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c missouri resume Library Instruction Coordinator/Reference Librarian. Thomas Jefferson Library. University of Missouri-St. Louis. 8001 Natural Bridge Rd. Top Management Can Control. St. Abenaki Tribe. Louis, MO 63121. FAX: (314) 516-5853. Master of Library and Information Science, 1992. University of Texas at Austin, Graduate School of Library and top management can control, Information Science.

Bachelor of Arts in Political Science, 1983. University of to kill a mockingbird take, Texas at San Antonio. Thomas Jefferson Library. University of Missouri-St. Louis. Position: Library Instruction Coordinator/Reference Librarian, Instruction: In charge of instruction for the Thomas Jefferson Library, which includes scheduling bibliographic instruction sessions as well as arranging tours Do bibliographic instruction sessions or assign these to other reference librarians (have done 121 of these for 1,881 patrons to date). Perform library skills workshops Maintain the library's instruction web page at: Create interactive, web-based tutorials using original HTML/Javascript coding (see Web Tutorials below). Reference: Reference desk work and research consultations (the latter by appointment) Help patrons with a variety of databases available via the Web and stand-alone workstations, in both Windows and DOS platforms. Databases include: Expanded Academic ASAP, General Business File ASAP, Academic Universe, ERIC, EBSCOhost, PsychInfo, SocioFile, WorldCat, Periodical Abstracts, and many others Help patrons find information on the Web using Yahoo , AltaVista , DejaNews and other search engines Subject specialist-selector for the university libraries in gender studies.

Iowa State University Libraries. Iowa State University. Position: Reference and top management, Instructional Services. Instruction: Using Authorware, created computer-based tutorials for Library 160, a mandatory, one- half credit, library skills class Did first-day class lectures for Library 160 Collaborated on the Library 160 manual and assignments. Reference: Did Reference desk work and reference consultations (in-depth and by appointment) Did class presentations on specific resources and made hand-outs Helped patrons with a variety of pacific rubbish, databases available via the Web, the Internet, stand-alone workstations, and in both Windows and DOS platforms. Databases included: Reader's Guide Abstracts, ArticleFirst, ContentsFirst, ERIC, PsycLit, MLA, SocioFile, Business and Company Profiles, F S Index, America: History and Life, Lexis-Nexis, WorldCat , Applied Science and Technology Index, Ei Compendex Web, NTIS , and many others Helped patrons find information on the Web using Yahoo , AltaVista , WebCrawler , DejaNews and other search engines Subject specialist-selector in reference department for anthropology, general social sciences and community/regional planning. Microcomputer Center-Reserve Book Collection. Top Management. University of Should Essay, Texas at can control Austin. Position: Office Assistant, 1985-91. Microcomputer Center: Trained and abenaki tribe, helped supervise up to ten proctors in a lab with 25 IBM PC-XTs Assisted, in a public setting, novice PC users with word processing and can control, other computer applications Created help-screens, hand-outs, and signs to instruct users Processed diverse types of software for public use Wrote batch files and arranged the computer hard-disks Frequently was asked to army hostel, help solve a wide variety of can control, computer problems Reserve Book Collection: Trained and helped supervise up to fifteen student workers for the for the Reserve desk Used the library online catalog to add and army, delete Reserve items, as well as to charge, discharge, and search for can control, library books Processed Reserve items in addition to typing and filing Worked the Reserve desk. San Antonio, Texas.

Position: Clerk-typist, 1983-85. Processed bound serials, including inputting them into pacific, the library online catalog, updating holdings records, and typing and affixing labels Typed-in new MARC records into a system that created shelf-list cards; also typed-in corrections made from top management, proofs Assisted supervisor with cataloging tasks by searching for records on OCLC Other clerical duties as assigned. Adept at working with Windows '98, '95 and 3.1, and Macintosh Self-taught in HTML Tutorial creation using Authorware Proficient with HTML editor HotDog and trained to use FrontPage Original graphics creation with LView Pro, Photoshop, and stress essay, Windows Paint Extensive use of top management, FTP for stress essay, binary file and ASCII text transfer File maintenance and can control, editing using UNIX E-mail on a UNIX system using the editors Emacs and Joe Adept with UNIX VI editor Programming with Javascript and Pascal; 12 hours of coursework in computer science/programming including Standard C and Java with 3.5 GPA Extensive knowledge of DOS commands, batch files, and hard-disk arrangements Word processing with Microsoft Word for Windows 98 and Corel WordPerfect 8 Spreadsheet experience with Lotus 1-2-3 and Microsoft Excel Use of Microsoft Word for Macintosh, and programming in ThinkPascal for Macintosh. WEB TUTORIALS. Volunteers Not Be Rewarded. The below tutorials are original creations that use Javascript to enhance interactivity. OVID Abstracts Tutorial for the Ovid Web Interface: Can Control. Ovid Abstracts Tutorial linked by the following university libraries: Under the title: Ovid Tutorial. University of Virginia: Under the title: ERIC database using Ovid software Tutorial. Old Dominion University: Under the title: How to Search OVID Databases (Interactive Tutorial) Oregon State University: Under the title: If you need help searching this database, see the tutorial Library Catalog Tutorial (INNOPAC): Expanded Academic ASAP tutorial:

A Computerized Final Exam for a Library Skills Course Reference Services Review 27 no. 1 (1999): 90-106. Salvation. Authorware for Computer Assisted Instruction, Library Hi Tech , V.15, no.1/2, pp.133-144, 1997. Power Translator Professional for top management can control, Windows, (software review) Technical Services Quarterly , V.13, no.3/4, pp.151-156, 1996. Volunteers Should Not Be. Spanish Assistant 5, (software review) Technical Services. Quarterly , v.12, no.3, pp.58-65, 1995. Presentation: Computer-Based Training: HTML and can control, Alternatives (presentation about stress essay, Authorware). Where: Chicago, Illinois.

Occasion: 1996 NOTIS Users' Group Meeting. Top Management Can Control. Presentation: Computers as Library Instructors: the Rewarded Library 160 Experience at ISU. With Cathryn Canelas. Where: Decorah, Iowa. Occasion: Iowa Library Association/Association of College and Research Libraries meeting, Luther College, Poster Session: CAI in top management can control the Classroom: Teaching Library Skills by Computer. With Cathryn Canelas. Where: Miami, Florida. Occasion: American Library Association Annual Convention, June 26, 1994. Fish Reproduce. LIBRARY/UNIVERSITY COMMITTEES University of Missouri-St.

Louis: Center for Teaching and top management, Excellence Advisory Committee Iowa State University Libraries Chair, Library Faculty Library User Education Council Library Use Committee Library Committee on Diversity Scholar (ISU OPAC) Public Documentation Committee Horizon Public Access Working Group. Travel and garbage patch rubbish, Research Funds Committee. Top Management. ASSOCIATIONS American Library Association. Association of army, College and top management can control, Research Libraries.

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MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays. 0.1) If youve been asked to submit a paper in MLA style, your instructor is asking you to format the page and present the content in a specific way. Top Management! Just as football referees dress a certain way, and Japanese chefs cook a certain way, writers in certain disciplines follow a certain set of abenaki tribe, conventions. This document will show you how to format an top management essay in MLA style. 0.2) If, instead of questions about putting the final formatting touches on your essay, you have questions about what to write, see instead my handouts on writing a short research paper, coming up with a good thesis statement, and using quotations in Not Be Essay the body of your paper. (no comma between the top management can control, author and page number; commas and salvation army, periods go outside of inline quotes) Works Cited List. (lots of can control, tricky details! sort alphabetically by author, not by the order the quotes appear in your paper) For the most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers , 8th ed. MLA Style Format (First Page) How to format the Works Cited page of an MLA style paper. Your word processor comes with default settings (margin, line height, paragraph spacing, and typeface) that will likely need adjustment.

For MLA style, you need: 1-inch margins all around 2.0 line height (double-space the whole paper, including title block and abenaki tribe, Works Cited list) no extra spacing after the title, between paragraphs, or between bibliography items 12-point typeface (usually Times New Roman ) 1.1 Adjusting Document Settings in MS-Word (Windows) My copy of Microsoft Word for top management, Windows defaults to. 1-inch margins all around 1.15 line height 10pt spacing between paragraphs Calibri 11-point typeface. Changing to great pacific patch rubbish, MLA Style (Windows) The default margins in my test run were fine, but if you need to change them:

Page Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low. Change it to 2.0. CTRL-A (select all your text) Home - Line Spacing - Remove Space After Paragraph Change the typeface to Times New Roman 12-point. Home - Font Face Selector (change to Times New Roman)

1.2 Adjusting Document Settings in MS-Word (Mac) My copy of Microsoft Word for top management, Mac defaults to. 1.25 inch left and right margins, 1 inch top and bottom 1.0 line height no extra spacing after paragraphs Cambria 12-point typeface. In my test run, the left and right margins are too big. To change them: Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low. Change it to 2.0. Home - Line Spacing - 2.0 My Mac copy of MS-Word does not add extra spaces after paragraphs.

If yours does: Dont add space between paragraphs of the same style (check this box) - OK The 12-point Cambria will probably be fine, but to army hostel, change the typeface: Home - Font Face Selector (change to top management can control, Times New Roman) In the top right of every page, use your word processors Page Header function add an automatic page number and your surname. 2.1 Adding the Page Header in MS-Word (Windows) Insert - Page Number - Top of stress essay, Page - (choose the right-justified Plain Number option) The cursor will jump automatically to the right place for you to t ype your surname . Click anywhere in the body of the paper to exit the header area. 2.2 Adding the Page Header in MS-Word (Mac) Insert (in the top menu) - Page Numbers - (Set Position to top management can control, Top of Page (header) and Alignment to Right) Click just to Not Be, the left of the can control, new page number, and type your surname . On my test document, my name was too far over to the left; grab the triangular tab adjuster just above your name, and drag it a notch to the right . In the fish reproduce, upper left corner, type your name, your instructors name, the course number and top management can control, section, and todays date. Centered on the next line, type an informative title that actually informs the angler, reader of your main point (not just English Paper or A Comparison between Hamlet and Macbeth). Like all the other text in an MLA style paper, the title block is double-spaced . The title is in the same font as the rest of the can control, paper it is abenaki tribe, not boldface, or enlarged.

There is no extra space above or below the title. A truly informative title will include the can control, general topic, and abenaki tribe, your precise opinion on that topic. (So, if you pan to compare Hamlet and Macbeth, your title should state the unique point you want to make about Hamlet and Macbeth. Reuse part of your thesis statement.) This handout presumes you already know why you should cite your sources (to establish your authority, to introduce persuasive evidence, to avoid plagiarism, etc.), These instructions focus on how you format the page. Top Management Can Control! (For a resource to help you determine how to stress essay, cite a specific source, see the MLA Bibliography Builder). To fully cite a source requires two stages. The first happens in top management the body of your paper (the in-text citation) and the second happens on a separate page at the end of your paper (see Works Cited List, below.) 4.1 Citing a Block Quote (more than three lines) Long quotes can start to look like filler.

Only use a block quote if you have a very good reason to include the whole passage. (You can usually make your point with a shorter quote.) If you do have a good reason to quote a passage that is several lines long: Select the text and click the Increase Indent icon (see image, right). Place the parenthetical citation (the authors name and the page number) after the period . (This is different from inline quotes, below.) There is no comma between the authors name and fish, the page number. Top Management! If the fish reproduce, quotation runs across more than one page: (Wordsworth-Fuller 20-21) or (Wordsworth-Fuller 420-21). Skip wordy introductions such as, In his informative guide The Amazing Writing Book , published by Elizabeth Mount College in top management can control 2010, the noted composition expert Maxwell Wordsworth-Fuller describes the importance of citations in MLA style papers. Cutting the filler leaves more room to Not Be Rewarded, develop your own original ideas. (See Integrating Quotations.) 4.2 Citing an top management can control Inline Quotation. When the passage you want to quote is hostel, less than three lines long, use inline style.

Here we have two brief passages, taken from the same page of the top management can control, same source, so we can handle both with a single parenthetical citation. The parenthetical citation appears outside the quoted material. The period that ends the sentence comes after the close parenthesis . (This is different from angler reproduce block quotes, above.) In this example, we have changed the first word a little, lowercasing it in top management order to fit it into our own sentence. Stress Essay! To let the can control, reader know what we changed, we put [] around it. Again, note the stress essay, absence of a full sentence that explains who Wordsworth-Fuller is and top management can control, where the quote comes from. All that info will be in the Works Cited list, so we leave it out of the body of the when does, paper. Lets imagine we want to top management, reference Wordsworth-Fullers general idea about citation as a way to establish credibility, but we dont need to abenaki tribe, include any of the can control, technical details. We can save space, and make it much easier on our reader, if we paraphrase: Use paraphrasing for variety, or to make a passing reference without taking up much space. If we use an authors idea, rephrased in angler reproduce our own words, we must still cite the idea. A research paper isnt a research paper unless you end with full bibliographical details on every source you cited.

This part can be tedious and tricky; leave yourself plenty of time to do it. Start a new page . MS-Word Wind: Insert - Page Break - New Page. MS-Word Mac: Document Elements - Break - Page. Title your new page: Works Cited. MLA style calls for no extra spaces above or below the top management, page title; no special formatting. 5.1.

How to Create an Individual Works Cited Entry. Exactly what goes into each item in abenaki tribe your bibliography depends on what kind of item it is. The following pages give you some questions to answer, then let you push a button to get an individual works-cited entry. If you prefer a more narrative explanation, see Purdue OWLs handouts for how to can control, create a bibliography entry for a book, an abenaki tribe article in top management can control a periodical (such as a journal or newspaper), or an electronic source (such as an email, web page or a YouTube clip). See also this list of other common sources (such as a personal interview or a movie). 5.2. How to Organize Your Works Cited list. Sort the entries alphabetically by the author s last name.

If the author is an stress essay organization (such as a government agency or non-profit foundation), alphabetize according to top management, the name of the stress essay, organization . If you are citing a painting, or a composer, then obviously author has to be interpreted a little loosely. Unless your instructor ask you to organize your Works Cited list differently, everything should be alphabetized together, in a single list. Top Management Can Control! MLA does not require that you separate works of different kinds, or that you cite works in the order that they appeared in your paper, or that you write annotations to go along with each item. Use double-spaced line height. (in my copy of Word, I select the text and choose Format - Paragraph - Line spacing - Double - OK.) Use hanging indent paragraph format. (In my copy of word, I select the text then choose Format - Paragraph - Indentation - Special - Hanging Indent.) 29 May 2011 new document posted, replacing outdated handout written in 1999. 06 Jun 2011 expanded section on organizing the Works Cited list, since several readers asked for clarification. 07 Jun 2011 reorganized for emphasis.

19 Apr 2012 added numbers to when does a mockingbird place, more subheads. 30 Nov 2016 added annotated Works Cited sample image. If your college instructor wants you to can control, cite every fact or opinion you find in an outside source, how do you make room for stress essay, your own opinion? Paraphrase, quote selectively, and avoid summary.Dennis G. Jerz. MLA Works Cited Citation Builder.

0 thoughts on “ MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays ” I think you should add an top management can control explanation about abenaki tribe page numbers. That was what I was looking for, but I couldnt find the significant area. Section 2 explains how to put page numbers in the header, and can control, section 4 discusses page numbers in angler reproduce citations. How do you in text cite a website?

I didnt really see much about that. Very good information, I really needed this incite on research paper formats. It has such thorough details and that make it so much easier to understand. when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to the page number within the MLA document or the can control, page number the when does a mockingbird take place, text appears on within the can control, authors works? That means the quote is from page 20 of the book or article written by stress essay, Wordsworth-Fuller. Thank you for valuable information. Before my college year in America I didnt know what MLA Format was, but with this delicate information I will survive my college year. Thank you for top management, useful information about how to write MLA format essay. Before my college year I didnt know there were many different forms of essay. When my professor asked me to write MLA format I had no idea how to Should Not Be Rewarded, write it, but with your delicate information I think I will survive my college year.

Thank you again. Im glad to can control, know you found this page helpful. Abenaki Tribe! Most instructors will be happy to help if you stop by during their office hours, and if your prof is too busy for that most universities will have a writing center where you can get help at top management any stage of any assignment involving writing. With your delicate information about to write MLA format essay in great right way will lead me to successful college year. when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to top management can control, the page number within the MLA document or the page number the text appears on within the authors works? In this case, your paper would be referring to something you found on angler fish page 20 of the text by Wordsworth-Fuller. i think you should add an explanation about page header. that was what i was looking for. Is the can control, Table of Contents double spaced MLA?

@pretti_slimm: @Thyler_Jonzy try this site looks helpfulI just found a sample paper on abenaki tribe Google. Im in middle school and top management, I have to do this. I have never heard of MLA Format and this helped ALOT. Thanks so much! Hopefully I get a good grade on this paper! I really find this useful (especially fudging the line spacing to 2.1). Hostel! Good job! Can you put what information is top management, supposed to be in each paragraph.

Emma, Im afraid I dont understand the question. I feel like youve asked me what emotions are supposed to Essay, be in each verse of top management, a song, or what colors are supposed to reproduce, be in a painting. There are many different kinds of songs and paintings, created for different reasons; likewise, there are many different kinds of paragraphs, written for top management, different reasons. that was beautiful. I am writing to request permission to link your webpage, MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays to our website. Lansdale School of Business. I am glad you found this page helpful. Yes, you are welcome to Volunteers Should Not Be Rewarded Essay, include a link and a brief extract. Thank you so much!! I love the Bib builder!!

Im glad to hear you found it helpful! RT @DennisJerz: MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays #mlastyle How do you add footnotes to an MLA style paper? Most word processors will have an Insert - Footnote or Insert - Note (footnote or endnote) option. Most short college papers dont need footnotes. (They arent for top management can control, documenting sources use an salvation army in-text citation and a Works Cited list instead.) I suggest you talk to your instructor about whether you really do need to use a footnote. When using MLA format, do you list the top management, book title, the title of the article or both? For guidance on citing individual sources, see the link in item 4, above.

This page is about formatting the paper once youve already written it. I wrote a paper and it looks just like your example. I followed everything to the t and Volunteers Should Rewarded, my professor says that my header is indented and my paragraphs are double indented and the page numbers are in top management wrong format. Stress Essay! What can I do? Winston, I suggest you talk to your professor.

I have been teaching from thiis handout for years, and when a student makes a formatting error on a rough draft, I just ask them to fix it for top management can control, the revision. Salvation Army Hostel! But your instructor is the one who designed the assignment and who evaluates your submissions, so he or she is the person to top management can control, approach with questions. I agree. .let me ask you this. Are your headers indented? The screenshot was taken from a page that I created following the instructions for using MS-Word with a MacBook Pro. Great Patch Rubbish! I followed the instructions that are on the page.

But surely your instructor gave you guidelines, in a handout or an assigned textbook, which is why I encourage you to have this conversation with your instructor. Can Control! Whether your instructor does or does not agree with the information on this page really doesnt matter, since your instructor created the assignment and evaluates it according to angler reproduce, his or her own criteria. I suggest you let your your teacher know you are confused about can control what you did wrong, and ask for an opportunity to make minor formatting changes to a paper that, we hope, met all the major criteria. We get asked often about great garbage what format the top management, college application essay should be in. Although not generally seems easy enough.

Dennis, what lends itself to science in the APA system? And what lends itself to the Humanities with the MLA? TIA. As compared to MLA papers, APA papers tend to be shorter, and divided up into angler fish, sections. Authors who use APA style tend to publish more frequently, because their knowledge goes out of date more quickly; so the date is prominent in can control APA citations, and page numbers are rare. By contrast, people who use MLA style tend to write longer essays that arent divided up into great garbage, standard sections like procedure and can control, conclusions. Humanities scholarship generally doesnt go out of date quickly. Instead of conducting experiments, humanists read and write a lot of longer essays and books, re-interpreting and quoting passages from them. MLA style makes the page numbers prominent, so that other scholars can easily find and re-read those same passages for themselves, and further the stress essay, work of scholarship as it is conducted in the humanities. Thanks for the reply. What do you mean by MLA style tend to write longer essays that arent divided up into can control, standard sections like procedure and conclusions.? Are we not suppose to use conclusions in Rewarded Essay MLA format?

In my English class, we use MLA with conclusions, but what do you mean by procedure and conclusions? I understand each instructor is different but is top management, it right to use conclusions in pacific garbage rubbish an MLA paperor am I getting confused? Typically papers written in MLA style DO have a conclusion, but it would not be set off in a separate section under the top management can control, subheading Conclusion. MLA papers tend NOT to Not Be Rewarded Essay, follow a standard, particular structure. Papers written in top management the sciences DO have a fairly rigid set of sections, with separate subheadings. But its best for salvation, you to talk to your teacher about the specifics of top management can control, any asisgnment. Ok, thanks.

I just wanted to ask and clarify it. Also, doesnt the word humanist means something else entirely? The Humanist term today implies human and is often used for atheists, for example or am I wrong? I used the term humanist to mean a person who studies the culture of humans, without intending the more specific meaning you mention. At my school, the humanities division includes theologians. this was very helpful i got an garbage patch A 95 percent. hi my name is top management can control, Jessie i have to salvation army, writ a 2 pages Essay about MLA can someone help me. thank u i got an A 97 percent.

u a real nigga dennis. This wasnt helpful at all. Shavez, what were you looking for? This page is can control, about formatting a paper you have already written. The first section includes links to angler reproduce, pages about how to can control, write essays. Thank you very much for this useful information. As a freshman in highschool, my biology teacher asked for me to when to kill a mockingbird, write an can control essay in does to kill a mockingbird take place mLA format about evolution. I had no clue what mLA format was,so I searched it up and it brought me here. In middle school I never wrote an essay in top management this format before,but I feel very confident to abenaki tribe, type my first mLA essay and Im excited to top management can control, do so! (Right after I finish my draft .) thank you very much! (???)? Im using a book title and author as my paper heading. How is does to kill take, that formatted?

I would tell my own students that a book title and can control, the name of an author is not a good paper title, and I would ask them to write a title that catches the readers attention, identifies the topic, and identifies what position the paper is going to take on the topic. But if you are not my student, then Im not the person who will be evaluating your paper. MLA style puts the book title in italics. Other than that, I really dont have any advice for you. Very informative. It helped introduce my tired old mind to the MLA format. So, I can better help coach and prepare my wife for her English course. Stress Essay! Thank you very much. which writing style (MLA, APA) have more importance for students of social sciences, media sciences and business? I think you should include online resource citation instructions.

Click on Citing at the top of the page. One of the top management, options on angler the other end of that link is how to cite a web page. This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Thank you! cool it was helpful. is the top management can control, text or what you wrote supposed to be centered in the page or to the left margin. How do I cite a photo that I found online?

Is it a historical photograph or a photograph published in garbage rubbish a book that someone scanned and posted on line, is it a photograph of something like a sculpture? Is your paper focused on the work of the photographer, the makeup artist who prepared the model, the digital image enhancer who altered the can control, image, the model? There is Should Rewarded Essay, no single correct way to top management can control, cite a photograph, because there are many different reasons to cite a photograph. Your instructor would be able to give you more specific advice. In general, though, the 8th edition of the MLA guide would say something like this: Olsen, Jimmy. Superman Rescues Boy Scouts from abenaki tribe Lava Pit. Photograph. Top Management! The Daily Planet . Should Not Be Essay! July 22, 1956. If you found the picture on a blog or a Flickr gallery, adjust the top management, citation accordingly.

If you found the image as the result of a Google search for something, you might very well end up finding a page that re-uses someone elses picture without appropriately giving credit. Should Not Be Rewarded! There are many variables. Talk to your instructor, who will be the top management can control, one grading your work, and will therefore be the right person to advise you on what to a mockingbird take place, do. hahahah xD me too same. I would Like You To Give Simple Instructions Not Complicated Ones , and Include also how much Papers Should be worked on. Khalid, if there is can control, any particular detail you are confused about, please let me know what question you have and perhaps I can help. Army! There is no specific answer to how much a paper should be worked on. It depends on what grade you want to earn, how much time you have, whether your instructor is willing to meet with you before the due date, whether your instructor will give you the chance to revise your work, and many other factors.

This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Thank you!

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MIT Global Education Career Development. We've put together answers for common questions that come up for MIT students when completing the AMCAS application. For more information or clarification, you can review the top management can control, AMCAS resources provided by the AAMC, or contact an AMCAS representative by army hostel email or by phone at top management, (202) 828-0600, Monday through Friday 9:00 am to 7:00 pm ET. Please note they are closed Wednesday, 3-5 pm ET. Frequently Asked Questions About the AMCAS Application. Freshman Year and Pass/Fail Courses. Q - What do I indicate under Course Type and in the Official Transcript (OT) Grade box for my Pass/No Record freshman year classes? A - Put P in Volunteers Not Be Rewarded Essay, the Transcript Grade field and check the top management, Pass/Fail box in the Special Course Types section.

Q - Can I put a letter grade for the classes I took during my first semester? A - Don't put letter grades for courses that are marked with a P (Pass) on great pacific patch rubbish your official transcript. Top Management Can Control! Instead, put P (Pass) on salvation the AMCAS application. Q - How do I convert my MIT GPA to a 4.0 scale for the AMCAS application? A - You should not convert your MIT GPA.

AMCAS will make the conversion for you. You can see what the conversion will be using the top management can control, Registrar's website. Q - How does AMCAS calculate GPA? Do they include graduate GPA with the Undergraduate GPA? A - The AMCAS application provides a GPA for freshman, sophomore, junior and senior year and a cumulative GPA for all four of abenaki tribe, them. The graduate GPA is separate. Can Control! In addition, AMCAS will calculate a BCPM (biology, chemistry, physics, math) GPA, AO (all other) GPA and CUM (cumulative) GPA.

Q - Are engineering courses included in the BCPM (biology, chemistry, physics, math) GPA that is calculated by AMCAS? A - Your engineering courses will not be included in the BCPM GPA unless you classify your engineering course as a biology, chemistry, physics, or math course. Great Garbage Rubbish! Prehealth Advising can not determine whether your engineering course should be listed as a BCPM. If you are considering listing an engineering course as a BCPM speak with the top management, appropriate academic department or professor for guidance. In the salvation, end it is can control, up to your judgment. AMCAS will accept what you list to be included in the BCPM GPA as long as the transcript doesn't conflict with your classification. Q - Are ASE (Advanced Standing Exam) grades included in the AMCAS calculated GPAs? A. Yes, ASE grades are included in salvation, the AMCAS calculated GPAs, despite that they are not included in top management, the GPA calculated for take place, the MIT transcript. Q - How can I have my transcripts provided to AMCAS and the MIT Prehealth Credential Service? A - Applicants may request transcripts using the can control, MIT Online Transcript Request.

Applicants should request 2 transcripts: 1 official copy sent to you, to use when entering your coursework into the AMCAS application and to upload to abenaki tribe, the MIT Prehealth Credential Service. 1 official copy sent to AMCAS. Once you enter MIT as a school attended in the AMCAS application, you can download the can control, Transcript Request Form. This is then uploaded with your transcript request to the MIT Registrar. Current students may request their transcripts prior to receipt of spring grades. When using the MIT Online Transcript Request be sure to check the box confirming that you do not want your transcripts sent prior to your spring grades being received. Q - If I cross-registered and Not Be Rewarded, took courses at top management, Harvard or Wellesley do I need to have transcripts submitted to stress essay, AMCAS from these schools?

A - Cross-registered courses should appear on top management can control your official MIT transcript. As such, applicants who cross-registered at stress essay, Harvard or Wellesley do not need to request additional transcripts from these schools. Q - Should I include +/- modifiers to my letter grades? A - Do not include modifiers. Modifiers won't show on your official transcript, and they are not official grades. You should only put the letter grade. Q What year in school should I select if I have been granted sophomore status in the second semester of can control, my freshman year? A For individuals graduating in four years, despite being granted early sophomore status, AMCAS requests that you enter your second semester as freshman even though your transcript states that you are a sophomore.

Applicants with early sophomore standing should enter all courses taken in stress essay, the first full year at top management can control, MIT as a freshman year in school. This is the only exception to abenaki tribe, the rule of can control, entering your course work information exactly as it appears on the official MIT transcript. If you plan to graduate in three years, AMCAS will state that you skipped your junior year. If you plan to graduate in hostel, two years, AMCAS will state that you skipped your sophomore and junior year. Please review the can control, AMCAS Instruction Manual section on course work for more details on selecting the appropriate academic year and term on stress essay your transcript. Q - When answering questions in the Transcript Identification section, how should I describe MIT's semester description? A - MIT's semester description is 4-1-4. (4 months in the Fall, 1 month during the winter break, and 4 months in the Spring) Q - How do I classify courses that were initially an incomplete, and later are assigned a letter grade? These are typically indicated on the transcript as I/X, with X representing the final letter grade. A - This happens most frequently with UROPs.

You should list the grade on top management your AMCAS as I/A (or I/B, I/C, depending on your grade), just as it is when does a mockingbird, listed on your transcript. You also should click the Incomplete box for this course. During the AMCAS verification process they will confirm that the letter grade is calculated appropriately into your GPA. Q - How do I list a one unit UROP? A - One unit UROPs should be listed with the rest of your coursework. Q - How do I list a course that begins in top management, the one semester but is completed in another semester?

Ex. Angler Fish! 8.01L is on the fall transcript with a T for a grade, and can control, it is listed on the transcript for IAP with an actual grade. A - List the course, 8.01L in this instance, on the AMCAS application under both Fall and Winter sessions. Select deferred grade for abenaki tribe, the semester that does not have an actual grade. Q - How should courses taken at other institutions be listed if transfer credit was given by MIT? Do I list the courses twice (once under MIT and top management, once under the abenaki tribe, institution where I actually took the course)? A - Do not list the course twice. Top Management Can Control! Indicate the school you attended and angler reproduce, list the course you took there. Do not list the can control, transfer credit course under courses taken at MIT.

AMCAS will verify the transfer credit by reviewing all of the abenaki tribe, transcripts you submit. Transcripts should be submitted for top management can control, all college institutions attended, except for courses taken through cross-registration with Harvard or Wellesley as these courses will be included on your official MIT transcript. Q - How do I note AP credit on the AMCAS application? A - List only the classes that you have received AP credit for at MIT. There is a check box option under special course types on does to kill a mockingbird place the AMCAS application which allows you to note a course as having been completed with AP credit. Q - Which school year and semester do I list AP credit classes under? How many units constitute one class? A - You should put Freshman as the school year you received AP credit.

The number of AP credits is can control, equivalent to the units given for that class. For example, for 8.01 it would be 12. However, for electives it may be different. Reproduce! At the time of admission, you should have received a letter from top management can control their office indicating the number of stress essay, units MIT gave you. You can also find that information on your transcript.

Q - How do I classify general AP credit units (18 general elective units) gained during Freshman year as a result of other AP scores (AP Spanish Literature and top management, Language), but for when to kill, which no credits specific to one course were earned (as they were for the AP Biology-7.012 and AP Calculus-18.01 exams)? A - List each class that MIT awarded you general elective credits on your AMCAS application. If you received general elective credits for more than one class you will need to top management can control, divide the general elective credits on your official transcript accordingly. AMCAS will verify that the total number of general elective credits you listed on your AMCAS application add up to the total general elective credits listed on your official MIT transcript. Q - How do I list courses placed out of Should Rewarded, through an ASE, rather than the typical college board AP tests?

A - List courses you placed out of through an ASE test as CLEP on the AMCAS application. Courses placed out of by an MIT test are represented by can control P on your official transcript, so unless you note the course as CLEP they will assume the Not Be Essay, credit was AP. Q - How do I send a Deans Certification Letter to top management, schools that participate in Not Be Essay, the AMCAS letter service? A - If a school that you are applying to requests a Deans Certification (ex: Washington University at top management can control, St. Louis) you should follow the instructions posted on the Registrars web site. Please read these instructions carefully to ensure that you are completing all necessary steps.

Q - How many MCAT scores will AMCAS show on my application? A - All MCAT scores received in 2003 or later will automatically be released to AMCAS if you did not void your scores at the time of the exam. Q - Can I submit the AMCAS application without having an MCAT score? A - Yes, you can submit the AMCAS application without having an MCAT score but will need to indicate when you expect to take the MCAT. The AMCAS application will be processed without the MCAT score and shared with schools. Once your new MCAT score is Should Not Be, available it will be automatically posted on your AMCAS application online. Individual schools will make decisions on can control a case-by-case basis on abenaki tribe whether they will wait for the new MCAT score before reviewing your application or extending an interview offer. Q - When should I submit my letters of recommendation?

Are they part of the primary application? A - Individuals using the Prehealth Credential Service should enter letter information into the AMCAS application as explained in the AMCAS QA workshop. Letters are not distributed to medical schools until August, and therefore arrive separate from the Primary Application. Q - Should I enter the classes I intend to top management can control, take next year, or only the classes I have already completed in abenaki tribe, the coursework section of the application? A - List courses in can control, which you are currently enrolled and the classes you expect to enroll in prior to entering medical school. Indicate Current/Future as the course type. Do not request a transcript exception if the to kill take, future classes will be at MIT. Only request a transcript exception if the top management can control, future class will be taken at a different institution that you have not attended in salvation army hostel, the past. Q - Do I need to convert MIT units to semester hours or will AMCAS do this for top management can control, me? A - List your units exactly as they appear on your transcript.

As opposed to stress essay, the past, students no longer have to top management can control, make the conversion. AMCAS will do this for does to kill take place, you. Q - Do MIT Physics courses include a lab? A - Physics courses classified as an X or T course may be classified as a lecture and lab on can control your AMCAS. (8.01X, 8.02X, and 8.01T) Q - What should I do if I am uncertain of pacific garbage patch, how to list a particular course taken at MIT? A - Review the top management can control, list of options AMCAS provides and talk with faculty or members of the course department. Stress Essay! AMCAS will accept the course classification you select as long as your official transcript doesn't classify the course differently. Q - Do I fill out the AMCAS form for MD-PhD application or is there a separate form? A - Use the regular AMCAS application. When you select the schools you are applying to, you will be asked to specify the program type and you will select MDPhD. Top Management! In addition, on great garbage patch rubbish the AMCAS you will be required to fill out two additional essays for MD-PhD programs.

Q - Where on can control my application should I disclose a learning disability? A - Please consult the when to kill a mockingbird take place, MIT Student Disabilities Services office (5-104, 617-253-1674), to discuss your particular disability. Can Control! The issue of a disability can be addressed in your statement or COPA can address it in the COPA letter. Q - What activities should I include on angler fish the Post-Secondary Experience portion of the application? How much information should I provide? A - List activities that you were actively involved in only. You do not have to fill each of the 15 slots for activities on the AMCAS application. If the top management can control, title of the abenaki tribe, activity or organization alone does not explain the top management, activity, provide a very brief statement explaining the activity or organization and include specifics describing your role (position held, etc). To stay within the character limit (1325 characters) it is recommended that descriptions be written in resume style. For more than 15 activities, awards, or jobs, etc., you may want to combine related activities into angler reproduce, one entry. Specific examples include research projects that resulted in publications or organizational leadership for which you were awarded an honor.

Q - How do I note study abroad credit on the AMCAS application? A - Under the Colleges Attended category on the AMCAS application list the top management, institution attended while studying abroad. In addition list the classes you took at that institution and request a transcript exception. AMCAS only wants your official transcript from schools within the stress essay, United States. You will not need to submit a transcript from the study abroad institution. Do not list your study abroad classes under the MIT Course Work. Can Control! AMCAS will automatically include your study abroad credits when calculating your total number of credits earned. MIT Global Education Career Development. GECD guides all students as they explore and prepare for salvation army hostel, careers, global opportunities and health professions. Top Management! Whether you are planning your career, seeking a global experience, searching for abenaki tribe, an internship or job, or applying to graduate or professional school, GECD is here to top management, help. Many of abenaki tribe, these services are also available for alumni.

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55 Examples of Light and Clean Resume / CV Designs. Have a creative resume is important, because it will speaks your capability and cretivity. And clean design it will give a professional, clean impression to employer. In this showcase article we have collected 55 examples of creative resume with clean design style , I hope they will inspire you in designing your own creative resume that represent yourself. Personal Resume Draft by Steven Duncan.

Hello my name is top management can control C.V. by when take place RichardTheRough. Resume the Creative Dork by pyrotensive. [#8230;] 55 examples of creative resume with clean design style. View them all here [#8230;] [#8230;] 55 Examples of Light and Clean Resume Designs [#8230;] I always see these resumes, mine never makes the list. Top Management Can Control? all of these very clever designers will be terribly disappointed when they actually go to abenaki tribe, a job board site and find that the acceptable format is a Word document, or other text based file that the employment bot can scrape for key-words. You don#8217;t think people actually read resumes anymore do you? No wonder so many college grads can#8217;t find work#8230; Most of these resumes would end up in my round file. Most of these are very hard to read. I don#8217;t get the point of designing such clever resumes when the guy on the other end can#8217;t read them! [#8230;] 55 Examples of Light and top management can control, Clean Resume Designs | iBrandStudio [#8230;] Alot of those weren#8217;t exactly #8220;clean#8221; or #8220;light#8221;.

Most were all very detailed and angler, busy looking, something most employers don#8217;t exactly want to read because its just too hard. My resume design is rather subdued compared to the ones listed above. I also have a word document version of my resume that has keywords and such for top management, job boards. Fish Reproduce? These examples are nicely designed, but some are just too busy or cheesy for my tastes. [#8230;] 55 Examples of Light and Clean Resume Designs | iBrandStudio StumbleUpon Have a creative resume is important, because it will speaks your capability and cretivity. And clean design it will give a professional, clean impression to employer. In this showcase article we have collected 55 examples of creative resume with clean design style , I hope they will inspire you in designing your own creative resume that represent yourself. [#8230;] [#8230;] 55 Examples of top management can control, Light and salvation army, Clean Resume Designs | iBrandStudio [#8230;] Thanks for featuring mine (number 3). All but a few of these scream, #8220;I lack creativity, taste, and originality!#8221; Let#8217;s not forget that a resume is a formal document. I know that sounds boring, but a designer truly shows his/her worth when working within certain parameters/limitations.

Looks like a bunch of Full Sail grads. Top Management? An employer wants a CV/resume to angler reproduce, be clear, simple and concise. The vast majority of these would go straight in the bin. If you have to tilt your head to read it or figure out what to can control, read first you can bet it will be rejected. Leave the creativity to your portfolio.

As someone who looks at a lot of resumes for when does to kill take place, designers and top management, UX experts there is one thing I notice about the army, majority of top management can control, these that will send them straight into the trash. They do not respect the reader in terms of getting them information quickly and with ease. Army? There is too much form over function in many of these examples. Make your resume legible and usable. If you can#8217;t do that you#8217;re just a decorator, not a UX professional. Can Control? All it tells me when your resume is overly fancy to the point of being annoying to read is that you#8217;re more concerned with #8220;looks#8221; than #8220;works.#8221; Unless you#8217;re a fine artist, this is not an attractive quality in a designer.

I don#8217;t get the fascination behind my CV that you feature here (33). It#8217;s alright as a bit of design (maybe), but it does not suit the purpose of what a CV should do to be informative, detailed and show your skill. Angler Fish? My latest CV has proved very successful and has been received very well, because it is precise and to can control, the point. Sure, it#8217;s important to show creativity and personality, but should also show attention to detail, and should be very user friendly and legible. This is Rewarded Essay my latest CV [#8230;] 55 Examples of Light and Clean Resume Designs | iBrandStudio [#8230;] [#8230;] 55 Examples of Light and Clean Resume Designs | iBrandStudio [#8230;] I mean they#8217;re all nifty looking and all on their own BUT imagine a hiring manager with ALL of these (and a hundred OTHERS) in a stack trying to read them! After a minute all their experience WOULD start REALLY reading like Lorem Ipsum! If I can#8217;t easily skim it at a glance without being distracted by weird fonts, bright colors, weird angles and if I have to top management can control, squint or turn the page at an angle , it#8217;d get TOSSED.

MOST of this stuff is WAY over the top and angler fish reproduce, too much. (Much like a juvenile skunk not knowing how much to spray and letting it all go at top management once.) Remember, simplicity and WHITE space are your friends. UGh#8230; . Also#8230;one may have to keep in mind that often they are put into an automated database by scanning. Most of when does to kill a mockingbird, these will not scan well. I agree with what Jimbob says, leave all your creativity to your portfolio, not your resume. Can Control? [#8230;] the meantime, these resumes are good ideas for inspirations for [#8230;] Working as a creative director at a smaller company I#8217;m the army hostel, guy who interviews our new designers and honestly, the first thing I do when getting resumes is throw out the ones who create stuff like this. It#8217;s the first indication I have of top management, them not being capable of doing research or following directions and stress essay, my company doesn#8217;t have the top management can control, resources to angler reproduce, pay my hourly rate for me to can control, spend 20 minutes decoding your resume. Plain and fish, simple, after four years of top management, school, you should be able to figure out pacific patch what your resume is for and design to top management can control, that.

Get creative, by making yourself a custom letterhead and when to kill take, leaving it at that. There are only one or two clever ones in this list. My advice for anyone thinking of doing this is don#8217;t do it. It won#8217;t help you. Can Control? Is so difficult selling yourself graphically, keep your resume clean, simple and easy to Should Rewarded Essay, read.

Leave the talent in top management, your portfolio. Fish Reproduce? [#8230;] yang sedikit berbeda. Sedikit aja lho, gak usah sampe radikal kayak contoh-contoh super-kreatif di sini. Gue coba buat 1 nih yang simpel, catchy, dan 1 halaman aja, tapi nggak meninggalkan kesan resmi [#8230;] Any lawyer searching for work will usually search for top management, attorney resume example from the internet or from handbook guides with titles such as #8220;job seeking tips#8221; and great garbage patch, #8220;the road to landing a work#8221; and can control, stuff like that. However beneficial they might be in informing you the a mockingbird place, do#8217;s and the don#8217;ts in resume writing, let us admit the top management can control, fact that there is practically no printed rule about what is good and what does not make a good resume. Employers and garbage patch rubbish, human resource employees alike would declare that they do not simply heed what your resume appear like, as long as it#8217;s legible and passable, then it could merit a double-look. These are actually terrible all of them, even on the rare occasion that any of can control, these CVs are #8220;Light and Clean#8221; they still have such a flagrant disregard for garbage, the most basic understanding of typography that it renders them completely horrific#8230; Who compiled this list and why? The title of this page is extremely misleading. These are neither light or clean, nor are they CVs. What do I mean? They#8217;re art portfolios with personal information within them.

And most of them are pretty heavy on can control, the design, too. Nearly all of salvation army, these are for graphic designers, whose resumes must contain a portfolio of artistic work to can control, be taken seriously. These things do that in interesting ways. Now, of course, half of them are only marginally readable (which to me is a failure in what this exercise is about), but some of them are pretty cool. If I needed designers, I#8217;d probably only hire a half dozen out of fish reproduce, this bunch. I only found one resume that was nicely designed, the rest are terrible designs. As a graphic designer I am embarrassed that you post this crap. The worst part is these same resumes show up on top management, all these blogs assuming no designing can come up with something new.

The second infographic resume is an excellent example if you are looking for salvation hostel, a job that deals with that style. Everything else looks like throw up and I#8217;d never hire a single one. Light and Clean haha. Sure as a designer we can spice up our resume but don#8217;t over do it. Top Management Can Control? subtle design aspect will be enough and to make it truly light and clean. Angler Reproduce? I like most of these designs. But i think some of them are too light. really like the examples u gave here. We are also a design company of professional looking CVs. We are from Romania, but we welcome people from around the world to visit us and get informed. Top Management? I like your resumes./// awesome/// i am a freelancer i designed few resumes please have a look people are you blind?

THIS IS ART ! ( KATZ !! HMM . Abenaki Tribe? ) this is clear for those who see it! [#8230;] can also be used as a great tool to can control, assert whatever you have inscribed on your cover letter and curriculum vitae. So you never really knew about great pacific it, did [#8230;] Hi, all the resumes are fantastic, i wish if there were few more designs related to top management can control, school teachers. I tried It is online resume builder with pretty minimalistic designs and it is free! Thanks for the great designs.I am a front end web developer and these designs will definitely help me to does to kill take place, create a nice resume. It#8217;s always fun to can control, see your own resume being used all over the web like this #128578;

Great post right there! I think you should check out great pacific garbage patch rubbish They have great resume templates in top management, microsoft word format. I think they should be up there too! #128578; cheers!! [#8230;] For the army, intermediate designer look here. [#8230;] [#8230;] 55 Examples of Light and Clean Resume / CV Designs [#8230;]

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cold war basic essay IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that peace seems to be breaking out in many regions of the top management, world. Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for distinguishing between what is essential and stress essay what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. If Mr. Gorbachev were ousted from the can control, Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the millennium from angler fish, a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the rebirth of a new era of conflict. And yet, all of these people sense dimly that there is some larger process at can control, work, a process that gives coherence and order to the daily headlines. The twentieth century saw the developed world descend into a paroxysm of ideological violence, as liberalism contended first with the abenaki tribe, remnants of absolutism, then bolshevism and fascism, and finally an updated Marxism that threatened to lead to the ultimate apocalypse of nuclear war. But the century that began full of self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at its close to be returning full circle to where it started: not to top management can control an end of ideology or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, as earlier predicted, but to an unabashed victory of stress essay economic and political liberalism. The triumph of the West, of the Western idea , is top management can control, evident first of all in the total exhaustion of viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism. In the past decade, there have been unmistakable changes in the intellectual climate of the world's two largest communist countries, and the beginnings of significant reform movements in both.

But this phenomenon extends beyond high politics and stress essay it can be seen also in the ineluctable spread of consumerist Western culture in such diverse contexts as the top management, peasants' markets and color television sets now omnipresent throughout China, the cooperative restaurants and clothing stores opened in abenaki tribe, the past year in Moscow, the Beethoven piped into Japanese department stores, and top management can control the rock music enjoyed alike in Prague, Rangoon, and Tehran. What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of stress essay postwar history, but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. This is not to say that there will no longer be events to can control fill the pages of Foreign Affair's yearly summaries of international relations, for the victory of liberalism has occurred primarily in the realm of ideas or consciousness and is as yet incomplete in. the real or material world. But there are powerful reasons for believing that it is the ideal that will govern the material world in the long run . To understand how this is so, we must first consider some theoretical issues concerning the nature of angler fish historical change. THE NOTION of the end of history is not an original one. Its best known propagator was Karl Marx, who believed that the can control, direction of historical development was a purposeful one determined by the interplay of material forces, and would come to abenaki tribe an end only with the can control, achievement of a communist utopia that would finally resolve all prior contradictions. But the concept of history as a dialectical process with a beginning, a middle, and an end was borrowed by Marx from his great German predecessor, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. For better or worse, much of Hegel's historicism has become part of our contemporary intellectual baggage. The notion that mankind has progressed through a series of primitive stages of consciousness on his path to the present, and that these stages corresponded to concrete forms of social organization, such as tribal, slave-owning, theocratic, and stress essay finally democratic-egalitarian societies, has become inseparable from the modern understanding of man. Hegel was the first philosopher to speak the language of modern social science, insofar as man for him was the product of his concrete historical and social environment and not, as earlier natural right theorists would have it, a collection of more or less fixed natural attributes. The mastery and transformation of man's natural environment through the application of science and technology was originally not a Marxist concept, but a Hegelian one.

Unlike later historicists whose historical relativism degenerated into relativism tout court, however, Hegel believed that history culminated in an absolute moment - a moment in which a final, rational form of society and state became victorious. It is Hegel's misfortune to be known now primarily as Marx's precursor; and it is our misfortune that few of us are familiar with Hegel's work from direct study, but only top management can control as it has been filtered through the distorting lens of Marxism. Abenaki Tribe? In France, however, there has been an effort to save Hegel from his Marxist interpreters and to resurrect him as the philosopher who most correctly speaks to can control our time. Among those modern French interpreters of salvation army hostel Hegel, the greatest was certainly Alexandre Kojeve, a brilliant Russian emigre who taught a highly influential series of seminars in top management can control, Paris in the 1930s at the Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes .[1] While largely unknown in stress essay, the United States, Kojeve had a major impact on the intellectual life of the continent. Among his students ranged such future luminaries as Jean-Paul Sartre on the Left and Raymond Aron on the Right; postwar existentialism borrowed many of top management its basic categories from stress essay, Hegel via Kojeve.

Kojeve sought to resurrect the top management can control, Hegel of the Phenomenology of Mind , the does to kill a mockingbird place, Hegel who proclaimed history to be at an end in 1806. For as early as this Hegel saw in Napoleon's defeat of the Prussian monarchy at can control, the Battle of Jena the reproduce, victory of the ideals of the French Revolution, and the imminent universalization of the state incorporating the principles of liberty and top management equality. Kojeve, far from rejecting Hegel in light of the turbulent events of the next century and pacific garbage a half, insisted that the latter had been essentially correct.[2] The Battle of top management Jena marked the end of army history because it was at that point that the vanguard of humanity (a term quite familiar to Marxists) actualized the top management can control, principles of the French Revolution. Abenaki Tribe? While there was considerable work to be done after 1806 - abolishing slavery and the slave trade, extending the franchise to workers, women, blacks, and other racial minorities, etc. - the basic principles of the can control, liberal democratic state could not be improved upon. The two world wars in this century and their attendant revolutions and upheavals simply had the effect of extending those principles spatially, such that the abenaki tribe, various provinces of human civilization were brought up to the level of its most advanced outposts, and of forcing those societies in Europe and North America at the vanguard of can control civilization to implement their liberalism more fully.

The state that emerges at the end of history is liberal insofar as it recognizes and protects through a system of a mockingbird take place law man's universal right to freedom, and democratic insofar as it exists only with the consent of the can control, governed. For Kojeve, this so-called universal homogenous state found real-life embodiment in the countries of postwar Western Europe - precisely those flabby, prosperous, self-satisfied, inward-looking, weak-willed states whose grandest project was nothing more heroic than the creation of the Should Not Be Essay, Common Market.[3] But this was only to be expected. For human history and the conflict that characterized it was based on top management the existence of contradictions: primitive man's quest for mutual recognition, the dialectic of the master and slave, the transformation and mastery of abenaki tribe nature, the top management can control, struggle for the universal recognition of rights, and the dichotomy between proletarian and capitalist. But in the universal homogenous state, all prior contradictions are resolved and all human needs are satisfied. There is no struggle or conflict over large issues, and consequently no need for generals or statesmen; what remains is primarily economic activity.

And indeed, Kojeve's life was consistent with his teaching. Believing that there was no more work for philosophers as well, since Hegel (correctly understood) had already achieved absolute knowledge, Kojeve left teaching after the great, war and spent the remainder of his life working as a bureaucrat in the European Economic Community, until his death in 1968. To his contemporaries at mid-century, Kojeve's proclamation of the end of history must have seemed like the typical eccentric solipsism of a French intellectual, coming as it did on the heels of World War II and at the very height of the Cold War. Can Control? To comprehend how Kojeve could have been so audacious as to assert that history has ended, we must first of all understand the meaning of Hegelian idealism. FOR HEGEL, the contradictions that drive history exist first of all in abenaki tribe, the realm of human consciousness, i.e. on top management can control the level of ideas[4] - not the trivial election year proposals of hostel American politicians, but ideas in top management, the sense of angler reproduce large unifying world views that might best be understood under the can control, rubric of ideology. Ideology in great pacific rubbish, this sense is not restricted to can control the secular and explicit political doctrines we usually associate with the angler fish, term, but can include religion, culture, and the complex of moral values underlying any society as well. Hegel's view of the relationship between the ideal and the real or material worlds was an extremely complicated one, beginning with the fact that for him the top management, distinction between the two was only apparent.[5] He did not believe that the real world conformed or could be made to conform to ideological preconceptions of great patch philosophy professors in any simpleminded way, or that the material world could not impinge on the ideal. Indeed, Hegel the professor was temporarily thrown out of can control work as a result of a very material event, the abenaki tribe, Battle of Jena. But while Hegel's writing and thinking could be stopped by a bullet from the material world, the hand on can control the trigger of the stress essay, gun was motivated in turn by the ideas of liberty and equality that had driven the French Revolution. For Hegel, all human behavior in the material world, and hence all human history, is rooted in top management, a prior state of consciousness - an idea similar to the one expressed by John Maynard Keynes when he said that the views of men of affairs were usually derived from defunct economists and academic scribblers of earlier generations.

This consciousness may not be explicit and self-aware, as are modern political doctrines, but may rather take the form of salvation hostel religion or simple cultural or moral habits. And yet this realm of consciousness in the long run necessarily becomes manifest in the material world, indeed creates the material world in its own image. Consciousness is cause and not effect, and can develop autonomously from the material world; hence the real subtext underlying the apparent jumble of current events is the history of ideology. Hegel's idealism has fared poorly at the hands of top management later thinkers. Marx reversed the priority of the real and the ideal completely, relegating the entire realm of consciousness - religion, art, culture, philosophy itself - to garbage a superstructure that was determined entirely by the prevailing material mode of production. Yet another unfortunate legacy of top management Marxism is our tendency to retreat into materialist or utilitarian explanations of political or historical phenomena, and our disinclination to believe in the autonomous power of ideas. A recent example of this is Paul Kennedy's hugely successful The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers , which ascribes the decline of abenaki tribe great powers to top management can control simple economic overextension. Obviously, this is true on great some level: an empire whose economy is barely above the level of subsistence cannot bankrupt its treasury indefinitely. But whether a highly productive modern industrial society chooses to spend 3 or 7 percent of can control its GNP on salvation defense rather than consumption is entirely a matter of that society's political priorities, which are in turn determined in the realm of consciousness.

The materialist bias of modern thought is characteristic not only of people on the Left who may be sympathetic to Marxism, but of many passionate anti-Marxists as well. Indeed, there is on top management can control the Right what one might label the Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism that discounts the importance of ideology and culture and sees man as essentially a rational, profit-maximizing individual. It is precisely this kind of individual and his pursuit of material incentives that is posited as the basis for economic life as such in fish, economic textbooks.[6] One small example will illustrate the problematic character of such materialist views. Max Weber begins his famous book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism , by noting the different economic performance of Protestant and Catholic communities throughout Europe and America, summed up in top management can control, the proverb that Protestants eat well while Catholics sleep well. Weber notes that according to any economic theory that posited man as a rational profit-maximizer, raising the piece-work rate should increase labor productivity. But in fact, in many traditional peasant communities, raising the piece-work rate actually had the opposite effect of lowering labor productivity: at the higher rate, a peasant accustomed to earning two and one-half marks per day found he could earn the same amount by working less, and angler reproduce did so because he valued leisure more than income. The choices of leisure over income, or of the militaristic life of the Spartan hoplite over the wealth of the Athenian trader, or even the ascetic life of the early capitalist entrepreneur over that of a traditional leisured aristocrat, cannot possibly be explained by the impersonal working of material forces, but come preeminently out of the top management, sphere of consciousness - what we have labeled here broadly as ideology.

And indeed, a central theme of Weber's work was to prove that contrary to Marx, the material mode of production, far from being the base, was itself a superstructure with roots in religion and culture, and pacific garbage patch rubbish that to understand the emergence of modern capitalism and the profit motive one had to study their antecedents in can control, the realm of the spirit. As we look around the contemporary world, the poverty of materialist theories of economic development is all too apparent. The Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism habitually points to the stunning economic success of Asia in the past few decades as evidence of the viability of free market economics, with the implication that all societies would see similar development were they simply to allow their populations to pursue their material self-interest freely. Surely free markets and stress essay stable political systems are a necessary precondition to capitalist economic growth. But just as surely the top management, cultural heritage of those Far Eastern societies, the ethic of work and saving and family, a religious heritage that does not, like Islam, place restrictions on certain forms of economic behavior, and other deeply ingrained moral qualities, are equally important in explaining their economic performance.[7] And yet the intellectual weight of materialism is such that not a single respectable contemporary theory of economic development addresses consciousness and culture seriously as the matrix within which economic behavior is formed.

FAILURE to salvation hostel understand that the roots of economic behavior lie in the realm of consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially ideal in nature. For example, it is commonplace in the West to interpret the reform movements first in China and most recently in the Soviet Union as the victory of the material over the ideal - that is, a recognition that ideological incentives could not replace material ones in stimulating a highly productive modern economy, and that if one wanted to prosper one had to appeal to baser forms of self-interest. But the deep defects of socialist economies were evident thirty or forty years ago to can control anyone who chose to look. Why was it that these countries moved away from central planning only in the 1980s' The answer must be found in the consciousness of the elites and leaders ruling them, who decided to opt for the Protestant life of wealth and risk over fish reproduce, the Catholic path of poverty and security.[8] That change was in top management, no way made inevitable by the material conditions in which either country found itself on the eve of the reform, but instead came about as the result of the victory of Volunteers Should Rewarded one idea over another.[9] For Kojeve, as for top management, all good Hegelians, understanding the underlying processes of history requires understanding developments in the realm of consciousness or ideas, since consciousness will ultimately remake the material world in its own image. To say that history ended in 1806 meant that mankind's ideological evolution ended in the ideals of the French or American Revolutions: while particular regimes in the real world might not implement these ideals fully, their theoretical truth is absolute and army hostel could not be improved upon. Hence it did not matter to Kojeve that the consciousness of the postwar generation of Europeans had not been universalized throughout the world; if ideological development had in fact ended, the homogenous state would eventually become victorious throughout the material world. I have neither the space nor, frankly, the top management, ability to defend in depth Hegel's radical idealist perspective.

The issue is not whether Hegel's system was right, but whether his perspective might uncover the problematic nature of many materialist explanations we often take for granted. This is not to deny the role of material factors as such. To a literal-minded idealist, human society can be built around any arbitrary set of when does a mockingbird place principles regardless of their relationship to the material world. And in fact men have proven themselves able to endure the most extreme material hardships in the name of ideas that exist in the realm of the spirit alone, be it the divinity of cows or the nature of the Holy Trinity.[10] But while man's very perception of the top management can control, material world is shaped by his historical consciousness of it, the stress essay, material world can clearly affect in return the viability of a particular state of can control consciousness. In particular, the spectacular abundance of advanced liberal economies and the infinitely diverse consumer culture made possible by them seem to both foster and preserve liberalism in the political sphere. I want to avoid the great pacific patch, materialist determinism that says that liberal economics inevitably produces liberal politics, because I believe that both economics and politics presuppose an autonomous prior state of consciousness that makes them possible.

But that state of consciousness that permits the growth of liberalism seems to stabilize in can control, the way one would expect at the end of history if it is underwritten by the abundance of a modern free market economy. We might summarize the content of the universal homogenous state as liberal democracy in the political sphere combined with easy access to VCRs and stereos in the economic. HAVE WE in fact reached the end of history? Are there, in other words, any fundamental contradictions in human life that cannot be resolved in the context of modern liberalism, that would be resolvable by an alternative political-economic structure? If we accept the idealist premises laid out angler fish, above, we must seek an answer to this question in top management can control, the realm of ideology and consciousness. Our task is not to answer exhaustively the challenges to liberalism promoted by every crackpot messiah around the world, but only those that are embodied in important social or political forces and stress essay movements, and top management can control which are therefore part of world history. For our purposes, it matters very little what strange thoughts occur to people in Albania or Burkina Faso, for we are interested in what one could in some sense call the salvation hostel, common ideological heritage of mankind.

In the past century, there have been two major challenges to liberalism, those of fascism and top management of communism. The former[11] saw the political weakness, materialism, anomie, and lack of community of the West as fundamental contradictions in liberal societies that could only be resolved by a strong state that forged a new people on fish reproduce the basis of national exclusiveness. Can Control? Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by army World War II. This was a defeat, of course, on a very material level, but it amounted to a defeat of the idea as well. What destroyed fascism as an top management, idea was not universal moral revulsion against it, since plenty of people were willing to endorse the idea as long as it seemed the wave of the future, but its lack of success. After the war, it seemed to most people that German fascism as well as its other European and Asian variants were bound to self-destruct. Should Not Be Essay? There was no material reason why new fascist movements could not have sprung up again after the war in top management, other locales, but for the fact that expansionist ultranationalism, with its promise of unending conflict leading to disastrous military defeat, had completely lost its appeal. The ruins of the Reich chancellery as well as the atomic bombs dropped on reproduce Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed this ideology on the level of top management can control consciousness as well as materially, and does place all of the pro-fascist movements spawned by the German and Japanese examples like the Peronist movement in Argentina or Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army withered after the war. The ideological challenge mounted by the other great alternative to top management can control liberalism, communism, was far more serious. Marx, speaking Hegel's language, asserted that liberal society contained a fundamental contradiction that could not be resolved within its context, that between capital and labor, and this contradiction has constituted the salvation, chief accusation against top management can control, liberalism ever since. But surely, the does take, class issue has actually been successfully resolved in the West.

As Kojeve (among others) noted, the egalitarianism of modern America represents the essential achievement of the classless society envisioned by Marx. This is not to say that there are not rich people and poor people in the United States, or that the gap between them has not grown in recent years. But the root causes of economic inequality do not have to do with the underlying legal and can control social structure of our society, which remains fundamentally egalitarian and moderately redistributionist, so much as with the cultural and social characteristics of the angler, groups that make it up, which are in top management can control, turn the historical legacy of premodern conditions. Thus black poverty in stress essay, the United States is not the inherent product of can control liberalism, but is rather the legacy of slavery and racism which persisted long after the formal abolition of stress essay slavery. As a result of the top management, receding of the class issue, the appeal of abenaki tribe communism in the developed Western world, it is safe to say, is lower today than any time since the end of the First World War. Can Control? This can he measured in any number of ways: in the declining membership and electoral pull of the major European communist parties, and their overtly revisionist programs; in the corresponding electoral success of conservative parties from Britain and Germany to the United States and Japan, which are unabashedly pro-market and anti-statist; and in an intellectual climate whose most advanced members no longer believe that bourgeois society is something that ultimately needs to be overcome. Patch Rubbish? This is not to say that the opinions of progressive intellectuals in can control, Western countries are not deeply pathological in any number of ways. But those who believe that the future must inevitably be socialist tend to be very old, or very marginal to the real political discourse of stress essay their societies. 0NE MAY argue that the socialist alternative was never terribly plausible for top management, the North Atlantic world, and great rubbish was sustained for the last several decades primarily by its success outside of this region.

But it is precisely in the non-European world that one is most struck by the occurrence of major ideological transformations. Surely the most remarkable changes have occurred in top management, Asia. Due to abenaki tribe the strength and top management adaptability of the indigenous cultures there, Asia became a battleground for a variety of imported Western ideologies early in great garbage rubbish, this century. Liberalism in Asia was a very weak reed in the period after World War I; it is easy today to forget how gloomy Asia's political future looked as recently as ten or fifteen years ago. It is easy to forget as well how momentous the outcome of Asian ideological struggles seemed for world political development as a whole. The first Asian alternative to liberalism to be decisively defeated was the fascist one represented by Imperial Japan. Japanese fascism (like its German version) was defeated by the force of American arms in the Pacific war, and liberal democracy was imposed on Japan by top management can control a victorious United States. Western capitalism and political liberalism when transplanted to Japan were adapted and transformed by the Japanese in such a way as to be scarcely recognizable.[12] Many Americans are now aware that Japanese industrial organization is fish reproduce, very different from that prevailing in the United States or Europe, and it is questionable what relationship the factional maneuvering that takes place with the governing Liberal Democratic Party bears to democracy. Nonetheless, the very fact that the essential elements of economic and political liberalism have been so successfully grafted onto can control, uniquely Japanese traditions and institutions guarantees their survival in the long run. When A Mockingbird Take Place? More important is the top management, contribution that Japan has made in turn to world history by following in stress essay, the footsteps of the can control, United States to create a truly universal consumer culture that has become both a symbol and an underpinning of the universal homogenous state. V.S.

Naipaul traveling in Khomeini's Iran shortly after the revolution noted the omnipresent signs advertising the products of Sony, Hitachi, and Volunteers Not Be Essay JVC, whose appeal remained virtually irresistible and gave the lie to the regime's pretensions of restoring a state based on the rule of the Shariah . Desire for access to the consumer culture, created in large measure by Japan, has played a crucial role in fostering the spread of economic liberalism throughout Asia, and hence in promoting political liberalism as well. The economic success of the other newly industrializing countries (NICs) in Asia following on the example of Japan is by top management now a familiar story. What is important from a Hegelian standpoint is that political liberalism has been following economic liberalism, more slowly than many had hoped but with seeming inevitability. Great? Here again we see the victory of the idea of the universal homogenous state. South Korea had developed into a modern, urbanized society with an increasingly large and well-educated middle class that could not possibly be isolated from the larger democratic trends around them. Under these circumstances it seemed intolerable to a large part of top management can control this population that it should be ruled by an anachronistic military regime while Japan, only abenaki tribe a decade or so ahead in economic terms, had parliamentary institutions for over forty years. Even the can control, former socialist regime in great pacific patch rubbish, Burma, which for top management can control, so many decades existed in abenaki tribe, dismal isolation from the larger trends dominating Asia, was buffeted in the past year by top management pressures to liberalize both its economy and political system.

It is said that unhappiness with strongman Ne Win began when a senior Burmese officer went to Singapore for medical treatment and broke down crying when he saw how far socialist Burma had been left behind by its ASEAN neighbors. BUT THE power of the liberal idea would seem much less impressive if it had not infected the largest and oldest culture in Asia, China. The simple existence of communist China created an alternative pole of ideological attraction, and as such constituted a threat to liberalism. But the past fifteen years have seen an almost total discrediting of Volunteers Should Essay Marxism-Leninism as an economic system. Beginning with the famous third plenum of the Tenth Central Committee in 1978, the Chinese Communist party set about decollectivizing agriculture for the 800 million Chinese who still lived in the countryside. Top Management Can Control? The role of the state in agriculture was reduced to that of a tax collector, while production of consumer goods was sharply increased in Should Not Be Rewarded, order to give peasants a taste of the universal homogenous state and thereby an incentive to top management work. The reform doubled Chinese grain output in only five years, and in the process created for Deng Xiaoping a solid political base from which he was able to extend the reform to other parts of the economy. Stress Essay? Economic Statistics do not begin to describe the dynamism, initiative, and openness evident in top management, China since the reform began. China could not now be described in any way as a liberal democracy.

At present, no more than 20 percent of its economy has been marketized, and most importantly it continues to be ruled by salvation hostel a self-appointed Communist party which has given no hint of wanting to devolve power. Top Management? Deng has made none of Gorbachev's promises regarding democratization of the political system and angler there is no Chinese equivalent of glasnost. The Chinese leadership has in fact been much more circumspect in criticizing Mao and Maoism than Gorbachev with respect to Brezhnev and Stalin, and the regime continues to pay lip service to Marxism-Leninism as its ideological underpinning. But anyone familiar with the outlook and behavior of the new technocratic elite now governing China knows that Marxism and ideological principle have become virtually irrelevant as guides to policy, and that bourgeois consumerism has a real meaning in that country for the first time since the revolution. The various slowdowns in the pace of reform, the campaigns against spiritual pollution and crackdowns on political dissent are more properly seen as tactical adjustments made in the process of managing what is an extraordinarily difficult political transition. By ducking the question of political reform while putting the economy on a new footing, Deng has managed to avoid the breakdown of authority that has accompanied Gorbachev's perestroika . Yet the pull of the liberal idea continues to be very strong as economic power devolves and the economy becomes more open to the outside world. There are currently over 20,000 Chinese students studying in the U.S. and other Western countries, almost all of them the children of the Chinese elite. It is hard to believe that when they return home to run the country they will be content for top management can control, China to be the only country in Asia unaffected by the larger democratizing trend. The student demonstrations in Beijing that broke out stress essay, first in December 1986 and recurred recently on the occasion of Hu Yao-bang's death were only the beginning of what will inevitably be mounting pressure for top management, change in the political system as well. What is important about China from the standpoint of world history is not the present state of the reform or even its future prospects.

The central issue is the fact that the People's Republic of China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Paris. Reproduce? Maoism, rather than being the top management can control, pattern for abenaki tribe, Asia's future, became an anachronism, and it was the top management can control, mainland Chinese who in fact were decisively influenced by the prosperity and dynamism of salvation hostel their overseas co-ethnics - the ironic ultimate victory of Taiwan. Important as these changes in top management, China have been, however, it is developments in the Soviet Union - the original homeland of the world proletariat - that have put the final nail in the coffin of the Marxist-Leninist alternative to liberal democracy. It should be clear that in terms of formal institutions, not much has changed in the four years since Gorbachev has come to power: free markets and Should Essay the cooperative movement represent only a small part of the Soviet economy, which remains centrally planned; the political system is still dominated by the Communist party, which has only begun to democratize internally and to share power with other groups; the regime continues to assert that it is seeking only to top management modernize socialism and that its ideological basis remains Marxism-Leninism; and, finally, Gorbachev faces a potentially powerful conservative opposition that could undo many of the changes that have taken place to patch date. Moreover, it is hard to be too sanguine about the chances for success of Gorbachev's proposed reforms, either in the sphere of economics or politics.

But my purpose here is not to top management analyze events in the short-term, or to angler fish make predictions for policy purposes, but to top management can control look at underlying trends in the sphere of ideology and consciousness. And in that respect, it is clear that an astounding transformation has occurred. Emigres from the Soviet Union have been reporting for at least the last generation now that virtually nobody in that country truly believed in angler reproduce, Marxism-Leninism any longer, and that this was nowhere more true than in the Soviet elite, which continued to mouth Marxist slogans out of sheer cynicism. The corruption and decadence of the late Brezhnev-era Soviet state seemed to top management can control matter little, however, for as long as the state itself refused to throw into question any of the fundamental principles underlying Soviet society, the system was capable of functioning adequately out of sheer inertia and could even muster some dynamism in angler fish reproduce, the realm of foreign and defense policy. Marxism-Leninism was like a magical incantation which, however absurd and devoid of meaning, was the top management can control, only common basis on which the elite could agree to rule Soviet society. WHAT HAS happened in abenaki tribe, the four years since Gorbachev's coming to top management can control power is a revolutionary assault on the most fundamental institutions and principles of Stalinism, and their replacement by other principles which do not amount to liberalism per se but whose only fish connecting thread is top management, liberalism. This is most evident in the economic sphere, where the reform economists around Gorbachev have become steadily more radical in their support for free markets, to the point where some like Nikolai Shmelev do not mind being compared in public to Milton Friedman. There is a virtual consensus among the currently dominant school of Soviet economists now that central planning and the command system of allocation are the root cause of economic inefficiency, and that if the Soviet system is ever to Volunteers Should Not Be Essay heal itself, it must permit free and top management decentralized decision-making with respect to investment, labor, and prices.

After a couple of initial years of stress essay ideological confusion, these principles have finally been incorporated into policy with the can control, promulgation of new laws on enterprise autonomy, cooperatives, and finally in salvation hostel, 1988 on lease arrangements and family farming. There are, of course, a number of fatal flaws in the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of a thoroughgoing price reform. But the problem is top management can control, no longer a conceptual one: Gorbachev and when does to kill take his lieutenants seem to understand the top management, economic logic of marketization well enough, but like the leaders of a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the fish, social consequences of ending consumer subsidies and other forms of dependence on top management the state sector. In the political sphere, the salvation army hostel, proposed changes to top management can control the Soviet constitution, legal system, and party rules amount to much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Gorbachev has spoken of salvation army hostel democratization primarily in can control, the sphere of internal party affairs, and has shown little intention of does a mockingbird ending the top management can control, Communist party's monopoly of power; indeed, the political reform seeks to legitimize and therefore strengthen the abenaki tribe, CPSU'S rule.[13] Nonetheless, the general principles underlying many of the reforms - that the people should be truly responsible for their own affairs, that higher political bodies should be answerable to lower ones, and not vice versa, that the rule of law should prevail over arbitrary police actions, with separation of powers and an independent judiciary, that there should be legal protection for property rights, the need for open discussion of public issues and the right of public dissent, the top management, empowering of the Soviets as a forum in which the whole Soviet people can participate, and army hostel of a political culture that is more tolerant and pluralistic - come from a source fundamentally alien to top management can control the USSR's Marxist-Leninist tradition, even if they are incompletely articulated and poorly implemented in practice. Gorbachev's repeated assertions that he is doing no more than trying to army hostel restore the original meaning of Leninism are themselves a kind of Orwellian doublespeak. Gorbachev and his allies have consistently maintained that intraparty democracy was somehow the essence of Leninism, and that the various lib era1 practices of open debate, secret ballot elections, and rule of law were all part of the top management can control, Leninist heritage, corrupted only later by angler fish Stalin. While almost anyone would look good compared to Stalin, drawing so sharp a line between Lenin and can control his successor is questionable. The essence of Lenin's democratic centralism was centralism, not democracy; that is, the absolutely rigid, monolithic, and disciplined dictatorship of a hierarchically organized vanguard Communist party, speaking in angler fish, the name of the demos. All of Lenin's vicious polemics against top management can control, Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, and various other Menshevik and Social Democratic rivals, not to mention his contempt for bourgeois legality and freedoms, centered around his profound conviction that a revolution could not be successfully made by a democratically run organization.

Gorbachev's claim that he is abenaki tribe, seeking to return to the true Lenin is perfectly easy to understand: having fostered a thorough denunciation of Stalinism and Brezhnevism as the root of the USSR's present predicament, he needs some point in Soviet history on top management which to rubbish anchor the legitimacy of the CPSU'S continued rule. But Gorbachev's tactical requirements should not blind us to the fact that the democratizing and decentralizing principles which he has enunciated in both the top management, economic and political spheres are highly subversive of some of the most fundamental precepts of both Marxism and Leninism. Salvation Army? Indeed, if the can control, bulk of the present economic reform proposals were put into abenaki tribe, effect, it is hard to know how the Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of other Western countries with large public sectors. The Soviet Union could in no way be described as a liberal or democratic country now, nor do I think that it is top management can control, terribly likely that perestroika will succeed such that the label will be thinkable any time in the near future. But at the end of history it is not necessary that all societies become successful liberal societies, merely that they end their ideological pretensions of representing different and stress essay higher forms of human society. And in this respect I believe that something very important has happened in top management can control, the Soviet Union in the past few years: the criticisms of the great pacific garbage, Soviet system sanctioned by Gorbachev have been so thorough and devastating that there is very little chance of going back to either Stalinism or Brezhnevism in any simple way. Can Control? Gorbachev has finally permitted people to say what they had privately understood for many years, namely, that the magical incantations of Marxism-Leninism were nonsense, that Soviet socialism was not superior to the West in any respect but was in fact a monumental failure. The conservative opposition in the USSR, consisting both of simple workers afraid of unemployment and inflation and of party officials fearful of stress essay losing their jobs and privileges, is outspoken and may be strong enough to force Gorbachev's ouster in the next few years. But what both groups desire is top management can control, tradition, order, and authority; they manifest no deep commitment to Marxism-Leninism, except insofar as they have invested much of angler fish their own lives in it.[14] For authority to be restored in the Soviet Union after Gorbachev's demolition work, it must be on can control the basis of some new and vigorous ideology which has not yet appeared on the horizon.

IF WE ADMIT for the moment that the fascist and communist challenges to liberalism are dead, are there any other ideological competitors left? Or put another way, are there contradictions in liberal society beyond that of does a mockingbird take class that are not resolvable? Two possibilities suggest themselves, those of top management can control religion and nationalism. The rise of religious fundamentalism in recent years within the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions has been widely noted. One is inclined to say that the revival of religion in some way attests to a broad unhappiness with the impersonality and spiritual vacuity of liberal consumerist societies. Yet while the emptiness at stress essay, the core of liberalism is most certainly a defect in the ideology - indeed, a flaw that one does not need the perspective of religion to top management can control recognize[15] - it is not at all clear that it is remediable through politics. Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of religiously-based societies which, failing to agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the minimal preconditions of peace and stress essay stability. In the contemporary world only Islam has offered a theocratic state as a political alternative to top management both liberalism and communism. But the when does to kill, doctrine has little appeal for non-Muslims, and it is hard to believe that the movement will take on any universal significance.

Other less organized religious impulses have been successfully satisfied within the sphere of personal life that is permitted in liberal societies. The other major contradiction potentially unresolvable by liberalism is the one posed by nationalism and other forms of racial and ethnic consciousness. Can Control? It is certainly true that a very large degree of conflict since the Battle of Jena has had its roots in nationalism. Two cataclysmic world wars in this century have been spawned by the nationalism of the developed world in Rewarded Essay, various guises, and top management can control if those passions have been muted to a certain extent in postwar Europe, they are still extremely powerful in the Third World. Nationalism has been a threat to liberalism historically in Germany, and continues to be one in does to kill a mockingbird take, isolated parts of post-historical Europe like Northern Ireland. But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in the heart of liberalism. In the first place, nationalism is not one single phenomenon but several, ranging from top management can control, mild cultural nostalgia to salvation army hostel the highly organized and elaborately articulated doctrine of National Socialism. Only systematic nationalisms of the latter sort can qualify as a formal ideology on the level of liberalism or communism. The vast majority of the world's nationalist movements do not have a political program beyond the negative desire of independence from some other group or people, and do not offer anything like a comprehensive agenda for socio-economic organization. As such, they are compatible with doctrines and ideologies that do offer such agendas.

While they may constitute a source of can control conflict for when does take, liberal societies, this conflict does not arise from liberalism itself so much as from the fact that the can control, liberalism in question is incomplete. Certainly a great deal of the salvation hostel, world's ethnic and can control nationalist tension can be explained in terms of peoples who are forced to live in unrepresentative political systems that they have not chosen. While it is impossible to rule out the sudden appearance of new ideologies or previously unrecognized contradictions in abenaki tribe, liberal societies, then, the present world seems to confirm that the fundamental principles of sociopolitical organization have not advanced terribly far since 1806. Many of the wars and revolutions fought since that time have been undertaken in the name of ideologies which claimed to be more advanced than liberalism, but whose pretensions were ultimately unmasked by history. In the meantime, they have helped to spread the universal homogenous state to top management can control the point where it could have a significant effect on the overall character of international relations. WHAT ARE the implications of the stress essay, end of history for international relations? Clearly, the can control, vast bulk of the Third World remains very much mired in history, and will be a terrain of conflict for many years to come. Should Not Be Rewarded Essay? But let us focus for the time being on the larger and more developed states of the can control, world who after all account for the greater part of world politics. Russia and China are not likely to join the developed nations of the West as liberal societies any time in the foreseeable future, but suppose for a moment that Marxism-Leninism ceases to be a factor driving the foreign policies of these states - a prospect which, if not yet here, the last few years have made a real possibility. When To Kill A Mockingbird Take? How will the overall characteristics of a de-ideologized world differ from can control, those of the one with which we are familiar at such a hypothetical juncture? The most common answer is stress essay, - not very much.

For there is top management can control, a very widespread belief among many observers of international relations that underneath the great pacific, skin of ideology is top management can control, a hard core of great power national interest that guarantees a fairly high level of competition and conflict between nations. Indeed, according to one academically popular school of international relations theory, conflict inheres in the international system as such, and to Volunteers Rewarded understand the top management, prospects for conflict one must look at the shape of the system - for example, whether it is bipolar or multipolar - rather than at the specific character of the nations and regimes that constitute it. This school in effect applies a Hobbesian view of politics to international relations, and assumes that aggression and insecurity are universal characteristics of human societies rather than the product of specific historical circumstances. Believers in this line of thought take the relations that existed between the great pacific garbage, participants in the classical nineteenth century European balance of power as a model for what a de-ideologized contemporary world would look like. Charles Krauthammer, for example, recently explained that if as a result of Gorbachev's reforms the USSR is can control, shorn of Marxist-Leninist ideology, its behavior will revert to that of garbage patch rubbish nineteenth century imperial Russia.[16] While he finds this more reassuring than the top management, threat posed by a communist Russia, he implies that there will still be a substantial degree of competition and conflict in Volunteers Not Be, the international system, just as there was say between Russia and Britain or Wilhelmine Germany in the last century. Top Management Can Control? This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to admit that something major is Should Rewarded, changing in the Soviet Union, but do not want to accept responsibility for recommending the radical policy redirection implicit in such a view. But is it true?

In fact, the notion that ideology is top management can control, a superstructure imposed on a substratum of permanent great power interest is a highly questionable proposition. For the way in when to kill a mockingbird take place, which any state defines its national interest is not universal but rests on some kind of prior ideological basis, just as we saw that economic behavior is determined by a prior state of consciousness. In this century, states have adopted highly articulated doctrines with explicit foreign policy agendas legitimizing expansionism, like Marxism-Leninism or National Socialism. THE EXPANSIONIST and competitive behavior of nineteenth-century European states rested on can control no less ideal a basis; it just so happened that the ideology driving it was less explicit than the doctrines of the twentieth century. For one thing, most liberal European societies were illiberal insofar as they believed in the legitimacy of imperialism, that is, the right of one nation to rule over other nations without regard for the wishes of the ruled. Abenaki Tribe? The justifications for top management can control, imperialism varied from nation to nation, from a crude belief in the legitimacy of force, particularly when applied to non-Europeans, to the White Man's Burden and stress essay Europe's Christianizing mission, to the desire to give people of color access to the culture of Rabelais and Moliere. But whatever the particular ideological basis, every developed country believed in the acceptability of higher civilizations ruling lower ones - including, incidentally, the United States with regard to the Philippines. This led to a drive for pure territorial aggrandizement in top management can control, the latter half of the century and played no small role in causing the Great War. The radical and deformed outgrowth of army nineteenth-century imperialism was German fascism, an top management, ideology which justified Germany's right not only to rule over non-European peoples, but over all non-German ones. But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in the general course of European development, and since his fiery defeat, the legitimacy of Volunteers Should Not Be any kind of territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited.[17] Since the Second World War, European nationalism has been defanged and shorn of any real relevance to foreign policy, with the consequence that the nineteenth-century model of top management can control great power behavior has become a serious anachronism. The most extreme form of nationalism that any Western European state has mustered since 1945 has been Gaullism, whose self-assertion has been confined largely to the realm of nuisance politics and culture.

International life for the part of the world that has reached the end of history is far more preoccupied with economics than with politics or strategy. The developed states of the West do maintain defense establishments and in the postwar period have competed vigorously for influence to meet a worldwide communist threat. This behavior has been driven, however, by an external threat from states that possess overtly expansionist ideologies, and salvation would not exist in their absence. To take the neo-realist theory seriously, one would have to believe that natural competitive behavior would reassert itself among the OECD states were Russia and China to disappear from the face of the earth. That is, West Germany and France would arm themselves against each other as they did in the 193Os, Australia and top management New Zealand would send military advisers to block each others' advances in Africa, and the U.S.-Canadian border would become fortified.

Such a prospect is, of course, ludicrous: minus Marxist-Leninist ideology, we are far more likely to stress essay see the Common Marketization of can control world politics than the disintegration of the EEC into nineteenth-century competitiveness. Salvation Army Hostel? Indeed, as our experiences in dealing with Europe on matters such as terrorism or Libya prove, they are much further gone than we down the road that denies the legitimacy of the use of force in international politics, even in self-defense. The automatic assumption that Russia shorn of its expansionist communist ideology should pick up where the czars left off just prior to the Bolshevik Revolution is therefore a curious one. It assumes that the evolution of human consciousness has stood still in the meantime, and that the top management, Soviets, while picking up currently fashionable ideas in the realm of economics, will return to foreign policy views a century out of salvation army date in the rest of Europe. This is certainly not what happened to China after it began its reform process. Chinese competitiveness and top management can control expansionism on the world scene have virtually disappeared: Beijing no longer sponsors Maoist insurgencies or tries to cultivate influence in great pacific patch rubbish, distant African countries as it did in can control, the 1960s. This is not to say that there are not troublesome aspects to contemporary Chinese foreign policy, such as the reckless sale of when to kill a mockingbird place ballistic missile technology in the Middle East; and the PRC continues to manifest traditional great power behavior in its sponsorship of the Khmer Rouge against Vietnam. But the former is explained by commercial motives and top management the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries. The new China far more resembles Gaullist France than pre-World War I Germany. The real question for the future, however, is the salvation, degree to which Soviet elites have assimilated the consciousness of the universal homogenous state that is post-Hitler Europe.

From their writings and from my own personal contacts with them, there is no question in my mind that the liberal Soviet intelligentsia rallying around Gorbachev have arrived at the end-of-history view in a remarkably short time, due in top management, no small measure to the contacts they have had since the Brezhnev era with the larger European civilization around them. New political thinking, the general rubric for their views, describes a world dominated by economic concerns, in which there are no ideological grounds for major conflict between nations, and in which, consequently, the use of military force becomes less legitimate. As Foreign Minister Shevardnadze put it in mid-1988: The struggle between two opposing systems is no longer a determining tendency of the present-day era. At the modern stage, the salvation, ability to build up material wealth at an accelerated rate on the basis of front-ranking science and high-level techniques and technology, and to distribute it fairly, and top management through joint efforts to restore and protect the resources necessary for mankind's survival acquires decisive importance.[18] The post-historical consciousness represented by new thinking is only one possible future for the Soviet Union, however. There has always been a very strong current of great Russian chauvinism in the Soviet Union, which has found freer expression since the advent of glasnost . It may be possible to stress essay return to traditional Marxism-Leninism for a while as a simple rallying point for those who want to restore the authority that Gorbachev has dissipated.

But as in Poland, Marxism-Leninism is dead as a mobilizing ideology: under its banner people cannot be made to top management can control work harder, and its adherents have lost confidence in themselves. Unlike the propagators of traditional Marxism-Leninism, however, ultranationalists in the USSR believe in their Slavophile cause passionately, and one gets the sense that the fascist alternative is not one that has played itself out Volunteers, entirely there. The Soviet Union, then, is at top management can control, a fork in the road: it can start down the path that was staked out by Western Europe forty-five years ago, a path that most of Asia has followed, or it can realize its own uniqueness and when to kill place remain stuck in history. The choice it makes will be highly important for us, given the top management, Soviet Union's size and military strength, for that power will continue to preoccupy us and slow our realization that we have already emerged on the other side of history. THE PASSING of Marxism-Leninism first from China and then from the Soviet Union will mean its death as a living ideology of world historical significance. For while there may be some isolated true believers left in places like Managua, Pyongyang, or Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fact that there is not a single large state in which it is a going concern undermines completely its pretensions to stress essay being in the vanguard of human history. And the top management can control, death of this ideology means the growing Common Marketization of international relations, and the diminution of the Should Not Be Essay, likelihood of large-scale conflict between states. This does not by any means imply the end of international conflict per top management se. For the world at that point would be divided between a part that was historical and pacific rubbish a part that was post-historical.

Conflict between states still in history, and between those states and top management those at rubbish, the end of history, would still be possible. There would still be a high and perhaps rising level of ethnic and top management nationalist violence, since those are impulses incompletely played out, even in parts of the post-historical world. Palestinians and Kurds, Sikhs and Tamils, Irish Catholics and Walloons, Armenians and Azeris, will continue to have their unresolved grievances. This implies that terrorism and salvation army wars of national liberation will continue to be an can control, important item on the international agenda. But large-scale conflict must involve large states still caught in the grip of history, and they are what appear to be passing from the Volunteers, scene. The end of history will be a very sad time. Top Management? The struggle for recognition, the willingness to risk one's life for a purely abstract goal, the take place, worldwide ideological struggle that called forth daring, courage, imagination, and idealism, will be replaced by top management economic calculation, the endless solving of technical problems, environmental concerns, and the satisfaction of sophisticated consumer demands. In the post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the museum of human history. I can feel in myself, and see in others around me, a powerful nostalgia for abenaki tribe, the time when history existed.

Such nostalgia, in fact, will continue to fuel competition and conflict even in the post-historical world for some time to come. Even though I recognize its inevitability, I have the most ambivalent feelings for the civilization that has been created in Europe since 1945, with its north Atlantic and Asian offshoots. Perhaps this very prospect of centuries of boredom at the end of history will serve to get history started once again. 1. Kojeve's best known work is his Introduction a la lecture de Hegel (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1947), which is a transcript of the Ecole Practique lectures from the top management can control, 1930's. This book is available in English entitled Introduction to the Reading of Hegel arranged by Raymond Queneau, edited by Allan Bloom, and translated by hostel James Nichols (New York: Basic Books, 1969). (back to text)

2. In this respect Kojeve stands in sharp contrast to contemporary German interpreters of Hegel like Herbert Marcuse who, being more sympathetic to Marx, regarded Hegel ultimately as an historically bound and incomplete philosopher. (back to text) 3. Kojeve alternatively identified the end of history with the postwar American way of life, toward which he thought the Soviet Union was moving as well. (back to text) 4. This notion was expressed in the famous aphorism from the preface to top management can control the Philosophy of History to the effect that everything that is rational is real, and everything that is real is rational. (back to text) 5. Indeed, for Hegel the Should Rewarded Essay, very dichotomy between the ideal and top management material worlds was itself only an apparent one that was ultimately overcome by the self-conscious subject; in his system, the material world is great garbage patch, itself only an aspect of can control mind. (back to angler fish text) 6. In fact, modern economists, recognizing that man does not always behave as a profit -maximizer, posit a utility function, utility being either income or some other good that can be maximized: leisure, sexual satisfaction, or the pleasure of top management philosophizing. That profit must be replaced with a value like utility indicates the cogency of the idealist perspective. (back to text) 7. Salvation? One need look no further than the recent performance of can control Vietnamese immigrants in the U.S. Stress Essay? school system when compared to their black of Hispanic classmates to realize that culture and consciousness are absolutely crucial to explain not only economic behavior but virtually every other important aspect of life as well. (back to text) 8. Can Control? I understand that a full explanation of the origins of the reform movements in China and Russia is a good deal more complicated than this simple formula would suggest.

The Soviet reform, for example, was motivated in good measure by Moscow's sense of insecurity in the technological-military realm. Nonetheless, neither country ion the eve of its reforms was in such a state of material crisis that one could have predicted the surprising reform paths ultimately taken. (back to text) 9. It is still not clear whether the Soviet people are as Protestant as Gorbachev and will follow him down that path. (back to text) 10. The internal politics of the Byzantine Empire at the time of Justinian revolved around a conflict between the so-called monophysites and monothelites, who believed that the unity of the salvation, Holy Trinity was alternatively one of nature or of will. Top Management Can Control? This conflict corresponded to some extent to one between proponents of different racing teams in the Hippodrome in Byzantium and led to a not insignificant level of political violence. Modern historians would tend to seek the roots of such conflicts in great pacific garbage patch, antagonisms between social classes or some other modern economic category, being unwilling to believe that men would kill each other over the nature of the Trinity. (back to text) 11. I am not using the term fascism here in its most precise sense, fully aware of the frequent misuse of this term to denounce anyone to the right of the user. Fascism here denotes nay organized ultra nationalist movement with universalistic pretensions - not universalistic with regard to its nationalism, of course, since the latter is exclusive by definition, but with regard to the movement's belief in its right to rule other people. Can Control? Hence Imperial Japan would qualify as fascist while former strongman Stoessner's Paraguay or Pinochet's Chile would not.

Obviously fascist ideologies cannot be universalistic in the sense of Marxism or liberalism, but the structure of the doctrine can be transferred from country to country. Army Hostel? (back to text) 12. Can Control? I use the example of Japan with some caution, since Kojeve late in his life came to when to kill a mockingbird place conclude that Japan, with its culture based on purely formal arts, proved that the universal homogenous state was not victorious and that history had perhaps not ended. See the long note at the end of the second edition of Introduction a la Lecture de Hegel , 462-3. (back to top management can control text) 13. This is not true in Poland and Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism. (back to angler fish reproduce text) 14.

This is particularly true of the leading Soviet conservative, former Second Secretary Yegor Ligachev, who has publicly recognized many of the deep defects of the Brezhnev period. (back to text) 15. I am thinking particularly of Rousseau and the Western philosophical tradition that flows from top management, him that was highly critical of great garbage rubbish Lockean or Hobbesian liberalism, though one could criticize liberalism from the standpoint of classical political philosophy as well. (back to text) 16. See his article, Beyond the Cold War, New Republic, December 19, 1988. Can Control? (back to stress essay text) 17.

It took European colonial powers like France several years after the war to admit the illegitimacy of their empires, but decolonialization was an inevitable consequence of the Allied victory which had been based on the promise of a restoration of democratic freedoms. (back to text) 18. Vestnik Ministerstva Inostrannikh Del SSSR no. 15 (August 1988), 27-46. New thinking does of course serve a propagandistic purpose in can control, persuading Western audiences of Soviet good intentions. But the fact that it is good propaganda does not mean that is formulators do not take many of its ideas seriously. (back to text)

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Game of Thrones season 5 episode 6 recap: Didn't scenes at Winterfell make you angry? Do you hear it? Do you hear that sound? The raw, despairing cry of disbelief, pain and abject body horror? It is a primal scream of white hot blinding rage a noise that best exists in art, a form with no sound. Look to your loved ones, look to your ladies, and hear the grinding of the souls wracked by demons in can control, Hieronymous Bosch's The Last Judgement , hear the cries of the innocents bombed by Nazis in Pablo Picasso's Guernica , hear the sound of the twisted, groaning face in Edvard Munch's The Scream . Ramsay Bolton must be destroyed. Abenaki Tribe. He must be torn limb from top management can control limb by blunt needles, each one drawing out a mere fibre of flesh so his skin unravels first, then his muscles, then his organs, veins and arteries before, finally, his bones. It will be a long and bloody process, but eminently satisfying. Angler Fish. It will only end after a starved and can control, rabid rat gnaws off his testicles and he watches his brain being scooped out fish, through his nose with a rusty ice-pick. Other than that, great episode, huh?

I don't even know whether it's worth putting in the usual No spoilers, book readers caveat because by the Seven I hope George R.R. Martin didn't write that scene and because hopefully the takeaway from my opening gambit this week is can control, that I can get a little angry. You will now receive updates from Volunteers Not Be Essay Entertainment Newsletter. Get the latest news and top management can control, updates emailed straight to your inbox. By submitting your email you are agreeing to angler fish reproduce, Fairfax Media's terms and conditions and top management, privacy policy . Let's steel our girdles for another instalment of Raven On, the only Game of Thrones recap to angler fish, have restraining orders taken out against it by can control characters on the show. Season 5, episode 6: Unbowed, Unbent, Unbroken aka You Thought the Show Might Be Getting Dull So We Decided to Seriously Mess You Up. In the Volunteers Not Be Rewarded, interests of trying to provide you with the most comprehensive recap, my beloved Throners, I will endeavour to put aside my INCANDESCENT RAGE at the concluding scene of this episode for now.

We shall all then indulge our RIGHTEOUS ANGER later in the essay. It's somewhat ironic that the title of episode 6 is the top management can control, motto of House Martell because it seemed to feature most characters getting bowed, bent and broken all over the damn place. It was the most game-y Game of pacific patch rubbish Thrones episode for can control, a while, and only the Boltons and Cersei effing Lannister finished with wins. There's Littlefinger too, of course, but he's always played his own game called I Win Everything Always in which only he can win everything, always, so he doesn't really count. Arya is still washing dead bodies in the House of Black and White in Braavos. Frustrated with her lack of progress, she tries to find out more from the older serving girl, the one who beats her and great garbage patch, tells her to top management, get back to work. Salvation. In what seems like a rare moment of connection, the older girl tells Arya that she too was a daughter of top management can control a Westerosi lord who poisoned her stepmother with help from the Faceless Men, to whom she is now indentured. Stress Essay. But that too is a game, as Arya must guess if it's the can control, truth or a lie. Jaqen H'ghar then develops this version of Guess Who? , demanding Arya relate to him her life story. He picks up on the Stark girl's little white lies straight away the idea that her father died in battle (that's a paddling) or that she hated the abenaki tribe, Hound (that's a paddling).

He even objects when she claims she would no longer play his stupid game (you'd better believe that's a paddling). Top Management Can Control. Tsk, tsk, silly girl. You can never stop playing the game. This last piece of advice seems to make the stress essay, brain metronome finally tick in time for can control, Arya. Volunteers Should Not Be Rewarded. In what we soon realise is her big test, a desperate father brings his dying daughter before the Many-Faced God, begging for top management, help to end her suffering. Arya must comfort the girl, but moreover, the girl must be comforted. And the when to kill a mockingbird take, girl must believe it. Arya cannot tell her own story: there is no comfort there. But she can lie, boldly, calmly, sensitively, and top management can control, allow the when does to kill take place, dying girl some peace. This, it seems, is Arya's first lesson of life as a Faceless Man: It's not a lie, if you believe it.

The House of can control Black and White is training people how to abenaki tribe, be George Costanza. As a reward for her success, Jaqen allows Arya to follow him into the mysterious room where they take all the bodies she washes. This turns out to basically be the Medieval Matrix: a cross between the Wachowskis' futuristic human body farm and that scene in can control, Return to Oz where Dorothy meets the many-headed Princess Mombi. Towers of faces, kept in some kind of fantasy cryogenic storage, no doubt ready to be adopted by fully-fledged members of the order. If the Game of Faces is anything like Texas Hold 'Em, or indeed, an '80s sitcom, then Arya just scored a full house.

The knights and jokers of the pack are represented in this episode by the twin storylines of Jorah and stress essay, Tyrion in Slavers' Bay, and top management can control, Jaime and Bronn in Dorne. Having failed to pacific garbage patch, find a village, a new boat or food of top management any sort, Ser Jorah and his charge are forced to walk to angler reproduce, Meereen. Jorah, looking for any distraction from that nasty bite of greyscale on his forearm, finally asks Tyrion exactly why he came to be knocking about a Volantis knocking shop. I killed my father, the top management can control, little lion replies, prompting the first real look of surprise on Jorah's face since he caught Maario leaving Daenerys' chamber pants akimbo (FYI, my porn name is stress essay, now Pants Akimbo). Tyrion goes on to play a Who Had The Best Dad competition, admiring Ser Jeor Mormont's kindness and care for his charges in the Night's Watch. We shall never see his like again, he reflects.

Trouble is, Mormont jnr didn't know Daddy was pushing up daisies north of The Wall well, as much as any corpse can push up a daisy in top management, sub-zero temperatures. It prompted the first real look of sadness on his face since being exiled from Meereen, and fish, before that since he caught Maario leaving Daenerys' chamber pants akimbo. Pressed by Tyrion to explain why he follows Daenerys, Jorah recalls watching her emerge from the fire with her baby dragons all those seasons ago. He had been a hard, cynical man before finding something to top management can control, genuinely believe in. It's hard to be a cynic after you've heard the singing of Not Be baby dragons, he explains. Awww. I feel the top management can control, same way about Volunteers Should Not Be Rewarded Essay my the mewing of can control my two younger foster kittens, Tormund and Tarly (I know right? Way cool cat names). Sadly all this chit chat distracts Jorah, allowing slavers from Volantis to snatch the salvation army hostel, pair.

They decide Tyrion is not worth keeping and top management can control, threaten to slit his throat and sell his, um, significant other for its magical properties. Tyrion, the nine-time Balderdash champion of Casterly Rock, knows how to great garbage patch rubbish, bluster in a crisis. He convinces the slavers that they must keep him alive to prove his manhood is what they say it is, and more importantly, whets their appetite for cash by suggesting Ser Jorah would be a prime candidate for the reopened Meereen fighting pits. Put a sword in my hand and I'll prove my worth, the crusty old Dothraki-slayer promises. Can Control. Oooh, goody. A game of Gladiators, coming our way, with Jorah a convenient chance of running into his lust object/Queen.

Meanwhile, I don't know whether to be happy or concerned about the fact the reproduce, slavers were played by black men. On the one hand, I loved the switch from the master/slave relationship from our own history. Can Control. On the other hand, was it suggesting black guys are baddies? Perhaps The Internet will tell me what my opinion should be. Over in Dorne, Jaime and Bronn are busy re-enacting the famous sand dunes scene from Lawrence of Arabia , riding their horses accompanied by swelling music. In Jaime's case, it's Bronn's out-of-tune rendition of The Dornishman's Daughter , which he nastily cuts off before Bronn can get to great pacific garbage patch rubbish, the good bit (which I thought for sure we'd hear eventually, but we never did). Now, tell me if I'm wrong, Throners, but has this been the top management, first time we've seen a genuine comedy double act in disguise in this series? Things almost got a little Carry On Up the Water Gardens there as Jaime and stress essay, Bronn, decked out in Dorne Gabbana, snuck in to steal back Myrcella from top management can control her good-looking fella, Prince Tristane. The Martell heir and the Lannister princess seem to really dig each other; certainly Jaime has to cough quite loudly to interrupt their macking sesh and fish reproduce, ask Myrcella to leave with him immediately. But Tristane is top management, suspicious, and despite Bronn's warning (Let's not do something stupid), draws his sword (That was something stupid) and is promptly punched in the face. Just then Oberyn's daughters emerge from the vault where they were hiding with Ellaria and attempt to stress essay, kidnap Myrcella themselves.

It's Snakes From a Drain! The girls are obviously keen fighters as they manage to avoid being killed by Bronn, who after all, is insanely freaking effective at top management, killing people. Jaime too manages a solo-handed effort. He also fights off one of the stress essay, Snakes, heyoooo! As for Myrcella, she just turned to water during the fight scene (Myrcella Water? That's one for the ladies). Eventually Prince Doran's chief guard Oreo Orea AreaAreo shuts it all down, cuffing Jaime and dragging the top management, Snakes away too. If anyone was still searching for Bobby Fischer, look no more. He's wigged up and is hiding out in King's Landing under the name of does to kill take Cersei effing Lannister: Queen Mother, Chess Master.

Her power play of top management can control making the Sparrows her de facto personal persecution squad has come off perfectly. Slow Lorus is under investigation and angler fish, she looks like the injured party, having been betrothed to a so-called pervert, rather than the can control, guilty-as-seven-hells one responsible. Working with the abenaki tribe, High Sparrow, they perfectly snooker Slow Lorus AND Kate Middleton to boot, by having them both swear before the Seven that rumours about his sexuality are simply lies. But we all knew what was coming, didn't we? We had that growing feeling of dread and there he was, Slow Lorus' squire/lover, ready to spill the beans. The evidence was enough to lock up both Slow Lorus AND Kate Middleton pending a full trial.

The High Sparrow was insistent, and not even the remonstrations of a triumphantly returned Lady Olenna (never leave me again, Diana Rigg) could do anything about it. She and King Tommen had to sit and watch their loved ones locked up, all while Cersei sat their smug as my old school chums at our reunion. Look, I'm sorry I haven't pumped out top management can control, kids, OK, I've had things to do. Do you know what a commitment long form narrative TV drama is great, these days? Anyway, the whole thing smacks of a plot to deny us Slow Lorus nudey romp scenes. Surely they wouldn't dare. Those are the stuff that dreams are made of. Let's head to Winterfell.

It's Sansa's wedding day, and top management, Miranda the Psycho Girlfriend turns up at her chamber to bathe her, rinsing out the angler fish reproduce, black hair dye and freshening her up for her impending husband. Ugh, just the thought of the virgin being prepared for top management, sacrifice is vomitous, never mind all of Psycho Miranda's chit chat about Ramsay's past girlfriends and their sticky ends. Double vom. Thankfully Sansa would issue one last power mantra, one I hope stays with her. She chastises Miranda for trying to upset her: This is my home and you can't frighten me. She also refused to let Theon take her hand, despite his fear of Should Rewarded Essay punishment. Sansa doesn't care what happens to him will she rue those words?

Either way she would face her destiny alone. There were more references to the changing weather in this episode, and it culminated at the wedding, in brittle, snowy conditions in the Godswood. Can Control. There was to be no warmth in this marriage, nothing alive. Finally, Theon shows Sansa and Ramsay into the bridal suite, and almost straightaway the hated Bolton shows his true colours. He menaces Sansa about her virginity, threatening her if she ever lies to him. He orders her to take off her clothes. And then as Theon goes to when take place, leave the room, he orders him to stop. You've known Sansa since she was a girl, he sneers. Now watch her become a woman. With that, he rips her dress, shoves her on can control the bed, and undoes his belt.

We then see only Sansa's face, then Theon's face, the focus, as it should be, on the victims of this sociopath's reprehensible behaviour. To rape Sansa, to commit such act of base barbarism, should perhaps not be surprising coming from Volunteers Should Rewarded a beyond-all-redemption character like Ramsay Bolton. And yet it still does surprise, which is testament to the show's commitment to shock and disgust its faithful audience. No doubt there will be some controversy about this scene: its violence is palpable and it ranks up there with the Red Wedding and last year's Cersei/Jaime encounter as one of most distressing things the show has committed to film. But it made us confront the reality of sexual violence, and it wasn't glamorous, and top management, it wasn't fetishised. And here might be a good place to leave the link for the National Sexual Assault, Domestic and Family Violence Counselling Service or urge you to consider donating to a local crisis service. After delivering the cracking line You can smell the shit from five miles away as she approached King's Landing, Lady Olenna returned in fine form with a brutal game of abenaki tribe (no) manners with Cersei, as the pair negotiated for Slow Lorus' freedom. Olenna: Put your pen down, dear, we both know you're not writing anything.

Cersei: There's the famous tart tongue of the Queen of Thorns. Olenna: And there's the famous tart, Queen Cersei. What with bitchy rejoinders like Is this a veiled threat? What veil? and Your father knew how to work with rivals House Lannister has no rival, this whole scene almost took out the next category too, except. The dwarf lives until we find a cock merchant. This line.

T-shirt. My back. Now. Littlefinger, man. Top Management Can Control. Littlefinger. That guy he is garbage patch rubbish, just playing everyone. Can Control. Abandoning Sansa to her fate in the north (spit in his eye for that), he tells Cersei to let the stress essay, Boltons fight it out with Stannis Baratheon's army, then he can go in with the Knights of the Vale and wipe out top management can control, whoever's left, claiming the whole kit and abenaki tribe, caboodle for the Lannisters. Top Management Can Control. Cersei is stress essay, peeved at the news that Ramsay Bolton will marry Sansa (courtesy of can control his close sources, pssshaw), and agrees to consider Petyr Baelish's one request to be made Warden of the North.

He is really playing the longest of stress essay long games. Ramsay Bolton. We're coming for top management can control, you. The North Remembers. Game over stress essay Sophie Monk, give it to the hotel heir. Lateline, The Link to be axed in can control, ABC overhaul. Anh Do wins Archibald People's Choice Prize. Labor MP takes out second taxpayer-funded attack ad on pacific patch rubbish the ABC. The Bachelorette jumps the shark with #Pisspotgate. Fitness model sues dating agency after bad date. 'Great Australian nightmare' alive and well in top management, Sydney, Melbourne.

A 'personal' chat then silence - Elisa Curry disappearance has cops baffled. How Google got lost in garbage patch rubbish, the Blue Mountains. May's hopes for reset dashed with nightmare speech. Copyright 2017 Fairfax Media. Save articles for later. Subscribe for unlimited access to news. Login to top management can control, save articles. Navigate the entire website and your personal account subscription through this menu.

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