet basis. Fast, autonomous, silicon, optimum, distributed, and NetFlow switching load balance on a destination-by-destination basis because the processor caches the encapsulation to rage against of the light meaning a specific destination for these types of switching modes. In addition to riverside school prague facilitating load balancing, redundant routes minimize network downtime. As already discussed, you should keep bandwidth consistent within a given layer of a hierarchy to facilitate load balancing. Another reason to keep bandwidth consistent within a layer of a hierarchy is that routing protocols converge much faster if multiple equal-cost paths to a destination network exist. By using redundant, meshed network designs, you can minimize the judeo-christian, effect of link failures. Depending on the convergence time of the school, routing protocols being used, a single link failure will not have a catastrophic effect. A network can be designed as a full mesh or a partial mesh. In a full mesh network, every router has a link to in to every other router, as shown in Figure 4-6.
A full mesh network provides complete redundancy and riverside school prague, also provides good performance because there is just a single-hop delay between any two sites. The number of links in a full mesh is against the dying of the meaning, n(n#150;1)/2, where n is the number of prague routers. Each router is connected to every other router. (Divide the result by Essay, 2 to avoid counting Router X to Router Y and Router Y to Router X as two different links.) Figure 4-6 Full Mesh Network: Every Router Has a Link to Every Other Router in the Network. A full mesh network can be expensive to implement in wide-area networks due to school prague the required number of links. In addition, practical limits to scaling exist for groups of routers that broadcast routing updates or service advertisements. Who Is In To A Mockingbird? As the number of router peers increases, the riverside prague, amount of mix process bandwidth and CPU resources devoted to processing broadcasts increases. A suggested guideline is to keep broadcast traffic at less than 20 percent of the bandwidth of each link; this will limit the number of riverside peer routers that can exchange routing tables or service advertisements. When planning redundancy, follow guidelines for simple, hierarchical design. Figure 4-7 illustrates a classic hierarchical and redundant enterprise design that uses a partial mesh rather than a full mesh architecture. For LAN designs, links between the access and distribution layer can be Fast Ethernet, with links to the core at Gigabit Ethernet speeds.
Figure 4-7 Partial Mesh Design with Redundancy. In mission-critical applications, it is often necessary to Thinking provide redundant media. In switched networks, switches can have redundant links to each other. This redundancy is good because it minimizes downtime, but it may result in broadcasts continuously circling the network, which is school, called a broadcast storm . Essay Theory? Because Cisco switches implement the IEEE 802.1d Spanning-Tree Algorithm, this looping can be avoided in the Spanning-Tree Protocol. The Spanning-Tree Algorithm guarantees that only one path is school prague, active between two network stations. The algorithm permits redundant paths that are automatically activated when the active path experiences problems. Because WAN links are often critical pieces of the internetwork, redundant media is often deployed in WAN environments. As shown in Figure 4-8, backup links can be provisioned so they become active when a primary link goes down or becomes congested. Figure 4-8 Backup Links Can Be Used to Provide Redundancy. Often, backup links use a different technology.
For example, a leased line can be in parallel with a backup dialup line or ISDN circuit. By using floating static routes , you can specify that the backup route has a higher administrative distance (used by judeo-christian story, Cisco routers to select which routing information to use) so that it is riverside school, not normally used unless the primary route goes down. When provisioning backup links, learn as much as possible about the actual physical circuit routing. Different carriers sometimes use the same facilities, meaning that your backup path is creation, susceptible to the same failures as your primary path. You should do some investigative work to ensure that your backup really is acting as a backup. Backup links can be combined with load balancing and channel aggregation. Riverside School Prague? Channel aggregation means that a router can bring up multiple channels (for example, Integrated Services Digital Network [ISDN] B channels) as bandwidth requirements increase. Cisco supports the who is calpurnia in to kill, Multilink Point-to-Point Protocol (MPPP), which is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard for ISDN B channel (or asynchronous serial interface) aggregation.
MPPP does not specify how a router should accomplish the decision-making process to bring up extra channels. Prague? Instead, it seeks to ensure that packets arrive in sequence at the receiving router. Then, the data is encapsulated within PPP and the datagram is given a sequence number. At the receiving router, PPP uses this sequence number to mix process re-create the original data stream. Multiple channels appear as one logical link to upper-layer protocols. This section introduces secure topology models. The information in this book is not sufficient to learn all the nuances of riverside prague internetwork security. Creation Story? To learn more about school prague internetwork security, you might want to Essay P. Brooks' for Practitioners read the book Firewalls and Internet Security , by Bill Cheswick and Steve Bellovin, published by Addison Wesley. School Prague? Also, by searching for the word security on Cisco#039;s web site (http://www.cisco.com), you can keep up to cognitive behavioural approach date on security issues. Secure topologies are often designed by using a firewall. A firewall protects one network from another untrusted network.
This protection can be accomplished in many ways, but in school, principle, a firewall is a pair of mechanisms: One blocks traffic and the other permits traffic. Some firewalls place a greater emphasis on blocking traffic, and others emphasize permitting traffic. Figure 4-9 shows a simple firewall topology using routers. Figure 4-9 A Simple Firewall Network, Using Routers. You can design a firewall system using packet-filtering routers and bastion hosts. A bastion host is a secure host that supports a limited number of cognitive behavioural approach applications for use by riverside school, outsiders.
It holds data that outsiders access (for example, web pages) but is strongly protected from outsiders using it for anything other than its limited purposes. The classic firewall system, called the rage rage against light meaning, three-part firewall system , has the following three specialized layers, as shown in Figure 4-10: Another router that acts as an outside packet filter between the isolation LAN and school, the outside internetwork. An isolation LAN that is a buffer between the calpurnia in to kill, corporate internetwork and riverside prague, the outside world. (The isolation LAN is behavioural, called the demilitarized zone (DMZ) in some literature.) A router that acts as an inside packet filter between the corporate internetwork and the isolation LAN.
Figure 4-10 Structure and Components of riverside school prague a Three-Part Firewall System. Services available to the outside world are located on bastion hosts in the isolation LAN. Example services in these hosts include: Anonymous FTP server Web server Domain Name System (DNS) Telnet Specialized security software such as Terminal Access Controller Access Control System (TACACS) The isolation LAN has a unique network number that is different than the corporate network number. Creation? Only the school, isolation LAN network is visible to the outside world. On the outside filter, you should advertise only the route to the isolation LAN. If internal users need to get access to Internet services, allow TCP outbound traffic from the internal corporate internetwork. Allow TCP packets back into the internal network only rage against of the light if they are in response to school prague a previously sent request. All other TCP traffic should be blocked because new inbound TCP sessions could be from hackers trying to establish sessions with internal hosts.
To determine whether TCP traffic is behavioural, a response to a previously sent request or a request for a new session, the router examines some bits in the code field of the school, TCP header. If the acknowledgement field (ACK) is valid or reset the connection (RST) bits are set in a TCP segment header, the segment is a response to a previously sent request. The established keyword in rage rage the dying of the light, Cisco IOS access lists (filters) is used to indicate packets with ACK or RST bits set. The following list summarizes some rules for the three-part firewall system: The outside packet filter router should allow inbound TCP packets from school, established TCP sessions. The outside packet filter router should also allow packets to specific TCP or UDP ports going to specific bastion hosts (including TCP SYN packets that are used to establish a session).
The inside packet filter router should allow inbound TCP packets from established sessions. Always block traffic from coming in judeo-christian creation story, from between the firewall routers and hosts and the internal network. The firewall routers and hosts themselves are likely to be a jumping-off point for hackers, as shown in Figure 4-11. Figure 4-11 Firewall Routers and Hosts May Make Your Network Vulnerable to Hacker Attacks. Keep bastion hosts and firewall routers simple.
They should run as few programs as possible. The programs should be simple because simple programs have fewer bugs than complex programs. Bugs introduce possible security holes. Do not enable any unnecessary services or connections on riverside the outside filter router. A list of suggestions for marketing mix process, implementing the outside filter router follows: Turn off Telnet access (no virtual terminals defined). Use static routing only. School? Do not make it a TFTP server. Use password encryption. Turn off proxy ARP service. Turn off finger service.
Turn off IP redirects. Marketing Mix Process? Turn off IP route caching. Do not make the router a MacIP server (MacIP provides connectivity for IP over AppleTalk by tunneling IP datagrams inside AppleTalk). To provide stalwart security, hardware firewall devices can be used in riverside prague, addition to or instead of packet-filtering routers. For example, in the three-part firewall system illustrated earlier in cognitive, Figure 4-10, a hardware firewall device could be installed on the isolation LAN. A hardware firewall device offers the following benefits: Less complex and more robust than packet filters No required downtime for installation No required upgrading of hosts or routers No necessary day-to-day management. Cisco#039;s PIX Firewall is school, a hardware device that offers the features in the preceding list, as well as full outbound Internet access from story, unregistered internal hosts.
IP addresses can be assigned from the private ranges, as defined in RFC 1918 (available at ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc1918.txt). The PIX Firewall uses a protection scheme called Network Address Translation (NAT) , which allows internal users access to the Internet while protecting internal networks from riverside school prague, unauthorized access. The PIX Firewall provides firewall security without the administrative overhead and risks associated with UNIX-based or router-based firewall systems. The PIX Firewall operates on calpurnia kill a secure real-time kernel, not on UNIX. Riverside School Prague? The network administrator is provided with complete auditing of all transactions, including attempted break-ins. The PIX Firewall supports data encryption with the Cisco PIX Private Link, a card that provides secure communication between multiple PIX systems over the Internet using the data encryption standard (DES). The PIX Firewall provides TCP and UDP connectivity from internal networks to the outside world by approach, using a scheme called adaptive security . All inbound traffic is verified for correctness against the following connection state information: Source and destination IP addresses Source and destination port numbers Protocols TCP sequence numbers (which are randomized to riverside school eliminate the Michael Theory for Practitioners, possibility of hackers guessing numbers) The CCDA objective covered in this section is as follows: Draw a topology map that meets the customer#039;s needs and includes a high-level view of riverside school prague internetworking devices and interconnecting media.
Local-area networks can be classified as a large building LAN, campus LAN, or small/remote LAN. The large building LAN contains the major data center with high-speed access and The Media of Critical Essay, floor communications closets; the large building LAN is usually the riverside, headquarters in larger companies. Campus LANs provide connectivity between buildings on a campus; redundancy is usually a requirement. Small/remote LANs provide connectivity to remote offices with a small number of nodes. It is important to remember the Cisco hierarchical approach of network design. First, build a high-speed core backbone network. Second, build the distribution layer, where policy can be applied. Finally, build the access layer, where LANs provide access to the network end stations. Large building LANs are segmented by Theory, floors or departments.
Company mainframes and servers reside in a computing center. Media lines run from the computer center to school the wiring closets at the various segments. From the wiring closets, media lines run to the offices and cubicles around the Essay Planning Theory, work areas. Figure 4-12 depicts a typical large building design. Each floor may have more than 200 users. Following a hierarchical model of access, distribution, and core, Ethernet and Fast Ethernet nodes may connect to hubs and switches in the communications closet. Uplink ports from closet switches connect back to one or two (for redundancy) distribution switches. Distribution switches may provide connectivity to server farms that provide business applications, DHCP, DNS, intranet, and riverside school, other services. A campus LAN connects two or more buildings located near each other using high-bandwidth LAN media.
Usually the media (for example, copper or fiber) is owned. High-speed switching devices are recommended to rage the dying of the light meaning minimize latency. In today#039;s networks, Gigabit Ethernet campus backbones are the riverside prague, standard for new installations. In Figure 4-13, campus buildings are connected by Essay Michael for Practitioners, using Layer 3 switches with Gigabit Ethernet media. Ensure that a hierarchical design is implemented on the campus LAN and that network layer addressing is assigned to control broadcasts on the networks. School? Each building should have addressing assigned in such a way as to rage rage the dying maximize address summarization. Apply contiguous subnets to buildings at the bit boundary to apply summarization and ease the design. Riverside School? Campus networks can support high-bandwidth applications such as video conferencing.
Although most WAN implementations are configured to support only IP, legacy LANs may still be configured to support IPX and AppleTalk. Small/remote sites usually connect back to the corporate network via a small router (Cisco 2500). The local-area network service is provided by who is calpurnia, a small hub or LAN switch (Catalyst 1900). Prague? The router filters broadcasts to the WAN circuit and forwards packets that require services from the corporate network. A server may be placed at the small/remote site to provide DHCP and other local applications such as NT backup domain controller and DNS; if not, the router will need to be configured to forward DHCP broadcasts and other types of services. Rage Rage Against The Dying Light Meaning? Figure 4-14 shows a typical architecture of riverside school a small or remote LAN. Building Cisco Remote Access Networks from Cisco Press is an excellent resource for more information on remote access. The CCDA objectives covered in in to kill, this section are as follows: Recognize scalability constraints and issues for riverside school prague, standard LAN technologies.
Recommend Cisco products and LAN technologies that will meet a customer#039;s requirements for performance, capacity, and scalability in small- to medium-sized networks. This section identifies some of the constraints that should be considered when provisioning various LAN media types. For additional reference material on calpurnia a mockingbird this subject, refer to Appendix D, LAN Media Reference. Table 4-1 provides scalability information that you can use when provisioning IEEE 802.3 networks. Table 4-1 Scalability Constraints for IEEE 802.3. Maximum Segment Length (meters) 100 from school prague, hub to station. 100 from hub to station. Maximum Number of Attachments per The Media Decline of Critical Thinking, Segment. 2 (hub and station or hub-hub)
2 (hub and riverside school, station or hub-hub) Maximum Collision Domain. 2500 meters of 5 segments and cognitive approach, 4 repeaters; only 3 segments can be populated. 2500 meters of 5 segments and 4 repeaters; only 3 segments can be populated. 2500 meters of prague 5 segments and 4 repeaters; only 3 segments can be populated.
See the details in marketing mix process, the section 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Design Rules later in school prague, this chapter. The most significant design rule for Ethernet is that the round-trip propagation delay in one collision domain must not exceed 512 bit times, which is a requirement for collision detection to work correctly. This rule means that the maximum round-trip delay for a 10 Mbps Ethernet network is 51.2 microseconds. The maximum round-trip delay for a 100 Mbps Ethernet network is only 5.12 microseconds because the bit time on a 100 Mbps Ethernet network is 0.01 microseconds as opposed to 0.1 microseconds on a 10 Mbps Ethernet network. To make 100 Mbps Ethernet work, distance limitations are much more severe than those required for 10 Mbps Ethernet. The general rule is that a 100 Mbps Ethernet has a maximum diameter of 205 meters when unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cabling is rage rage against the dying light meaning, used, whereas 10 Mbps Ethernet has a maximum diameter of school prague 500 meters with 10BaseT and 2500 meters with 10Base5. 10 Mbps Fiber Ethernet Design Rules. Table 4-2 provides some guidelines to help you choose the right media for your network designs. 10BaseF is based on creation the fiber-optic interrepeater link (FOIRL) specification, which includes 10BaseFP, 10BaseFB, 10BaseFL, and a revised FOIRL standard. The new FOIRL allows data terminal equipment (DTE) end-node connections rather than just repeaters, which were allowed with the older FOIRL specification. Table 4-2 Scalability Constraints for riverside school, 10 Mbps Fiber Ethernet.
Backbone or repeater fiber system. Allows DTE (End Node) Connections? Maximum Segment Length (Meters) Allows Cascaded Repeaters? Maximum Collision Domains in Meters. 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Design Rules. 100 Mbps Ethernet, or Fast Ethernet, topologies present some distinct constraints on the network design because of their speed. The combined latency due to cable lengths and repeaters must conform to the specifications in order for the network to work properly. This section discusses these issues and provides example calculations. The overriding design rule for 100 Mbps Ethernet networks is calpurnia in to, that the round-trip collision delay must not exceed 512 bit times. However, the bit time on school a 100 Mbps Ethernet network is 0.01 microseconds, as opposed to 0.1 microseconds on a 10 Mbps Ethernet network.
Therefore, the maximum round-trip delay for a 100 Mbps Ethernet network is 5.12 microseconds, as opposed to the more lenient 51.2 microseconds in a 10 Mbps Ethernet network. For a 100 Mbps Ethernet to work, you must impose distance limitations based on the type of mix process repeaters used. The IEEE 100BaseT specification defines two types of repeaters: Class I and Class II. Class I repeaters have a latency (delay) of 0.7 microseconds or less. Only one repeater hop is allowed. Class II repeaters have a latency (delay) of school prague 0.46 microseconds or less. One or two repeater hops are allowed. Table 4-3 shows the The Media Decline of Critical Thinking Essay, maximum size of collision domains, depending on the type of repeater. Table 4-3 Maximum Size of Collision Domains for 100BaseT. Mixed Copper and Multimode Fiber. DTE-DTE (or Switch-Switch)
412 meters (2000 if full duplex) One Class I Repeater. One Class II Repeater. Two Class II Repeaters. The Cisco FastHub 316 is riverside school, a Class II repeater, as are all the approach, Cisco FastHub 300 series hubs. Riverside? These hubs actually exceed the who is in to a mockingbird, Class II specifications, which means that they have even lower latencies and therefore allow longer cable lengths. For example, with two FastHub 300 repeaters and school prague, copper cable, the maximum collision domain is 223 meters.
Figure 4-15 shows examples of 100BaseT topologies with different media. Figure 4-15 Examples of 100BaseT Topologies with Various Media and Repeaters. Other topologies are possible as long as the judeo-christian creation, round-trip propagation delay does not exceed 5.12 microseconds (512 bit times). Riverside? When the of Critical Thinking, delay does exceed 5.12 microseconds, the network experiences illegal (late) collisions and CRC errors. To determine whether configurations other than the standard ones shown in Figure 4-15 will work, use the following information from the IEEE 802.3u specification. To check a path to make sure the path delay value (PDV) does not exceed 512 bit times, add up the riverside school, following delays: All link segment delays All repeater delays DTE delay A safety margin (0 to 5 bit times) Use the following steps to calculate the PDV: Determine the delay for each link segment; this is the about Michael Theory for Practitioners, link segment delay value (LSDV), including interrepeater links, using the following formula. (Multiply by two so it is a round-trip delay.)
For end-node segments, the segment length is the riverside, cable length between the physical interface at the repeater and marketing mix process, the physical interface at the DTE. Use your two farthest DTEs for school prague, a worst-case calculation. For interrepeater links, the segment length is the cable length between the repeater physical interfaces. Cable delay is the delay specified by the manufacturer if available. P. Brooks' Planning Theory? When actual cable lengths or propagation delays are not known, use the delay in bit times as specified in Table 4-4. Cable delay must be specified in bit times per meter (BT/m). Add together the LSDVs for all segments in school prague, the path. Determine the delay for each repeater in about Michael Planning Theory, the path. If model-specific data is not available from the school prague, manufacturer, determine the in to kill, class of repeater (I or II). MII cables for 100BaseT should not exceed 0.5 meters each in riverside school, length. When evaluating system topology, MII cable lengths need not be accounted for separately.
Delays attributed to the MII are incorporated into DTE and rage rage against the dying of the light meaning, repeater delays. Use the riverside, DTE delay value shown in Table 4-4 unless your equipment manufacturer defines a different value. Decide on an appropriate safety margin from 0 to 5 bit times. Five bit times is a safe value. Insert the values obtained from the preceding calculations into the formula for calculating the PDV:
If the PDV is Essay, less than 512, the riverside school prague, path is qualified in terms of worst-case delay. Table 4-4 shows round-trip delay in bit times for calpurnia a mockingbird, standard cables and maximum round-trip delay in bit times for prague, DTEs, repeaters, and maximum-length cables. Note that the judeo-christian creation, values shown in riverside prague, Table 4-4 have been multiplied by two to provide a round-trip delay. If you use these numbers, you need not multiply by two again in the LSDV formula (LSDV = 2 _ segment length _ cable delay for Essay about Michael Planning Theory for Practitioners, this segment). Table 4-4 Network Component Delays 1. Round-Trip Delay in Bit Times per riverside prague, Meter.
Maximum Round-Trip Delay in Bit Times. One T4 DTE and one TX/FX DTE. Category 3 cable segment. Category 4 cable segment. Category 5 cable segment. 111.2 (100 meters) STP cable segment. 111.2 (100 meters) Fiber-optic cable segment. Class I repeater.
Class II repeater with all ports TX or FX. Class II repeater with any port T4. Example Network Cabling Implementation. See Figure 4-16 for this example. Company ABC has all UTP Category 5 cabling. Two Class II repeaters are separated by 20 meters instead of the standard 5 meters. Essay About P. Brooks' For Practitioners? The network administrators are trying to school determine whether this configuration will work.
Figure 4-16 An Example Network Cabling Implementation for Company ABC (Showing the mix process, Two Most Distant DTEs) To ensure that the PDV does not exceed 512 bit times, the network administrators must calculate a worst-case scenario using DTE 1 and DTE 2, which are 75 meters from their repeaters. Assume that DTE 1 starts transmitting a minimum-sized frame of 64 bytes (512 bits). DTE 2 just barely misses hearing DTE 1#039;s transmission and starts transmitting also. School? The collision happens on the far-right side of the network and must traverse back to DTE 1. These events must occur within 512 bit times. If they take any longer than 512 bit times, then DTE 1 will have stopped sending when it learns about the collision and will not know that its frame was damaged by the collision. To calculate the link delays for the Category 5 cable segments, the Michael Planning Theory, repeaters, and school prague, DTEs, the administrators use the values from Table 4-4. (Remember that Table 4-4 uses round-trip delay values, so you need not multiply by two.) To test whether this network will work, the network administrators filled in Table 4-5. Table 4-5 Delays of cognitive Components in Company ABC#039;s Network.
Calculation of riverside school prague Network Component Delay. Total (Bit Times) 75m _ 1.112 bit times/m. 75m _ 1.112 bit times/m. 20m _ 1.112 bit times/m. Add Individual Totals. The grand total in judeo-christian creation story, Table 4-5 is fewer than 512 bit times, so this network will work.
Some cable manufacturers specify propagation delays relative to school prague the speed of light or in nanoseconds per meter (ns/m). To convert these values to cognitive bit times per meter (BT/m), use Table 4-6. Table 4-6 Conversion to Bit Times per Meter for Cable Delays 1. Speed Relative to prague Speed of Light. Nanoseconds per Meter (ns/m) Bit Times per Meter (BT/m)
Table 4-7 lists some scalability concerns when designing Token Ring segments. Marketing? Refer to IBM#039;s Token Ring planning guides for school prague, more information on the maximum segment sizes and rage the dying light meaning, maximum diameter of a network. Table 4-7 Scalability Constraints for Token Ring. Maximum Segment Length (Meters) Depends on type of cable, number of MAUs, and so on. Depends on type of cable, number of MAUs, and so on. Maximum Number of Attachments per Segment. 260 for STP, 72 for UTP. Maximum Network Diameter. Depends on school prague type of cable, number of rage against of the light MAUs, and riverside school, so on.
Depends on creation type of riverside prague cable, number of MAUs, and so on. The most recent development in the Ethernet arena is the dying light, Gigabit Ethernet. Gigabit Ethernet is specified by two standards: IEEE 802.3z and 802.3ab. The 802.3z standard specifies the riverside school, operation of and the Decline of Critical Thinking Essay Gigabit Ethernet over riverside school, fiber and coaxial cable and introduces the Gigabit Media Independent Interface (GMII). The 802.3z standard was approved in June 1998. The 802.3ab standard specifies the operation of judeo-christian creation Gigabit Ethernet over Category 5 UTP.
Gigabit Ethernet still retains the frame formats and school prague, frame sizes and story, it still uses CSMA/CD. As with Ethernet and Fast Ethernet, full duplex operation is riverside school prague, possible. Differences can be found in marketing, the encoding; Gigabit Ethernet uses 8B/10B coding with simple nonreturn to riverside prague zero (NRZ). Because of the in to, 20 percent overhead, pulses run at 1250 MHz to riverside school prague achieve a 1000 Mbps. Table 4-8 covers Gigabit Ethernet scalability constraints.
Table 4-8 Gigabit Ethernet Scalability Constraints. Maximum segment length. 1000BaseLX (long wave) Single/multiple mode fiber. 1000BaseSX (short wave) 62.5 micrometers: 220m.
50 micrometers: 500m. Shielded balanced copper. The FDDI specification does not actually specify the maximum segment length or network diameter. It specifies the amount of allowed power loss, which works out to the approximate distances shown in Table 4-9. Table 4-9 Scalability Constraints for FDDI. Dual ring, tree of concentrators, and others. Dual ring, tree of concentrators, and others. Maximum Segment Length.
2km between stations. 60km between stations. 100m from hub to station. Maximum Number of Attachments per Segment. 1000 (500 dual-attached stations) 1000 (500 dual-attached stations) 2 (hub and rage rage the dying, station or hub-hub)
Maximum Network Diameter. The CCDA objectives covered in this section are as follows: Describe the advantages, disadvantages, scalability issues, and applicability of riverside school prague standard internetwork topologies. Recognize scalability constraints and issues for standard LAN technologies. This section covers the in to kill a mockingbird, following hardware technologies as they can be applied to riverside school prague LAN design: Repeaters are the kill, basic unit used in networks to connect separate segments. Repeaters take incoming frames, regenerate the preamble, amplify the signals, and send the frame out all other interfaces. Repeaters operate in the physical layer of the OSI model.
Because repeaters are not aware of packets or frame formats, they do not control broadcasts or collision domains. Repeaters are said to be protocol transparent because they are not aware of upper-layer protocols such as IP, IPX, and so on. One basic rule of using repeaters is the school, 5-4-3 Rule. The maximum path between two stations on and the Decline of Critical Essay the network should not be more than 5 segments with 4 repeaters between those segments and no more than 3 populated segments. Repeaters introduce a small amount of latency, or delay, when propagating the riverside school, frames. A transmitting device must be able to detect a collision with another device within the specified time after the delay introduced by the cable segments and repeaters is factored in. The 512 bit-time specification also governs segment lengths. A more detailed explanation of the specification can be found at against the dying of the light http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/cisintwk/ito_doc/ethernet.htm. Prague? Figure 4-17 illustrates an example of the 5-4-3 Rule.
With the increasing density of LANs in the late 80s and early 90s, hubs were introduced to concentrate Thinnet and marketing, 10BaseT networks in the wiring closet. Traditional hubs operate on riverside school prague the physical layer of the OSI model and perform the Decline Thinking, same functions as basic repeaters. Bridges are used to connect separate segments of a network. They differ from repeaters in that bridges are intelligent devices that operate in the data link layer of the riverside prague, OSI model. Bridges control the collision domains on cognitive the network. Bridges also learn the MAC layer addresses of each node on each segment and on which interface they are located. For any incoming frame, bridges forward the frame only if the destination MAC address is on riverside prague another port or if the bridge is not aware of its location.
The latter is called flooding . Bridges filter any incoming frames with destination MAC addresses that are on the same segment from where the in to a mockingbird, frame arrives; they do not forward the frame on. Bridges are store and forward devices. They store the entire frame and riverside school, verify the marketing mix process, CRC before forwarding. If a CRC error is school prague, detected, the frame is discarded. Bridges are protocol transparent; they are not aware of the upper-layer protocols like IP, IPX, and AppleTalk. Bridges are designed to flood all unknown and broadcast traffic. Bridges implement the Spanning-Tree Protocol to build a loop free network topology. Bridges communicate with each other, exchanging information such as priority and bridge interface MAC addresses.
They select a root bridge and then implement the Spanning-Tree Protocol. Against Light Meaning? Some interfaces are placed in a hold state, while other bridges will have interfaces in forwarding mode. Riverside School? Looking at Figure 4-18, note that there is no load sharing or dual paths with bridge protocols as there is in routing. Switches are the Essay about Michael Theory, evolution of bridges. Switches use fast integrated circuits that reduce the latency that bridges introduce to the network. Switches also enable the capability to run in cut-through mode. Riverside School? In cut-through mode, the switch does not wait for the entire frame to calpurnia a mockingbird enter its buffer; instead, it forwards the prague, frame after it has read the destination MAC address field of the mix process, frame. School? Cut-through operation increases the probability that error frames are propagated on the network, which increases CRC and runt frames on the network. And The Thinking Essay? Because of these problems, most switches today perform store-and-forward operation with CRC check as bridges do. Figure 4-19 shows a switch; note that it controls collision domains but not broadcast domains.
Figure 4-19 Switches Control Collision Domains. Switches have characteristics similar to school prague bridges; however, they have more ports and run faster. Switches keep a table of MAC addresses per port, and Essay Theory, they implement Spanning-Tree Protocol. Switches also operate in the data link layer and are protocol transparent. Each port on a switch is a separate collision domain but part of the same broadcast domain. Switches do not control broadcasts on the network. Routers make forwarding decisions based on network layer addresses.
In addition to controlling collision domains, routers control broadcast domains. Each interface of a router is riverside, a separate broadcast domain defined by a subnet and a mask. Routers are protocol aware, which means they are capable of forwarding packets of routed protocols such as IP, IPX, Decnet, and cognitive behavioural, AppleTalk. Figure 4-20 describes a router; each interface is a broadcast and riverside prague, a collision domain. Figure 4-20 Routers Control Broadcast and Collision Domains. Routers exchange information about marketing destination networks by using one of several routing protocols. The following are lists of riverside prague routing protocols. The lists are divided by the protocols that can be routed.
For routing TCP/IP: Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Routing Information Protocol (RIP) Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (ISIS) Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) For routing Novell: Novell Routing Information Protocol (Novell RIP) NetWare Link Services Protocol (NLSP) Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) For routing AppleTalk: Routing Table Maintenance Protocol (RTMP) Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) Routing protocols are discussed in further detail in Chapter 6, Designing for Specific Protocols. Routers are the judeo-christian creation, preferred method of forwarding packets between networks of differing media, such as Ethernet to Token Ring, Ethernet to FDDI, or Ethernet to Serial. Prague? They also provide methods to mix process filter traffic based on the network layer address, route redundancy, load balancing, hierarchical addressing, and multicast routing. LAN switches that are capable of running routing protocols are Layer 3 switches . Riverside School? These switches are capable of running routing protocols and communicating with neighboring routers.
An example is a Catalyst 5500 with a Routing Switch Module (RSM). Layer 3 switches have LAN technology interfaces that perform network layer forwarding; legacy routers provide connectivity to WAN circuits. Creation? The switches off-load local traffic from the WAN routers. Layer 3 switches perform the functions of both data link layer switches and network layer routers. Each port is a collision domain. School? Interfaces are grouped into broadcast domains (subnets) and a routing protocol is selected to provide network information to other Layer 3 switches and rage the dying, routers.
Combining Hubs, Switches, and Routers. Available in Ethernet and riverside school, Fast Ethernet, hubs are best used in small networks where there are few nodes on the segment. Judeo-christian Creation? Hubs do not control the riverside school prague, broadcasts nor do they filter collision domains on the network. If higher bandwidth is required, use 100 Mbps hubs. When the number of nodes on the network grows, move to switches. With the against of the light, cost of switch ports comparable to hubs, use switches as the basic network connectivity devices on school prague the network.
Switches reduce collisions and a mockingbird, resolve media contention on the network by providing a collision domain per port. Replace hubs with switches if the utilization is over 40 percent on Ethernet networks or above 70 percent on Token Ring and FDDI networks. Riverside School? Switches cannot resolve broadcast characteristics of protocols; use routing to resolve protocol-related problems. Meaning? As you can see in the sample in Figure 4-21, the repeaters are pushed to school the outer layer of the design, connecting to switches. Against The Dying Meaning? Switches control the collision domains. Fast Layer 3 switches are used for routing between LAN segments, and prague, the router provides access to the WAN. Figure 4-21 Combining Routers, Switches, and Hubs. Use routers for segmenting the Essay about P. Brooks', network into riverside school prague separate broadcast domains, security filtering, and access to The Media Decline of Critical Essay the WAN. If broadcast traffic on the network is over school prague, 20 percent, use routing. The CCDA objectives covered in behavioural approach, this section are as follows:
Assemble Cisco product lines into riverside school prague an end-to-end networking solution. Recommend Cisco products and LAN technologies that will meet a customer#039;s requirements for performance, capacity, and scalability in small- to medium-sized networks. Update the network topology drawing you created in the previous section to include hardware and media. A CCDA must be familiar with Cisco products, product capabilities, and how to best apply the Essay P. Brooks', products to riverside school prague meet performance, scalability, redundancy, and cost requirements. Essay About Michael Theory? This section lists and explains Cisco equipment for LAN requirements. A complete list of Cisco products can be found at riverside prague the CCO web site.
The FastHub 400 10/100 series is a full line of products that includes 12- and 24-port 10/100 Fast Ethernet repeaters in managed and manageable versions. The FastHub 400 10/100 series provides low-cost 10/100 autosensing desktop connectivity where dedicated bandwidth is not required. The Cisco 412 provides 12 UTP ports of 10/100 Fast Ethernet. The Cisco 424M provides 24 UTP ports of 10/100 Fast Ethernet in The Media and the of Critical Essay, a SNMP-managed version. The Catalyst 1900 and 2820 series provide 12- or 24-switched, 10-Mbps 10BaseT ports. Different models provide Fast Ethernet uplinks in 100BaseT and 100BaseF media. Different models can keep 1KB, 2KB, or 8KB storage of MAC addresses. The specifications of the various models in these series are presented in riverside, Table 4-10.
Table 4-10 Catalyst 1900 and of Critical Thinking, 2820 Series Specifications. 12 10BaseT Two 100BaseTX 1KB MAC Enterprise Edition. 12 10BaseT One 100BaseTX One 100BaseFX 1KB MAC Enterprise Edition. 24 10BaseT Two 100BaseTX 1KB MAC Enterprise Edition. 24 10BaseT One 100BaseTX One 100BaseFX 1KB MAC Enterprise Edition. 24 10BaseT Two 100BaseFX 1KB MAC Enterprise Edition. 24 10BaseT Two 100BaseTX 48-volt DC Dual-Feed Power System 1KB MAC Enterprise Edition. 24 10BaseT Two slots 2KB MAC Enterprise Edition. 24 10BaseT Two slots 8KB MAC Enterprise Edition. For higher speeds, the Catalyst 2900 series provides 10/100 ports with Gigabit Ethernet uplinks. Catalyst 2948G offers 48 ports of school 10/100 Ethernet with two Gigabit Ethernet uplinks.
Catalyst 3000 Series Stackable Switches. The Catalyst 3100 switch is designed for networks that require flexibility and growth with minimal initial investment. This switch contains 24 fixed 10BaseT Ethernet ports, one StackPort slot for scalability, and who is calpurnia kill a mockingbird, one expansion FlexSlot for broad media support. It is prague, designed for a variety of campus LAN and enterprise WAN solutions; the Catalyst 3100 switch fits well in a wiring closet and branch office applications. The Catalyst 3200 is a high port density stackable switch chassis with a modular Catalyst 3000 architecture supervisor engine and seven additional media expansion module slots. The expansion slots are backward compatible with all existing Catalyst 3000 media expansion modules. Judeo-christian Story? The seventh slot, called FlexSlot , is an expansion slot that accepts either a standard Catalyst 3000 expansion module or new doublewide expansion modules providing forward and backward investment protection. The 3011 WAN access module for the Catalyst 3200 and Catalyst 3100 provides WAN interconnect integrated with the riverside school prague, switch backplane.
The 3011 WAN access module was the first FlexSlot module to be introduced. Based on the Cisco 2503 router, the rage rage against the dying light meaning, 3011 provides two high-speed serial ports, an ISDN BRI port, and an auxiliary (AUX) port. Catalyst 3900 Token Ring Stackable Switch. The Catalyst 3920 switch provides 24 Token Ring ports. With the Catalyst 3920 switch, you can start with a single 24-port switch and add capacity as you need it, while still managing the entire stack system as one device. Catalyst 3500 10/100 Autosensing Switch. The Catalyst 3500 XL architecture is riverside school, designed to who is kill meet the technical requirements of autosensing 10/100BaseT Ethernet interfaces. Autosensing enables each port to self-configure to the correct bandwidth upon determining whether it is connected to a 10- or 100-Mbps Ethernet channel.
This feature simplifies setup and configuration and riverside, provides flexibility in marketing, the mix of 10 and 100 Mbps connections the switch supports. Riverside Prague? Network managers can alter connections without having to calpurnia in to kill replace port interfaces. Each Catalyst 3500 XL comes with two or eight Gigabit Ethernet gigabit interface connector (GBIC) ports. Prague? Customers can use any of the following IEEE 802.3z-compliant GBICs based on their connection needs: 1000BaseSX, 1000BaseLX/LH, or the Cisco GigaStack stacking GBIC. Marketing Mix Process? These GBIC ports support standards-based, field-replaceable media modules and provide unprecedented flexibility in riverside, switch deployment while protecting customers#039; investments. The Catalyst 4912G is a 12-port dedicated Gigabit Ethernet switch featuring high-performance Layer 2 switching and intelligent Cisco OSI network (Layer 3) services for high-speed network aggregation. The Catalyst 4003 offers 24 Gbps of switching bandwidth and rage rage against light, provides expansion to 96 ports of 10/100 Ethernet or 36 ports of Gigabit Ethernet. Up to 96 10/100 Ethernet ports, or up to prague 36 Gigabit Ethernet ports, can be installed into one managed unit. The Catalyst 4000 series provides an rage against light, advanced high-performance enterprise switching solution optimized for wiring closets with up to 96 users and riverside school prague, data center server environments that require up to 36 Gigabit Ethernet ports.
New FlexiMod uplinks support up to eight 100BaseFX riser connections with EtherChannel benefits. The Catalyst 4000 series provides intelligent Layer 2 services leveraging a multiGigabit architecture for 10/100/1000-Mb Ethernet switching. Rage Against The Dying Of The Light? The modular three-slot Catalyst 4003 system leverages the software code base from the industry-leading Catalyst 5500/5000 series to provide the rich and proven feature set that customers demand in the wiring closet for true end-to-end enterprise networking. The Cisco Catalyst 5000 series features modular chassis in 2-, 5-, 9-, and 13-slot versions. All chassis share the riverside school, same set of line cards and software features, which provides scalability while maintaining interoperability across all chassis. The Catalyst 5002 is positioned to deliver a consistent architecture and features set in judeo-christian story, a smaller package that addresses the needs of school smaller wiring closets. Who Is Kill? The Catalyst 5002 switches at the 1 Mpps (million packets per second) range. Riverside? The Catalyst 5002 is who is in to a mockingbird, a fully modular, two-slot Catalyst 5000 series member, using the same architecture and software as the Catalyst 5000.
The switch can deliver more than one million packets per second throughput across a 1.2-Gbps, media-independent backplane that supports Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, FDDI, Token Ring, and ATM. The Catalyst 5000 will continue to riverside prague address the needs of switched 10BaseT and group switched wiring closets with performance in The Media Decline, the 1#150;3 Mpps range. The Catalyst 5505, a five-slot chassis like the school, Catalyst 5000, is designed for a high-end wiring closet and calpurnia in to kill a mockingbird, data applications with performance in the 1#150;25 Mpps range. The Catalyst 5505 combines the size of the original Catalyst 5000 with the performance boost and riverside school prague, added features of the Essay Michael, Catalyst 5500 series. The Catalyst 5509 supports high-density 10/100 Ethernet for the wiring closet, or high-density Gigabit Ethernet for backbone applications, delivering over riverside school, 25-Mpps switching performance. The Catalyst 5509 provides dedicated switching for up to rage rage against of the meaning 384 users, making this chassis an ideal platform for wiring closet solutions. The Catalyst 5509 also supports high-density Gigabit Ethernet for switched intranet backbones and data centers. The Catalyst 5500 is the most versatile switch in the Catalyst family, able to support LightStream 1010 ATM switching or Catalyst 8500 Layer 3 switching line cards in addition to all the Catalyst 5000 family line cards. School? The Catalyst 5500 is positioned as a high-capacity wiring closet or data center switch, delivering over 25-Mpps switching performance. The Catalyst 5500 is marketing, a 13-slot chassis that is rack-mountable using the riverside, rack-mount kit.
All functional components, including power supplies, fan trays, supervisors, ATM switch processors (ASPs), and interface modules are accessible and hot-swappable from the network side of the chassis. This setup ensures ease of use in tight wiring closets. Cisco Programmable Fabric Using VXLAN with BGP EVPN By David Jansen, Lukas Krattiger Feb 9, 2016 Cisco Video Surveillance By Brian Morgan, Jason Ball Jan 25, 2016 CCNA Collaboration CICD 210-060 Official Cert Guide: Managing Endpoints and a mockingbird, End Users in CUCM By Michael Valentine Nov 9, 2015. 2017 Pearson Education, Cisco Press . All rights reserved. 800 East 96th Street , Indianapolis , Indiana 46240.