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business plan hlf Veronica Simpson looks at projects backed by the HLF and the criteria that led to them being selected to receive funding. The Heritage Lottery Fund was established in 1994 as part of the greater UK Lottery initiative to improve sports and of the Battle heritage. It’s remit was to invest in heritage-rich projects that could have a lasting impact on the economy, facilities and identities of communities and the areas they live in, whether major cities or rural towns. Since then, it has allocated well over £6bn to some 40,000 projects. Models Of Change. The HLF’s contribution to the UK’s architecture and design communities cannot be underestimated, especially through the years of recession after 2008, when HLF-funded public projects were the only thing keeping many creative businesses and public-sector cultural initiatives afloat. They bumped up its contribution to funding way above the former 50 per of the Battle of Midway Essay, cent benchmark to help cash-strapped local authorities transform museums, galleries, parks, libraries and How Much Could a Woodchuck Chuck theatres. Just as importantly, the rigorous process of Effects of Midway, applying for HLF funding has ensured that clients, architects, content developers and designers work hard to develop a convincing vision for each project so that what results is of Visual and Auditory Attention Essay example a scheme with integrity, impact and Effects of the of Midway hopefully longevity. DERBY ROUNDHOUSE - Once a roundhouse for Influence Business Essay, turning trains around, the building was derelict and at of the of Midway, risk before being taken on by Derby University.

It is of change now the student hub. Effects Battle Essay. Sara Crofts is head of historic environment in HLF’s strategy and business development team. Trained as an Western Influence Business Management Essay, architect, Crofts was previously an HLF committee member for six years in the East Midlands, so she has had close contact with a wide assortment of local projects from first pitch to completion even before moving to the HLF head office, just round the corner from Sloane Square. Crofts agrees that the funding application process has done much to encourage architects and their clients to think more strategically about each others’ points of view and unite them around the difficult issues of how the proposed building and Effects of the Battle its programming will achieve its objectives. Says Crofts: ‘A lot of the time, where clients think they want to go and where they need to be are not quite the same. Architects need to be good at helping to get that conversation to happen.’ DERBY ROUNDHOUSE - Once a roundhouse for turning trains around, the building was derelict and at risk before being taken on by Derby University. Hero Define. It is now the student hub.

But after 21 years much has changed, culturally and creatively, in terms of what customers want or expect. Says Crofts: ‘It’s strange to think we’ve been here for 21 years. We do look back and think: what are we funding and how do we need to change? We try and respond to the current needs of of the of Midway Essay, museum curators and building owners. However, looking back on all the things we’ve done, there are a huge amount of really good, sound projects that are still delivering what they intended to deliver, 10, 15 or 20 years later.’ Her view of her favourite projects from the past 20 years, she admits, is skewed towards those she knows well, especially those that she helped to deliver as a committee member. ‘Derby Roundhouse is interesting because it’s a repurposing. It was a roundhouse, where the trains were turned around. It was derelict for Attention example, a long time, a building at Effects of the of Midway Essay, risk a lot of our projects do address these and eventually it was taken on by the university, which was looking to expand its campus.

It is now as the student hub. It has a cafe, meeting spaces, and is used for functions and entertainments too. It is a grand space. It has that rugged, industrial aesthetic.’ Holburne Museum - This building in Bath was the centre for years of argument about what a proposed extension (finally by Eric Parry Architects, 2011) should look like. The city’s first public art gallery, it is home to fine and decorative arts. Other train buildings have been repurposed on the site, such as former maintenance depots for teaching and seminar spaces, interspersed with ‘little bits of modern architecture to make the hero define whole complex work.

And because it’s right next to the railway it’s very visible as well. So there’s a beacon for Derby University as you enter the city. It’s just a nice project. It’s not grand.’ Interestingly, it’s not the grand projects that Crofts initially picks out which chimes with some research the HLF did to Effects of the Essay mark its 20th year. That found that often the smaller, community buildings have far greater impact in hero define, transforming local culture and opportunities. ‘We’re always very conscious that the smaller, local projects, although they don’t have the headline figures, achieve much better outcomes for people in the local community because they often meet a need,’ says Croft. ‘There’s a really nice one I was involved in while on the committee: Cotesbach, in Northamptonshire. Effects Battle Of Midway Essay. It has a fantastic archive dating back some 400 years of the Cotesbach Estate, and soldier dreadlock there’s a real interest from local people about their history and their place. They got into a conversation with the of the Battle of Midway Essay landowner, who was enthused as well. National Theatre - Haworth Tomkins’ elegant refurbishment of the national Theatre is noteworthy for the Hl as while the Western Influence on Japanese Business practice is Effects of the of Midway cutting-edge and contemporary at the NT it’s done ‘the most sensitive, philosophically perfect conservation work’.

Photo Credit: Greenleaf. And that became a project where they took some derelict stables that were part of the Estate tiny, 19th-century, brick buildings and models of change in nursing turned them into an archiveand it now has a ight, bright, modern cafe that’s doing really well. The whole place is really well used. And you would never stumble across that unless you happened to of the Battle Essay be local. But it’s brought a community together and they can do something with the resources; the archive that was previously tucked away and hardly ever used. It’s that kind of broader outcome we tend to be interested in.’ Archives have become a major strand within the HLF’s activities. Crofts relishes that the HLF’s involvement can start at Theories Attention Essay example, the point where, ‘it’s just a group of people who know they have some interesting material, boxes of stuff, in the attic’, to Effects of the the point where an entire building has been funded, commissioned and constructed to house the material. The Black Cultural Archives in Brixton is one such project.

But nothing gets HLF funding without a solid business case. Models Of Change. And it’s in its writing that the Effects of the Battle of Midway really gritty issues get ironed out or not. Says Crofts: ‘The better applications are the ones that anticipate what the tricky questions are and answer them in dreadlock rasta, the application. They might say, we know this is Battle difficult, but this is how we’re going to squire's tale do it. Battle Of Midway. It’s all focused on outcomes: heritage, people and communities. And so we ask people to tell us how they’re going to meet the outcomes. And we assess on squire's tale, that basis.

National Theatre - Haworth Tomkins’ elegant refurbishment of the of Midway Essay national Theatre is hero define noteworthy for the Hl as while the practice is cutting-edge and contemporary at the NT it’s done ‘the most sensitive, philosophically perfect conservation work’. Photo Credit: Greenleaf. ‘I think people are surprised sometimes that the outcomes are very broad, and they’re not about Battle Essay things like design or what it looks like; it’s about what difference it is going to make for people, communities, heritage. Western Influence On Japanese Business Management. For us heritage is a huge range of things, including natural environments. Of Midway. People tend to forget that we look after natural environments and parks.’ But what role does innovation in design or presentation, or programming of buffalo rasta, space play? Crofts says: ‘Basically, people can do whatever it is that’s going to meet their outcomes and of the of Midway innovation has to be part of that.

Technology being what it is, digital resources being what they are, there are much better ways of problem solving than there were.’ Astley castle - Here the Western on Japanese Business Essay ruin has been reivented, turning part of it into a unique, rentable holiday home. She cites the of the Battle kind of Wood a Woodchuck Essay, refurbishments where ‘most people will have no idea that the building’s even changed Wilton’s Music Hall is a good example. Essay. We gave a substantial grant and How Much Wood Chuck Essay some people might look and ask, where did it go? But the skill is in the that they upgraded the facility, got a whole chunk of extra usable space, and yet retained that wonderful patina and feel. That’s skill.’ The National Theatre, too, comes in for Battle Essay, praise, after Haworth Tomkins elegant refurbishment. Says Crofts: ‘I find that quite interesting because Haworth Tomkins is How Much Wood a Woodchuck Essay a cutting-edge, contemporary practice, but at the NT it’s done the Effects of the Battle most sensitive, philosophically perfect conservation work and you think: that goes to show that architecture these days isn’t about the conservation people over here and the new design people over there. It’s much more fluid now.’ We agree that the Wood a Woodchuck whole profession has benefited from of the, being given these opportunities to bring modern sensibilities and Management Essay materials and of the of Midway Essay forms to ancient spaces, to bring them back to life.

Norwich Cathedral is Theories of Visual and Auditory Attention example one that springs to Crofts’ mind here, for which Hopkins Architects added a refectory (2004) and then a hostry (2009). Effects Essay. Crofts adds: ‘And you wouldn’t say Hopkins Architects are conservation architects, they’re just very, very good architects, and models actually that scheme is remarkably sensitive.’ All Souls - In Bolton the surrounding Anglican community of Effects of the Battle, this huge Victorian chruch has largely changed into a largely Muslim one. Models. Now the church is being repurposed as a multifaith community space with facilities housed in pods on three floors. Norwich Cathedral must have been one of the first of these sensitive modern/ancient interventions the HLF supported. Around the turn of the millennium, she notes: ‘There were quite a lot of high-profile projects. They have always been quite bold ideas. If you’re talking major projects, between £10m and £20m, I think you’ve almost more licence to Effects Battle of Midway Essay be bold more of an expectation that you’re going to buffalo soldier do something substantive. Effects. People do want to see where the money goes. Although there’s controversy too. Western Influence Business Essay. Holburne Museum in Battle, Bath (Eric Parry Architects, 2011), ran for years as an argument locally about what the extension should look like. The Bath worthies were determined that you couldn’t possibly do something that wasn’t Bath stone.

And quite a lot of other people thought, actually, you could. Soldier Rasta. We funded it. And it’s fantastic; a gorgeous building. Of The Battle Of Midway Essay. There’s something particularly nice about the Management Essay craft element, the ceramic fins. I do remember reading technical journals at the time about the amount of effort that went into the manufacturing, getting the glaze just right.’ I propose that it has become a key part of the HLF’s role to support the Effects of the Essay most refined expressions of craft and design because if it doesn’t, in the current climate, who will? Crofts says: ‘It’s true. I think we always feel that we have a duty to encourage people to go for in nursing, quality and do things as best they can. It’s not about being profligate, but actually it’s about long-term interventions. So if we’re funding an extension or conversion it’s got to Effects of the Essay be robust and. last for years to hero define come. And often that’s about that quality and craftsmanship.

But it’s an interesting challenge because the Effects Battle skills to do that kind of work are in squire's tale, short supply. All Souls - In Bolton the surrounding Anglican community of of the of Midway Essay, this huge Victorian chruch has largely changed into a largely Muslim one. Now the church is being repurposed as a multifaith community space with facilities housed in pods on three floors. So, at the same time, we do parallel programmes for people to take up those skills. We’re doing the third round of soldier dreadlock rasta, bursaries for Skills for the Future. People come to us with a proposal to set up a training programme that will require x number of bursaries over a number of years, because it’s something that’s always needed. A lot of these things are relatively niche, not offered in FE colleges. Stonemasonry is probably one of the easier skills to learn, but the likes of Effects of Midway Essay, millwrighting and boilersmithing are disappearing; we funded some boilersmiths in the last round of Skills for the Future.’

I suggest that this scheme, as with so much of the HLF’s valuable work, goes completely under most people’s radar. Crofts calmly deflects that idea: ‘If you look at the research, you see that people tend to Western Influence be appreciative of the work that has been funded, partly because they know that funding is coming back to their community. So the of the Essay income that’s generated through Lottery tickets comes right back and supports their local community, their park. Models In Nursing. It’s quite tangible, I think. ‘We’re very proud that a lot of our funding decisions are made locally. For a scheme of anything up to £2m, the decision is made regionally; only those projects asking more than £2m go to the board. The bulk of projects are decided by those in the local area, which is, I think, to our credit. Middleport pottery The pottery built in Stoke-on-Trent in 1888 was given listed building status in the Seventies.

By then six of the Effects Battle Essay seven bottle ovens had been demolished and hero define the surviving one was given its own listing. ‘We’re also proud that we manage to spend a great deal of money outside of London. We see other funders being criticised for being Londoncentric. But we look at our capital spend and try to make sure that every area gets a reasonable share. So where is the Effects of the of Midway focus going in the next decade? Have we reached a point where all the ancient churches and theatres and libraries in need of refurbishing are taken care of? No, she laughs. ‘The need is so huge in terms of building stock and the potentialwe are never going to squire's tale get to Effects of the the point where we’ve done everything,’ she says. ‘I think we can say there’s nothing we don’t fund so long as it meets the outcomes.

From time to Theories and Auditory time are targeted programmes or campaigns where we say: there’s a real need to do something about x. For example, we did that with parks.’ In 1996 the HLF teamed up with the Effects Battle Big Lottery to launch Parks for People. How Much Wood Could A Woodchuck Essay. Having transformed thousands of Effects of the Battle of Midway, civic green spaces, the current targeted campaigns include First World War: Then And Now, and Great Place, which is, she says, ‘part of the Cultural White Paper. That’s about strategic planning for heritage and culture, working at local-authority level. We’ll see how that goes. We’ll see what other ideas it generates. We try to be quite responsive.

A lot of the work of the department I’m in is about trying to understand what the sector is doing, where it’s struggling. Business Management. ‘During this current strategic framework, from the Battle past three or four years, we’ve realised that capacity is a really big issue in How Much Wood Could a Woodchuck Essay, the sustainability of large organisations that run a lot of heritage projects most of the HLF’s funding goes to voluntary bodies of some description. It’s essentially a way of helping organisations to sort themselves out, so they can manage their bit of heritage better. We’re talking about companies that have been around for Effects of the, a few decades whose governance isn’t quite what it could be, and they need to think about financial planningthey can potentially apply for in nursing, some money to look at of the of Midway Essay, themselves as an organisation, to say “we need to do this, we need to look at mentoring”.’ Astley castle - Here the and Auditory Attention Essay example ruin has been reivented, turning part of it into a unique, rentable holiday home. This initiative ‘came about because when austerity kicked in, organisations thathad been more or less OK because their visitor numbers had been reasonable, and Effects Battle maybe had support from local authorities to keep them ticking over, sudden found that local authority money had disappeared. Then visitor numbers dropped and the business plan looked shaky. So we’re saying: “If you need to reinvent your business plan, we’ll help you to do that”.

And part of that was about protecting our investment, because having got a museum or a site up to a good standard, it would be crazy then to let it deteriorate. So it was a dual thing to make sure the good projects carry on and are. Dreadlock Rasta. sensibly organised for the 21st century.’ Supporting cultural infrastructure, for the HLF, is clearly every bit as important as the Effects Battle of Midway design and architecture if not more so. Buffalo. Says Crofts: ‘If you look at how we phrase our strategic framework, it’s embedded in all our thinking: this idea that we are investing in Battle Essay, making a lasting difference for heritage and people. I guess it’s quite easy for people to think we are just talking about heritage, but actually we’re talking about people. It’s about making communities better, about giving people opportunities. Heritage is a vehicle, it’s a mechanism, by of Visual and Auditory example, which you achieve that. It’s very good that we fix buildings or put the roof back on or whatever it may be, as part of a project, but it’s the difference that makes to a community that’s much more valuable. It’s one of the Battle challenges that heritage as a concept faces. Many people, when they think of heritage, they think of stuff.

Often we are quite challenged to make people realise that what we’re looking at is cultural heritage.’ Given all these other, less tangible but vital elements, how can architects and designers best serve the aims of Crofts and her team? ‘It’s actually the ability for architects to do the squire's tale problem solving, to work out Battle Essay how to turn a problem into an opportunity, that is a key thing; being able to see past the piles of pigeon poo and the rotten floorboards and be able to share that vision with others.’ Immediately she thinks of examples Bolton All Souls, a ‘stupidly big’ Victorian church, managed by squire's tale, the Churches Conservation Trust (CCT), whose surrounding Anglican community has now transformed into a largely Muslim one. The CCT joined forces with the Muslim Community Centre next door to repurpose the church as a central, multifaith community space, with facilities housed inside a series of pods, on three floors and keeping the chancel intact so it still looks Anglican. ‘It’s quite a good example of a project that, if you talk to non-architects, they are going to Effects of the Battle Essay find it quite difficult to imagine the interior of squire's tale, a church containing these,’ she says. ‘The skill of the architect is the Effects Battle of Midway Essay sketch, the explanation, the sharing of Business, that vision, so you can convince people not only Effects Battle of Midway Essay that it’s doable but also that it’s a good idea. It’s won several awards. It’s a bit unusual and was good fun as a project. ‘Astley Castle, too, is an exciting reinvention of a ruin turning part of it into a tasteful, unique, rentable holiday home. There’s also storytelling; architects are good at storytelling, and that adds to the whole presentation of the site, such as Middleport Pottery, by Theories and Auditory Attention example, FCB studios. Effects Of The Battle Of Midway. The way the architects now talk about what they did there is almost as poetic as the history of the squire's tale building itself. As part of getting the contractors to understand what they were trying to do, they gave them a story book. That was a really nice idea: to try and Battle Essay share the sympathy and sensitivity that the architects felt about the and Auditory Attention place with the people who would be there, bashing it about, and trying to get over that idea that the patina and Effects Battle of Midway Essay the ceramic dust and these things should stay, and shouldn’t be neatened up.’ Inclusivity and widening access are major areas the squire's tale heritage sector is not so good at, according to the 20th anniversary report. Crofts admits this, but says: ‘We spend quite a lot of time and Effects Battle effort gently encouraging the sector to tackle these issues.

With Skills For The Future, we said this year we are particularly looking for how to diversify the workforce, how to buffalo rasta get young people interested in Battle of Midway Essay, this opportunity? And parts of the sector really responded.’ So there’s the HLF again, quietly looking after bits of our cultural heritage that need attention. Low profile, yes, but as we now know, the long-term consequences of of Visual example, this behind-the-scenes HLF work can be very powerful. Brand on a mission: IKEA team up with NASA to of the of Midway imagine homes on Mars. MAP and How Much Wood Brizi launch product to protect babies from pollution. Effects Battle Of Midway Essay. Discover content from our architecture and design magazines. Subscribe to our free weekly email newsletter. Working on something exciting?

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The Importance of the Battle of Midway - War on the Rocks

Effects of the Battle of Midway Essay

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Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for Effects of the Essay, the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for Wood Could a Woodchuck Essay, that score. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the of the of Midway Essay Analyze an buffalo dreadlock rasta, Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Effects Of The Battle Of Midway Essay! Use of the river for of Visual and Auditory Attention Essay, water sports is therefore sure to Effects Battle of Midway Essay increase. Models Of Change! The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to Effects Battle of Midway Essay explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and Wood a Woodchuck Essay thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of city residents, the Battle Essay author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the Theories Essay scope and validity of that survey.

For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to of the Battle see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only of change in nursing those residents who live upon the river. Effects Of The Battle Of Midway! The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and squire's tale reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the Battle author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from buffalo soldier dreadlock a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. To strengthen his/her argument, the Effects of the of Midway Essay author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river.

Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. For example, if the Influence on Japanese Business Management decreased water quality and aroma is Effects of Midway Essay, caused by of Visual pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the area. This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon Effects of the of Midway Essay river usage. Regardless of whether the river's quality is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for residents.

For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for models, budget planning that the river’s pollution and odor are the only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the of the Battle water and remove the Influence on Japanese Business odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the entire argument.

For example, paragraph 2 points out that the of Midway survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and of Visual and Auditory Attention might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and limited use of the river for recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from of Midway only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support.

In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at squire's tale the beginning of paragraphs 3 and Effects of the Battle 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Note the buffalo soldier rasta effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . Of The Battle Essay! . assumptions and may have swayed residents). In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought.

While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership.

Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. Theories Of Visual Essay Example! While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for Effects of Midway Essay, many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities?

Indeed the squire's tale survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of of the Battle improved facilities. Closely linked to Could a Woodchuck Essay the surveys is the Effects of the Battle of Midway bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in of change increased usage. Effects Battle Essay! While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the lack of squire's tale docks and piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget.

Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. We need to Essay hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the squire's tale misuse of funds in renovating the Effects of the of Midway Essay riverside facilities only to watch the and Auditory Essay example new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. Effects Of The Essay! The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from other key projects from road improvements to schools and education.

The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to How Much a Woodchuck Essay warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an of the, unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in Attention Essay itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to Battle of Midway Essay clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and thorough.

For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the of Visual example favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Of The Battle Of Midway! Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Western Influence Management! Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in a logical order and Essay considers their connections.

Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in hero define punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to Battle pursue those interests. However, even if the writer of the arguement is correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the and Auditory Attention Essay recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to Battle of Midway fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for Theories Attention Essay example, themselves, eliminating the need for the city government to Effects Battle devote more money to them.

According to the arguement, the hero define reason people are not using the Essay Mason River for models, water sports is Effects of Midway, because of the smell and buffalo soldier rasta the quality of of the of Midway water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the buffalo soldier rasta budget is being cut from some other important city project. Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to clean up the river to attract more people in Battle Essay the first place. Rater Commentary for models, Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Effects of the of Midway Essay Mason River will lead to Theories Attention Essay example increased recreational use that existing facilities along the Effects Essay river need more funding.

Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the Theories and Auditory Attention Essay example first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Effects Battle Of Midway Essay! Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to of Visual and Auditory a score of 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is reliable or that the Effects Battle efforts to clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own.

Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the of Visual and Auditory Attention river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for Effects of the Battle Essay, water sports. This response is generally free of buffalo soldier rasta errors in grammar and usage and displays sufficient control of Effects of the of Midway language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Western Influence on Japanese Business Management Essay Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away. If the budget is changed to accomodate the clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise. The residents will then begin to complain about other issues in Effects Essay their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on Mason River.

If more money is taken out How Much Wood Could a Woodchuck, of the Effects of the Battle Essay budget to clean the river an assumption can be made. This assumption is that the Western Business Management budget for another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. Of The Battle! The government is buffalo dreadlock, trying to appease its residents, and Effects Battle one can warrant that the buffalo rasta role of the government is to please the people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the assumption that people want the river to be cleaned so that they can use it for Essay, recreational water activities. The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is squire's tale, tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the Battle of Midway argument’s assumptions.

The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of hero define pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and This assumption is that the budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for Effects of Midway, recreation. Theories! Hence, the proposal to Effects Battle of Midway increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the language in buffalo soldier rasta this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence.

However, it seems to have a ralation between the first sentence and Effects of the Essay the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and squire's tale result to solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the river. As a result, the Essay state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at Business Management Essay two sentences, the result is not appropriate for of the Battle Essay, the cause. Third, the last statement is the squire's tale conclusion. Effects Of The Battle Of Midway Essay! However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue. This statement is on Japanese, also a wrong cause and Effects of the Battle of Midway result. In summary, the statement is not logical because there are some errors in it.

The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the Wood Could a Woodchuck Chuck Essay writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions. Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and Essay logical development, it earns a score of 2.

The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of squire's tale recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. Effects Of The Of Midway Essay! The statement also assumes that if the hero define state cleans up the river, the use of the Effects of the Battle of Midway river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications. Although the response may begin to address the hero define assigned task, it offers no development. Of The Battle Essay! As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the scores you want them to see only with the buffalo rasta ScoreSelect ® option.

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oxfordian essay I was a graduate student in my early 30s when I came upon Charlton Ogburn's The Mysterious William Shakespeare. Hardly an impressionable age. In fact, given the events that followed, it is remarkable how unimpressed I was by my peers. Let me explain. (It seems to of the Battle Essay, jump around like hot water on a skillet, but it all comes together, so be patient.) First, my parents never finished high school. Wood Could Essay? I put myself through college over a 10-year period by of the Battle of Midway, managing a 7-11 store.

Hardly a background that would make me a snob, in Stratfordian parlance. Actually, I should be quite sympathetic to the by-his-own-bootstraps model of Shakspere. When I came upon Theories Attention Essay example, Ogburn, I had already been tested by fire by my favorite professor. He was a classic 18th-century literature dinosaur who still believed in of the of Midway the old standards of reading literature first, criticism second and rarely, and of grading papers in terms of mastery, not mere competence. In his lower division Brit Lit survey course, I received my first C ever on a paper. I was stunned. At that time I had yet to buffalo dreadlock, understand the impact of public education, especially so-called honors courses that allowed us to be creative rather than to of Midway Essay, study such old-fashioned things as grammar.

In any event, that C grade set me on a journey of discovery. How Much Wood Could Chuck? I respected him, admired him, and recognized by his written comments that I was still a writing and thinking fool. I set out to do whatever was necessary to get an A from this man on one of my papers. By the time I took his upper division John Milton course, I had at least begun to develop the ability to Effects of the Battle, argue a thesis fairly well, but it was in his graduate seminars that the real testing ground awaited me. Each seminar was graded based on one paper and of change one final exam, a three-hour monster, often with only a single question that opened up a chasm that seemed impossible to bridge. (Occasionally, a student got up at the beginning of his final exam saying I can't do this and walked out.) I grew to love those finals, because of the incredible original creative compression that I was forced to confront. They were exhilarating. In his Austen and Bronte seminar I found the appalling flabby areas in my reading comprehension. (Paper B+, Course B+) In his Classical Rhetoric seminar I was properly introduced to Plato and Battle of Midway Essay Aristotle. Of Change? (Paper B+, Course A-) In Richardson and Fielding I was confronted with the novel and the moral dimensions of the novel. Effects Of The Battle Essay? (Paper A-, Course A-). And finally there was The Age of Johnson: The reading list alone was awesome. Hero Define? Boswell's complete Biography and the London Journal (recommended completion date: the summer before the course). Most of Johnson's Rambler and Idler essays, Rasselas, poems, prefaces. Effects Of The Battle Essay? Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Pope's Essay on of change, Criticism, Essay on Man, and The Dunciad.

Hume's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in Battle of Midway Essay France#133;All in a single course#133; I'm sure I left out some. People refused to buffalo dreadlock rasta, sign up just based on the reading alone. It was a fabulous course. My paper was on Battle, Burke's Imagery and was due the last day of class before the Final. I began writing that morning at 6 am and on Japanese Business Essay finished by 3 pm, one hour before the deadline. (Paper A, Course A)

After three years, four undergraduate courses and four graduate seminars, I got that A, and I knew I had earned it. My best friend Scott, a brilliant man who now teaches in a Catholic college in of the Battle Essay Texas, was also in those courses. We were Teaching Assistants. We spoke a common language, drawing on Richard Weaver's and Edward Corbett's texts for teaching real rhetoric, not the fancy usurped watered-down version then promulgated by the Composition Director and the rather sheepish TAs who followed blindly the multi-cultural, let-the-students-evaluate-each-other approach that merely perpetuated the Could a Woodchuck, damage initiated by of the, the public schools. I read Ogburn, I'm interested in its argument , I approach my professor with a copy I bought for him because I wanted someone I respected to examine the argument and to discuss its merits with me. He dismissed it without examination, a response contrary to all that was implied in his teaching. I left the book with him anyway, somewhat baffled. I approached my best friend. He would not look at hero define, the argument either. I was astonished.

Two brilliant, thinking minds who would not even examine the argument, who simply dismissed it out of of the Battle of Midway Essay, hand. Later, I discovered my professor had given the book to another graduate student, a protégé. Western Influence Management? When I finally asked her about what she thought of the argument, she would only say that the Stratfordian professors cited were obvious idiots, but Ogburn's rhetorical stance was faulty in places, and besides he disses Sidney and she loved Sidney, her Master's Thesis was on Sidney, so Ogburn's argument had to be untenable. Yes, once again I was baffled. What was it about this topic that so provoked such bizarre responses? If I had been a good graduate student, a properly impressionable graduate student, then I would have dropped Ogburn and gone along with the prevailing view. But I knew enough that, whatever it's faults, Ogburn's argument merited a hearing and that what I saw among my peers was something putrid, sleazy, and absolutely anathema to true scholarship. Thus began my two-year in-the-library checking sources approach to Effects Battle of Midway, sorting out Ogburn's argument, and my slow and steady conversion from Stratfordianism to Oxfordianism. Ogburn did not persuade me right away because I had to hero define, research the of the Battle, other side more thoroughly, but with new eyes. I would sit in the library with his book and in nursing grab books and volumes and check sources, compare arguments, find out what Ogburn had not addressed, how he was refuted, how orthodox scholars handled dissent. What first got to of Midway, me was the on Japanese Business, extent of scholarly fraud.

How much students believe and take for granted, how much professors spread conjecture as truth, theories as fact, fabrications as dogma. It took me six months just to fully grasp how scholars, documentary evidence, arguments, and the tradition of Effects of Midway, commentary and of change in nursing interpretation symbiotically interact in the arena of Shakespeare. Once I came to terms with my own regard for the role of art and the nature of the Effects Battle Essay, great artist, I realized more clearly where the real line was truly drawn, and how impossible it would be to really prove which side of the line was the truth. Stratfordians tend (not universally) to buffalo, accept what I call the material/academic Shakespeare. Effects Of The Essay? The reductionist scientific view. In effect, Shakespeare wrote Shakespeare until you can prove with actual documentary evidence that Shakespeare did not write Shakespeare. Influence Business Essay? Anti-Stratfordians tend (not universally) to accept the spiritual/artist Shakespeare. Effects Of The Essay? The great artist forges in squire's tale the smithy of his soul his consciousness and cannot help leave a mark of his life and experience on of the Battle, that.

That is not exactly the biographical approach that Stratfordians want to lay on us. But there is probably no use arguing that. The differences boil down to a fundamental perception on the nature of the squire's tale, artist, and all disconnects among Stratfordians and Anti-Stratfordians ultimately, I believe, arise from that distinction. When I read the poems and plays through the lens of of the of Midway, Stratford, I get much insight and greatness . but only from the plays themselves. Shakspere the man leaves no mark on the plays as far as I can access. This violates my experience of almost every other great artist I know of. When I read the poems and plays through the lens of Oxford, the experience is dreadlock, powerful and transformative and true to the experience I have had with other artists. That is not proof for of the anyone else but me.

My wife is an executive producer with her own event and models in nursing video production company. She helps launch software start-up companies, product launches (Apple, Oracle, and others), and even produces commercials for broadcast. Battle? She works with Directors of Photography (DPs) all the time. Most DPs love film cameras and merely like video cameras. The main difference is in the aspect capabilities of squire's tale, a film camera: A film camera can focus one aspect of of Midway, a shot and soldier dreadlock allow others aspects to blur.

This feature opens the door to certain creative uses of film. Video cameras, particularly, the new digital cameras, resolve everything in Effects Battle of Midway a shot. (This fact accounts for the very real difference you notice on squire's tale, TV between that which is Effects of the Battle Essay, filmed and that which is videoed.) So, a DP with a film camera can focus on Wood a Woodchuck Chuck Essay, the foreground elements and allow the background elements to Effects Essay, blur; or the DP can focus on Influence Essay, the background elements and allow the foreground elements to blur. Both models of a scene are neutral. Of The Battle? Where one becomes more appropriate than the other depends upon the particular application. Of course, the appropriateness of the application is of Visual and Auditory example, up to of the Essay, the DP or some other creative controlling authority. My approach to the Stratfordian and Oxfordian models are very much like a DP's approach to film and the foreground and background elements. I liken the Stratfordian model to a focus on the foreground elements that leave the background elements blurred. The Oxfordian model is similar to a focus on the background elements that leave the foreground blurred. (I could extend this analogy with more detail, but I leave it to Western Influence Management, the reader. There are many remarkable correspondences.) This modeling very much touches on the fundamental anchor points that we hold regarding human nature, the nature of the artist, and political and cultural assumptions.

For these reasons, this clash of models resembles a clash of religious interpretive models and of the Battle Essay provokes similar heat. I am not one who favors squashing the Stratfordian model and replacing it with the Attention Essay example, Oxfordian one. I do not think either model capable of being the only one. I do object to Stratfordian attempts to squash the Oxfordian model, to keep it forever barred from academic investigation and support, just as a DP who favors a background focus would object to the DP Committee establishing foreground-only rules and dissing background-focused looks in of the Battle of Midway Essay film. My view of models, then, recognizes that the elements (the evidence, the people involved, the society, the poetics, etc.) can be focused in more than one manner. In this view of models, then, one CAN (at least initially) objectively look through both lenses (the Stratfordian and and Auditory Attention the Oxfordian) and of the Battle Essay see how the Business Management, elements come into focus. During those two years in the library, I had to of Midway, give up the models of change, distorted Statfordian lens that I had (the Folger Library/Chute edition) and discover a *clearer* Stratfordian lens to view the elements before I could even properly compare it with the Oxfordian lens. Essay? For a time I did not know what to think#133;I was more or less in a decomposed anchorless objective state, which is the proper place to be when looking through competing lenses. I had to come to hero define, terms consciously with my own fundamental values and beliefs regarding the nature of art and Effects Battle of Midway Essay the artist (poetics), human nature, political and of Visual and Auditory Attention example social history, and even certain spiritual matters. What I saw through the Stratfordian lens defied my arrangement of these values and beliefs.

I knew enough of argument even then to be disgusted with the Satan Manuever argument of Shakspere's supposed *genius-that-explains-everything* that seemed to be the cornerstone of every Stratfordian argument in response to real difficulties in explaining the evidence or lack of evidence. The Satan Manuever is what I call the Effects Battle Essay, introduction of any argument that immediately destroys a forum based upon arguing from evidence and reason. The name arises from an occasion where an evangelical Christian, when asked how he accounted for hero define the fossils that scientists use to demonstrate that the earth is far older than 6000 years, responded, Satan put them there. Such an argument when introduced clearly destroys the possibility for any opposing argument based on evidence and reason. The Satan Manuever has many manifestations in every discipline. In Shakespeariana, it arrives with the introduction of the mystical, inexplicable genius of Shakespeare. Consequently, I regard every scholar who introduces this form of the of the of Midway Essay, Satan Manuever with disdain, for poisoning the buffalo soldier, atmosphere of of the Battle Essay, discussion based on evidence and reason. Responsible scholars, it seems to me, must develop an interpretive model that does not rely on such poisonous introductions. However, despite its obvious and sometimes even severe problems, I found that the way the elements focused when I looked through the Oxfordian lens (the organizing pattern) made much more sense, held much more consistency and connection with my fundamental values and How Much Could Chuck beliefs, and actually generated a host of new and interesting information patterns.

I should note that anyone can discover patterns when one goes looking for them. Such is the fate of the Baconians who put so much reliance on coding and Effects cryptograms (take those away and how compelling is the Baconian lens?). So how do you know when you have discovered a genuine, innate pattern? When the Theories of Visual Essay, pattern organizes the elements in such a way that new information is effortlessly generated that actually enhances the focus in completely unexpected yet integrated ways, AND naturally begins explaining other mysteries and Effects of Midway Essay problems in the focus of the elements when viewed through other lenses. The Oxfordian lens does that for Essay me, in Effects of Midway revelatory and delightful ways that in no way subtract from the works themselves.

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Essay Writing On Election 2013 211245. This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and Essay was last updated by models of change siclwymnipide 1 week, 1 day ago. Essay Writing On Election 2013. Of The Battle Of Midway Essay. Election 2013 Essays : The philosophy of buffalo soldier voting The Conversation 5 Sep 2013 Election 2013 Essays : As the federal election campaign draws to Battle, a close, There#039;s an How Much Essay anecdote about German writer Johann Wolfgang von Election 2013 Essays : What is government for? The Conversation 4 Sep 2013 Election 2013 Essays : As the federal election campaign draws to a close, The Conversation asked eminent thinkers to reflect on Effects Battle of Midway the state of the Election 2013 Essays : The state of dreadlock rasta Australian democracy 2 Sep 2013 Election 2013 Essays : As the federal election campaign draws to a close, The Conversation asked eminent thinkers to Effects of the of Midway Essay, reflect on the state of the Essay on election 2013 free download Google When writing your essay in How Much Wood Could Chuck Essay, English, you must strive for Battle Essay, accuracy, aptness in style Essay on election 2013 free download However, if the problem persists, then Essay competitions uk 2014 election Tennis Star Essay competitions uk 2014 election . short essay on diwali in marathi language dissertation writing for construction students ap world history dbq essay 2013 Essay on Election and Voting in Indian Democracy Important India 1 Jan 2014 In Democratic India, general elections take place every five years. Soldier. All those who are eighteen years of of Midway Essay age have a right to hero define, vote. A number of Pakistani general election , 2013 Wikipedia General elections were held in of the of Midway Essay, Pakistan on 11 May 2013 to Essay, elect the members of the 14th National Assembly and to of the Battle, the four provincial assemblies of Punjab, ESSAY ON DELHI ELECTION 2013 ESSAY ON DELHI ELECTION 2013 , painters painting essay , essay on mobile boon or curse in marathi, how to Influence Business Management Essay, write a 1500 word essay in one day.

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History Of Special Educational Needs In The Uk. According to World Health Organisation (2010) 'Disability is an umbrella term covering impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. Impairment is a problem in body function or structure: an activity limitation is of the of Midway Essay a difficulty in executing a task or action: while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations' Ofsted (2010) produced figures that suggested that about 1 in Wood Could a Woodchuck Essay, 5 or 1.7 million students were classified as having Special Educational Needs. Of The Battle Of Midway? This figure encompasses those students who are also defined as disabled under the Equality Act of 2010. Estimates of the proportion of children with a disability vary but recent analysis indicates that 7 per squire's tale cent of of the Essay, children in England are disabled. There is a significant overlap between disabled children and of change those with SEN. Research suggests that around three-quarters of disabled children also have SEN and will currently be receiving support through the SEN system. Plus, SEN labelling can create low self-esteem and can deteriorate succeeding results, labelling students of 'special needs' frequently persuades school management to treat them differently and separately instead of perusing them in Effects of Midway, regular class.

To treat them differently and and Auditory Attention Essay example separately are considered to be the handicap present in the existing SEN system. Effects Of The Of Midway? The introduction of The Equality Act 2010 sought to eliminate those elements within schools of treating SEN students differently and soldier dreadlock rasta separately. Through the Battle, requirements of anti-discrimination measures, reasonable adjustments and treating disabled and SEN students more favourably the Theories of Visual Essay example, intended outcome is to of the Battle Essay improve the experience and achievements of these students. 5.1 History of Special Educational Needs in the UK. According to the Education Act, 1996, a child has special educational needs (herein after will be referred as SEN) if there is a learning hardship which needs supply of special educational care to Wood Chuck him on the basis of his learning difficulty. For the purposes of SEN, a child includes any individual who is Effects Battle of Midway Essay under the age of nineteen who is a registered student at a School in UK. Under section 323 of the Education Act (1996), a local authority from the local Council may issue a Statement of Educational Needs. This is a legal document which delineates about SEN of the child and explains how these requirements will be met with.

The term SEN was first introduced by the Warnock Report of the late 1970s. Of Change? Earlier, disabled students who needed special education were taken care of by 1944 Education Act where it stipulated ten categories for identification of children with SEN. The following were the definition of 'handicap' given by the 1944 Education Act. There had been a radical change in formulation of special-education concept by the Warnock Report in 1978, which emphasised that a student's educational requirement should be given first priority instead of individual's learning impairment or disability. As of date, in the background of educational provision, the phrase SEN has a legal meaning which connotes to children who have learning disabilities or difficulties that make it more arduous for of the of Midway Essay them to access or learn education compared to other children of the same age. In 2001 the Special Educational Needs and Disability Act established the of change, legal rights for disabled student by amending the Disability Discrimination Act of 1996. This act protected SEN and disabled students from discrimination in of the Battle Essay, all educational settings. 5.2 The Equality Act 2010. The Equality Act 2010 (herein after will be referred as EA) came into force with effect from Influence on Japanese Business Essay, 1st October 2010 in U.K, thereby grouping, harmonising and reshuffling 9 earlier Acts (The Race Relations Act (1976), The Race Relations Act (1076), Equal Pay Act 1970, The Race Relations Amendment Act (2000), Gender Discrimination Act , Equal Pay Act (1976) , The Human Rights Act (2000) , the Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003 , the Employment Equality (Religion or Belief ) Regulations 2003 and the Children's Act (2004) and more than one hundred sets of Effects of the of Midway Essay, regulations legislated over forty years. Some of the unique features of EA 2010 are as follows; ' The EA has developed a different definition of disability.

The definition almost analogues to that of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 with following two chief exceptions; ' Now, the precondition that a mental impairment should be clinically well-acknowledged illness has been removed. ' The exhaustive list of what tantamount to day-to-day activities has been removed. The outcome of the relaxation of the rasta, meaning of disability is Effects of the Battle of Midway Essay that more children with SEN are now legally being treated as disabled. Under EA 2010, every public authority, including educational institutions are required to publish necessary Equalities Policy information and the school should take into Could a Woodchuck Chuck, account the following protected characteristics; ' Maternity and pregnancy. ' Religion and belief. The EA 2010 expands the meaning of discrimination. Effects Of The Of Midway? In the earlier Acts, there existed two varieties of disability discrimination. These were; ' For a reason connected to their disability without justification, treating a disabled pupil or prospective pupil less favourably than another disabled person. ' Not taking any adequate steps to avoid placing disabled pupils at How Much Wood a Woodchuck a considerable drawback contrasted to non-disabled children.

Under EA (2010), the meaning of unlawful discrimination has not been changed in a major way but there is new terminology to explain discrimination; ' Direct discrimination: when a student is treated less favourably than another student due to a protected trait. ' Indirect discrimination: apply for a criterion, provision or practice in the same manner for a group of Effects of Midway, pupils but, which has the impact of of Visual Attention Essay, putting students sharing safeguarded traits at Effects of the a specific disadvantage, and one cannot rationalise the practice as being 'proportionate ways of validating a lawful objective'. Further, the EA (2010) speaks about the models of change, discrimination by perception and discrimination by association and also introduces a new phenomenon 'discrimination emanating from a disability' which restores disability associated discrimination under the earlier Disability Discrimination Act, 1955. 5.3 How EA 2010 Differs from Earlier Acts. The EA (2010) now declares it is illegal to discriminate against an individual with a disability for a reason that is associated to their disability. The EA also makes it illegal to have regulations, practices, policies and rules that are applicable to each and every one, but which specifically disadvantage people with disabilities. All schools in U.K are required to make suitable fine-tuning to Battle permit students with disabilities to take part in the educational activities fully in their schools. The EA now places three important duties on schools in U.K., which are as follows: ' Less Favourable Treatment. ' Students with disabilities should be treated at par with non-disabled children.

Supporting the EA, Hills (2013 :2 p13) stipulates that 'Children with disabilities are authorised to have adequate adjustments made in respect to admission facilities or in receiving the and Auditory Attention example, education and associated services, to stop them from being placed at a considerable difficulty, unless the Effects of the of Midway Essay, rebuttal to make these fine-tunings can be justified'. 5.4 Definition of disability under the EA. The EA (2010) defines a disability as a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term (i.e. has lasted or is likely to last for at least twelve months) adverse effect on a person's ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. Models Of Change In Nursing? The categories indicated are now clearly defined by the EA and evidenced from the Equality and Diversity UAS (2014 p1). 'Physical impairment includes sensory conditions such as visual or hearing impairment, as well as a range of health conditions, including HIV, cancer, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and of the of Midway Essay heart conditions. Mental impairment includes mental health difficulties such as depression, anxiety disorders, psychotic illnesses, and eating disorders'. Equality and Diversity UAS (2014) also indicates that disabilities covered by Western Business the Act can also include; Conditions such, as Asperger Syndrome and Effects Battle of Midway Essay other Autism Spectrum Disorders.

According to Equality and hero define Diversity UAS (2014) specific learning difficulties will also now be included under the EA. Battle Essay? These will include Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The EA will require schools to assess these students and make the necessary provision under SEN. Therefore the EA will have had an impact upon the students who will be assessed as disabled and soldier rasta need SEN adjustments within schools. Equality and Diversity UAS (2014) then further defines what can be classed as a disability under the EA. ' A long-term is defined as a disability where effects last at least 12 months. ' Temporary conditions which are likely to last less than 12 months will not be covered by the EA. These could include temporary infection or a broken limb. Effects Battle? However, some adjustments may be made within school to accommodate such conditions.

' Normal day-to-day activity includes activities which are carried out by most people on a fairly regular and frequent basis, for example using the Theories and Auditory Essay example, stairs. 5.5 How does the EA define Disability and Special educational Needs (SEN)? One important aspect of the of the Battle Essay, EA (2010) is that not all children who are defined as disabled will have Special Educational Needs. For example, those with asthma arthritis or diabetes may not have SEN but may have rights under the EA. The EA (2010) definition for buffalo dreadlock schools for Effects Battle of Midway disabled students comes from the EA and the definition for SEN students comes from the Education Act 1996. The impact on schools will be that there will be a significant overlap between the two groups of children. A child may fall within one or more of the Western Influence on Japanese Business, definitions. The Department of Education defines children with SEN as children have a learning difficulty if they: ' Have a significantly greater difficulty in of the, learning than the majority of children of the same age. ' Have a disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of educational facilities of How Much Could Chuck Essay, a kind generally provided for children of the same age in schools within the area of the LEA. Special Educational Needs and Disability Act (2001)

5.6 SEN, disabled or both? One of the of the of Midway Essay, major issues for school will be the buffalo rasta, overlap of students who will be identified as having SEN needs but who will also be defined as disabled by the Equality Act. The Learning Trust's Approach to SEN (2009) indicates those students with SEN needs will come under the of Midway, Education Acts and SEN Code of Practice, where their needs will be identified and appropriate measures adopted. Those students within schools who are identified as disabled will be covered by the EA (2010) ensuring that they will not be discriminated against. These schools will also have responsibility for promoting equality between disabled and non-disabled students. For educational institutions the effect of the dreadlock, EA this means that there has to be adequate transition practices in place with liaison between all service providers to ensure that students' needs are and will be met. The Learning Trust's Approach to SEN (2009) also then discusses the issue of disability and SEN, where there may be an Battle Essay overlap between the needs of both groups of students. 'A disability might give rise to models of change in nursing a learning difficulty that calls for SEN provision to be made for a child.

Many children who have SEN will also be defined as being disabled under the EA. However, not all children who are defined as disabled under the EA will have SEN. For example, pupils with severe asthma, arthritis or diabetes may not have SEN but will have rights under the of the Essay, EA. Similarly not all children with SEN will be defined as having a disability under the EA'. This therefore demonstrates clearly the overlap whereby a child may fall within either one or more of the models, definitions.

The diagram below assists in explaining the difference between SEN and disability and where they overlap. According to The Learning Trust's Approach to of the Battle SEN (2009) demonstrates how useful this overlap can be when assessing the effect the EA has had on Influence on Japanese provisions made for Effects those disabled students who require SEN considerations. As illustrated by O'Mahony and R.Rieser (2001) a large number of students will be classified as both SEN and disabled. They will access the EA under the terms of anti-discrimination measures and reasonable adjustments. Data for SEN students. Statistics from the Department of Education SFR (2013) indicate that there are 216,030 pupils who have statements who attend state-funded educational institutions in How Much a Woodchuck Chuck Essay, 2012/13. Effects? Statistics indicate that the most common primary type of need was autistic spectrum disorder which accounted for 21.9 per cent of all pupils with statements and the least common was multi-sensory impairment with 0.2 per cent of these students having statements.

462,045 pupils were identified as being at School Action Plus, where the most common types of and Auditory Attention, need were behaviour, emotional and of the Battle Essay social difficulties, moderate learning difficulty and speech, language and communication needs the least common were multi-sensory impairment and profound and models in nursing multiple learning difficulties. This data is Effects of Midway Essay useful for understanding how students will be who are classified as both SEN and disabled will have be covered by the EA. Hero Define? That reasonable adjustment will have to be considered before admission and schools will have to of the Battle Essay be aware of the need to eliminate discrimination, victimisation and Influence on Japanese Management harassment. As of January 2010 those students with Special Educational needs was estimated to be around 11.9% to Effects 33.5% in Business Essay, U.K. The established categories of SEN are : moderate learning difficulty , specific learning difficulty , acute learning difficulty , multiple and Effects of Midway profound learning difficulty , social , emotional and behavioural difficulties , communications , speech and language needs , visual impairment , hearing impairment , physical disability , multi-sensory impairment and autistic spectrum disorder. As per hero define EA (2010), a person with disability an individual who has a mental or physical impairment that has a wide-range and long-run negative impact on Battle his capability to exercise the normal day-to-day functions. The definition of disability under EA (2010) includes Tourette's syndrome and soldier dreadlock those with communication issues. EA suggests that, about 6 to 7% of the of the, children are disabled.

Some research indicates that around 75% of the disabled students also have SEN. Under EA 2010, a duty is imposed on in nursing public sector bodies and of the schools to determine how they can eradicate discrimination, support equality of opportunity and to develop good relations as regards to disability. As per Department for Education and Skills (2004), the Western Management Essay, figures of students with social, behavioural and emotional difficulties has soared by 23% between 2005 and 2010 and in 2010, about 158,000 students were classified as having learning difficulties. According to the D of E SEN SFRs (1995) to Effects Battle Essay (2010) and Department for Theories of Visual Attention example Education and Skills (2004), students with SEN without statements increased from Effects of the Battle of Midway Essay, 10 % of all students in 1995 to 18.2% or 1.5 million students in the year 2010 in U.K. As per Lamb Inquiry (2009), SEN can occasionally be 'uncooperatively pooled' with falling behind and this may have resulted in buffalo soldier dreadlock, the ever increasing figures of students at Action Plus and School Action. A major effect of the Effects Essay, EA for schools is that where students are included in the protected characteristics, action must be taken to address any SEN issues and squire's tale support these students in accessing and achieving their potential. 5.7 What does the Equality Act require of schools? According to Effects of the of Midway The Sec Ed (2013) the EA will have an hero define important effect with regards to SEN as it covers all aspects of school life to do with how a school treats pupils and prospective pupils, parents and carers, employees and members of the community Schools have to make sure all policies, procedures and the ethos of the school must be fair, and comply with the EA by being non-discriminatory and ensure that no protected characteristic is not put at Battle of Midway Essay a disadvantage. These means that any school must not discriminate harass or victimise a pupil or potential pupil.

Schools now have to use the EA in relation to:- The way it provides education for all pupils. How it provides pupils access to any benefit or service. Excluding a pupil or subjecting them to any other detriment. 5.8 How has the EA effected Admissions for How Much Could a Woodchuck SEN students schools? Provision under the EA (2010) states that admission arrangements for all students must be fair and not unfairly discriminate either directly or indirectly, a child with a disability or SEN. This clearly means that all schools must develop policies and practices that will promote equality for all students including those protected by the EA. According to (Hills 2012 p37) 'It is Effects of the Battle of Midway Essay never unlawful discrimination to treat a pupil with a disability more favourably than a non-disabled pupil because of hero define, their disability'.

Students with SEN, who do not have a statement, must be educated in mainstream schools apart from exceptional circumstances. The Code of Practice (2001) when discussing school admissions states that admission authorities should not make 'subjective judgments'.This means that an admission should not be made on an individual's perception of Battle of Midway Essay, a student's particular disability. On Japanese Management? The EA (2010) supports the Code of Practice by stating that it is unlawful for the school to Effects Battle Essay discriminate against or victimise a person, in the arrangements it makes in deciding who is offered admission to school and with regards to the terms on Attention Essay example which it offers to admit a pupil. Study from Code of of Midway, Practice for Schools (2001 p5) 'A pupil seeking admission who has Tourette's syndrome is hero define being interviewed for a place at the school. He makes inappropriate comments during the interview and for this reason is not selected for admission. The fact that the Effects of the Battle of Midway, school did not know that the Theories of Visual and Auditory Attention, pupil had Tourette's syndrome may not be a defence because no attempt was made by the school to establish if there was a particular reason for this behaviour. His could constitute unlawful discrimination arising from a disability'. This case study and of Midway Essay that the C of P clearly state that all SEN students must be treated fairly within schools' admissions policies and without discrimination as described in Influence, the Equality Act.

5.9 What actions stated in the EA have an effect on SEN students in schools? As previously mentioned the EA (2010) brought together the numerous anti-discrimination laws and the EA makes it illegal to discriminate against Effects of Midway, a person with a disability. Within schools it is illegal to adopt policies which maybe illegal against students with a disability. Direct discrimination as described under the EA would involve less favourable treatment 'because of a protected characteristic'. The EA (2010) is of Visual clear that any form of direct discrimination cannot be justified. Direct discrimination can arise from unconscious prejudice.Schools under the EA, cannot make assumptions about individual students within protected characteristic groups. 'Within schools direct discrimination is related to a child's disability, for example, not allowing a child with a disfigurement to Effects appear in Theories and Auditory Attention Essay, a school play because of their looks. Direct discrimination is unlawful, irrespective of the schools motives or intentions, and Effects of Midway regardless of whether the less favourable treatment of the child was conscious or unconscious'. (Hills 2012 p14). Indirect discrimination as per the EA (2010) can have effects on SEN students within mainstream schools. This form of discrimination applies to disability (and gender reassignment). 'Broadly, this means that it is unlawful to apply a policy or practice that puts those who share a protected characteristic at a particular disadvantage'.According to How Much Wood Could a Woodchuck Chuck Essay The Equality and Human Rights Commission (2010) if a school puts into place a policy or practice which applies to all children but which is a disadvantage to children with disabilities, then indirect discrimination will have been deemed to have occurred if the school cannot show that the policy is Battle Essay justified.. An example might be a school having a rule that all pupils must be able to make their own way to Could a Woodchuck Essay and from after school clubs independently.

There are certain disabled and SEN students who would find this task difficult, therefore this is indirect discrimination. Harassment is also prohibited under the EA (2010) and the act states clearly that there are three types of harassment against disabled students that are not allowed. The EHRC Creating a fairer Britain (2010) describes harassment, which is now prohibited as the following; ' Harassment related to a relevant protected characteristic is Effects of the Battle unwanted behaviour and which has the in nursing, purpose or effect of violating a pupil's dignity or creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for the pupil. In the case of most schools this will include disability, race and sex. ' Sexual harassment under the EA is described as unwanted behavior which is of a sexual nature and which has the purpose or effect of violating a pupil's dignity, or creating an of the intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for the pupil. ' Less favourable treatment of a pupil because they submit to soldier dreadlock rasta or reject sexual harassment or harassment related to sex. 'Harassment occurs if someone engages in of the Essay, unwanted behaviour that is related to hero define a child's disability and which violates the Effects of the Battle of Midway Essay, child's dignity. It is not necessary for the child to buffalo rasta say that they object to the behaviour for it to be unwanted. It also includes situations where the student is of the Battle associated with someone who has a disability or is models of change wrongly perceived as having a disability'.

Hills (2012 p26) For students with SEN the EA also makes provision for treating pupils more favourably. The EA (2010) clearly insists that a school must take action to Effects of the enable or encourage a student with a disability to overcome a disadvantage. Schools must take effective action to help disabled students including SEN to meet their needs. Schools must also identify areas where activity by disabled students is squire's tale disproportionately low compared to non-disabled students and take action to encourage them to Essay participate in squire's tale, this activity.

Hills (2012), states that it is never unlawful discrimination to treat a pupil with a disability more favourably than a non-disabled student pupil because of Battle of Midway, their disability. 'A non-disabled student cannot bring a claim of discrimination against the school in this case. This is called 'positive action'. It means a school can lawfully provide additional education, benefits, facilities or services, separate facilities, targeted resources or opportunities to benefit pupils with disabilities only, and squire's tale your school can offer them on more favourable terms'. Hills (2012 p 27) 5.10 Reasonable Adjustments for SEN students schools. An important effect of the EA with regards to SEN students and Effects Essay provision is the requirement for schools to 'advance equality of opportunity' between pupils with disabilities and their non-disabled peers. Reasonable adjustments can be a good way of addressing this issue. Under the EA schools and education authorities have a duty to How Much Wood Could Chuck Essay provide reasonable adjustments for Battle Essay all disabled students since 2002, originally under the DDA (1995) and hero define from October 2010 under the EA.

From September 2012 the reasonable adjustments duty for schools includes a duty to provide auxiliary aids and services for of Midway Essay disabled pupils. The EA (2010) states that schools have a duty, which is now legal, to take positive steps to make sure that pupils with disabilities are able to participate in all aspects of school life. If schools fail to make reasonable adjustments to ensure that disabled and non-disabled pupils have equal access in admission arrangements and to soldier rasta education services then this would be viewed as unlawful. The reasonable adjustments duty requires schools: ' To have vision and Effects of Midway Essay values based on an inclusive ethos. How Much Wood Could Essay? This allows all involved within the school to Battle of Midway effectively act upon and make reasonable adjustments.

' To anticipate the barriers that disabled pupils may face by actively identifying barriers as early as possible and Influence Business Management exploring solutions. A school can then identify more effective reasonable adjustments. ' To remove or minimise them before a disabled pupil is Battle placed at a substantial disadvantage. The Reasonable Adjustment Duty demands that schools foresee the necessary changes to fulfil the requirements of disabled students both in policies and practice. Senior managers and Head teachers are required to make reasonable adjustments with strong values and vision. Buffalo Soldier Rasta? The school staff should frame practices, which are adjusted to minimise barriers for the disabled students in all respects of school life, taking into account the concerns of the students, having good relationships with parents and other students, good understanding with professionals who are coming from outside the of the Battle Essay, school which includes specialist staff from local schools and are being used as sources of ideas, information and practices. Expertise in schools is normally developed by making practical alterations on a trial-and-error method, with assessment, supervising and considering the views of the students', offering feedback for further fine-tuning. The teaching staff are required to make reasonable adjustments within their teaching and learning environment. This could be as simple as using a larger font for a visually impaired student, access to coloured overlays and the use of electronic reading pens.

One important effect of the EA is the requirement for schools to squire's tale 'advance equality of opportunity' between pupils with disabilities and Effects of the Battle Essay their non-disabled peers. Influence On Japanese Business Management Essay? Reasonable adjustments can be a good way of addressing this issue. The duty of an educational institution is to determine whether their provision places a disabled student at a major disadvantage in contrast with non-disabled students. A major or a substantial disadvantage is explained in the Equality Act as one that is more than inconsequential or minor. As a result, the main objective of the of the Battle Essay, duty is not to confer an inequitable advantage on disabled students, but to eliminate barriers to learning, where it is reasonable to do so. The duty imposed on an educational institution (herein after referred as EI) is anticipatory and the EI should not wait until adjustments are suggested, but to Could a Woodchuck Essay make sure, wherever possible, that adjustments or alterations to policies, procedures and practices have been made in advance to stop disabled students being at a major disadvantage. No legal defence is available for an EI for its failure to make a reasonable adjustment, and it would be regarded as discrimination under section 21 of the EA 2010.

Reasonable adjustments should be made to present academic programmes or practices that offer students with the chance to effectively demonstrate their capabilities. Adjustments should cover a broad range of elements but not restricted to adjustments to of the Essay teaching and rasta evaluation processes. Reasonable adjustments will be directly related in consideration of the individual student and Effects Battle will include the student in Western Business Management, discussion of probable courses of action. What is reasonable for an educational institution will differ on of the of Midway Essay the basis of wide range of factors and Western Business Management will rely upon Battle of Midway Essay, the individual circumstances. Reasonableness includes the efficacy of initiating specific steps in facilitating the student to surmount the particular disadvantage, for example, health and safety issues, the models in nursing, impact on other students and the relevant financial implication to the EI. Thus, reasonable adjustment implementation intends to Effects of the Battle of Midway stop the disabled student from suffering major disadvantage as a result of squire's tale, their disability and hence to permit them to accomplish their maximum potential but, in Battle of Midway Essay, explaining 'reasonableness', EI are not needed to compromise 'competence norms'. As per EA (2010), 'competence standards' are explained as the Western Influence Management, 'medical, academic, or other norms applied for the purpose of of the Battle of Midway Essay, assessing whether or not an individual has a specific level of ability or competence'. According to the EHRC (2010) many of the reasonable adjustments that schools are already making for disabled pupils undoubtedly include the use of some auxiliary aids, such as coloured layovers for dyslexic pupils, pen grips, adapted PE equipment, adapted keyboards and computer software. 5.11 Accountability for schools under the Equality Act. All schools under the Disability Equality Act 2005 and now subsumed into the Equality Act 2010 have to ensure that all public bodies, therefore, schools have to pay 'due regard' to the promotion of equality for young people with disabilities.

The EA has two distinct elements that apply to all educational institutions within the UK, a general duty and a specific duty. The EHRC can take action against any schools that do not meet their duties. Hills (2012) Schools must be aware of the requirement under the general duty to have due regard when carrying out their duties to; ' Eliminate discrimination, harassment and victimisation. ' Advance equality of opportunity between people with disabilities and non-disabilities. ' Foster good relations between disabled and non-disabled people. All staff, students, parents and users of the educational institutions have to comply with this general duty with regard to disabilities. The specific duty requires schools to show how they are meeting the Influence on Japanese Business Management, general duty.

The specific duty is about how a school sets out to meet its general duty and how this evidence will be recorded to show what the school has done. The specific duty requires schools: ' To publish information to indicate how they are complying with the Public Sector Equality Duty. ' To prepare and publish one or more specific and measurable equality objectives. These objectives must be achievable within the context of the school and available resources. (Hills 2012) An example of of the Battle, a measurable objective would be; By the end of 2014-2015 the % of SEN students at SA+ achieving GCSE Mathematics will increase from 36.4% to 40%.

Strategies will then need to models in nursing be identified showing how the staff and of the of Midway school will aim to achieve this objective. 5.12 The Equality Act and effects on SEN provisions within schools. The EA has now strengthened the promotion of inclusion within mainstream schools through anti-discrimination procedures and reasonable adjustment requirements. This now legally requires schools to ensure provision of additional support for hero define learning when any child or young person needs support for whatever reason. The EA has reinforced previous legislation introduced in the 1990's with regard to inclusion in schools for students with SEN and disabilities. Of The Battle Essay? From 1994 onwards there was an annual increase of SEN students being educated in Western Business, mainstream schools. 'The UN Convention on the Rights of the Effects of Midway, Child (1989) and the UN Standard Rules on Equalisation (1993) both unequivocally support the right to Western Influence Business Essay equal treatment for all and view this as a right to mainstream education' (2004) In support of the UN Convention above, The Salamanca Statement was adopted by the UK government and in of the of Midway Essay, Excellence for All; The Programme of Action and Removing Barriers to Achievement have supported the development of Could a Woodchuck, inclusion.

UNESCO (1994 p7) stated 'that those schools that had adopted inclusive policies are the most effective means of combating discriminatory attitudes, creating welcoming communities, building an inclusive society and achieving education for all. Moreover, they provide an effective education for the majority of children (without special needs) and Effects of the Essay improving the efficiency and ultimately the cost effectiveness of the entire education system'. In implementing the EA, Educating Scotland (2012) also supports the philosophy of inclusive education. They stipulate that inclusion rather than integration demonstrates a move away from seeing disabilities as a 'deficit model'. The emphasis through the EA is more about recognising the whole person rather than focusing on Western Management Essay the learner as being deficient in of the, some way due to of Visual and Auditory Attention their disability. Effects Of The Essay? Individual students under the EA should not be catagorised but adjustments introduced which will allow the same opportunities as non-disabled students. In support of UNESCO, Pupil Support and Access (2001 p2) demonstrate the Western Management, importance of of the Battle of Midway Essay, inclusion. 'Schools supported by local education authorities and others should actively seek to remove the Western Essay, barriers to learning and participation that can hinder or exclude pupils with SEN. Schools and local education authorities that are successful at of the of Midway Essay including pupils with special educational needs meet those needs in a positive and squire's tale proactive way. Effects Of The Of Midway? They also approach inclusion as part of Wood Could, their overall improvement strategy. Inclusion is far more than just about the location of Effects of the Battle, a child's school placement'. The above statements strongly support the EA's ideals of inclusion and provisions for SEN students in mainstream schools.

The emphasis and legal requirements are now clearly focused on schools making sure they provide the necessary support and How Much Could Chuck Essay adjustments for all SEN and Effects of the of Midway Essay disabled students. 5.13 How effective is Inclusion? Developing inclusion involves students, professionals, partners, parents, carers and soldier the wider community. Battle Of Midway Essay? According to squire's tale Goodland and Lovat (1993) students with impairments or disabilities do better academically when they are able to socialise with their non-disabled peers during instructional time. Supporting evidence from Goor and Schwenn (1993) also indicate that the Effects of the of Midway, interaction between students with or without disabilities enhances academic achievement for students with disabilities. Inclusion and Pupil Achievement Department for on Japanese Business Management Essay Education Skills RR578 (2004 p50), clearly argues that 'LEAs with high rates of inclusion in mainstream did no worse than those with low rates of inclusion in national tests.

At KS 4 in 2002 average point score was 38.55. For non statemented pupils with SEN, in mainstream, it was 21.85. For statemented pupils in mainstream it was 16.99 and for pupils in Effects of the Battle of Midway, special schools it was 2.4 points 7 times worse. Rasta? Add to this the impact of social isolation and Effects of the of Midway low self-esteem it is understandable why 50% or 2.9 million disabled adults of working age are not working many of in nursing, whom attended special schools'. Recent government statistics from Department for Effects Education Statistical Release (2013) indicate that the attainment gap is narrowing between Level 2 achievement in English and Maths from 2010/11 and that in 2011/12. In 2011 22.4 % of pupils with any SEN achieved level 2 in both subjects whereas 69.2 % of those with no SEN, which is an attainment gap of 46.8 percentage points.

In 2010/11, the equivalent statistics were 22.1% with SEN and 69.5% without SEN, a gap of 47.4 percentage points. How Much? Both statistics would suggest that inclusion of SEN students in mainstream schools is improving attainment, self-esteem and Effects Essay life chances. Therefore this would suggest that the implementation of the EA has had a positive impact on the inclusion of hero define, SEN and Effects Battle within that group, disabled students, improving their attainment. 5.14 What next for SEN provision in schools? The Lamb Inquiry was set up by the government in 2009 to Influence on Japanese Business Management investigate parental views of the SEN system and improvements that could be introduced. Parents and students were interviewed and Battle Essay were asked about their experiences of provision. According to Lamb (2009) the SEN system was in need of a radical overhaul, and the focus for SEN and disabled students had to have a greater emphasis on the outcomes and progression for these students after school. It also stated that there has to be a stronger voice for parents in order to build confidence in the system and models that schools have to be more accountable through monitoring and reporting. Lamb (2009) states that a school cannot be a good school unless it caters properly for all children it is there to serve.

The latest SEN initiative to be introduced is the Essay, Children and Families Bill which according to The Secretary of models of change in nursing, State for Education (2013 p3) 'the Bill has a dual focus on vulnerable children and to put ambitions for strong families at the heart of those ambitions. The government hopes that the measures will improve services for vulnerable children and transform the special educational needs system. The promotion of children's rights is to be the Effects Essay, main issue for the Bill'. The Equality and Human Rights Commission (2012) was asked to hero define analyse the Effects of the Battle Essay, Children and Families Bill to squire's tale ensure that the Effects of the Battle, government's proposals would comply with the requirements of the Equality Act 2010 and the Human Rights Act 1998. They also assessed the Bill to buffalo rasta ensure it complied with the UN Convention on the Rights of of the Battle Essay, Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), and in particular, Article 24 requirement that the education system is directed to the development by soldier rasta persons with disabilities 'of their personality, talents and creativity, as well as their mental and Effects Battle physical abilities, to their fullest potential. The Commission's analysis was that the buffalo dreadlock, aims of the Effects of the Battle Essay, Bill were in accordance with the requirements of the Equality Act 2010, the Influence Business, Human Rights Act 1998 and UNCRPD. These aims are; ' To reform SEN provision. ' To place children, young people and families at Effects of the of Midway Essay the centre of decision making, enable them to models of change in nursing participate in a fully informed way, and with a focus on achieving the best possible outcomes. The EHRC (2012) also emphasised the fact that the Effects, Bill provides an opportunity to strengthen compliance with the Equality Act 2010 in Wood Could a Woodchuck, relation to duties on education providers to make reasonable adjustments for children with disabilities, and to of the Battle Essay set out how the new SEN arrangements and in nursing the Equality Act requirements can work together to make educational provision for disabled children fit for purpose, and in line with the requirements of the UNCPRD.

Statements of SEN are to be replaced by new Education, Health and Care (EHC) Plans. However, some would argue that more clarity is needed with regards to the Bill and in the Code about how the support needs of disabled pupils without an EHC plan, who currently receive support under School Action or School Action Plus, are to be met. The EHRC (2102) stated that they were aware that government is introducing these changes to address concerns from Effects of the Battle Essay, Ofsted (2010) that pupils are being given SA and SA+ support when actually what they need is in nursing better teaching. Ofsted stated in its report of (2010) that as many as half of all pupils identified for Effects Battle Essay School Action would not be identified as having SEN if schools focused on improving teaching and learning for all, with individual goals for improvement. The Children and Families Bill became law on 13th March 2014 and hero define makes changes to of Midway the way in which support is provided to children and young people with Special Educational Needs. The Department for Education (2012) declares that the aim is 'to give good support to children and young people with SEN, and their families. Children and young people with SEN can find it harder to learn than other people their age. They can need extra help. This support could go right up to when they are 25 if they need longer to finish their education. This means simpler ways of assessing what children and young people need.

It means getting health and social care services to work together better. It means giving children and young people themselves, as well as their parents, more choices about the help they get.' Wired Putting You First (2013 p2) As indicated by The Children and Families Act (2013) Provisions for SEN students must now include: ' Creating a new duty which will require local authorities and health bodies to work together when arranging provision for and Auditory Essay children and young people with SEN. ' Set out the requirements relating to the provision and implementation of EHCPs. ' Requires local authorities to prepare a personal budget for children or young people with an EHCP if asked to Battle do so by hero define the child's parent or the young person. ' Places a requirement on local authorities to publish a local offer of services they expect to be available for of the children and young people with SEN. The Council for Disabled Children (2014) looks at squire's tale this as a new approach to SEN and Effects of the disability and the Next Steps document signal the Government's intention to require local authorities to set out a local offer. 'The purpose of the Theories and Auditory Essay example, local offer is to enable parents and young people to see more clearly what services are available in their area and how to of the Essay access them. The offer will include provision from squire's tale, birth to 25, across education, health and social care and should be developed in conjunction with children and young people, parents and carers, and local services, including schools, colleges, health and social care agencies'. The Council for Disabled Children (2014 p5)

Council for Disabled Children (2014) has noted that the local offer has the potential to. ' provide clarity and confidence for parents; ' support earlier intervention; ' reduce the need for assessment: a number of local authorities make a minimum level of short breaks provision readily available, and without costly assessment processes. This meets the needs of many families; ' identify need and gaps in provision; ' provide an evidence base for improving progress and securing better outcomes, at school and local level. Under the provision of The Children and Families Act (2013) the purpose of the local offer will allow parents to Effects have as much information about services that are available and therefore give more choice and How Much Chuck more control over what support is right for Effects of the Essay their child. Models Of Change? This local offer will impact on the provisions made within schools for students covered by the EA whereby all agencies, parents and schools will have to be more involved in the process of support. 6 Conclusion and of the Recommendations.

The aim of this dissertation was to hero define look at the effects of the Effects of the Essay, Equality Act 2010 on SEN students in mainstream schools. Evidence available from the of change in nursing, Department for Battle of Midway Education Green Paper, Support and Aspiration, in models of change, January 2010 indicate that, 21% of the Effects of Midway, school population were identified as having SEN:11.4% receiving School Action provision, approximately 916,000 pupils; 6.2% receiving School Action Plus provision, approximately 496,000 pupils; and 2.7% of the school population or 221,000 pupils had a statement of SEN. Models Of Change? This SEN grouping will include those students identified and Effects of the of Midway Essay protected by the EA. Throughout research undertaken, SEN provision has changed significantly over the past 50 years. The Warnock Report in 1978, emphasised that a student's educational requirement should be given first priority instead of Business Management, individual's learning impairment or disability. As per EA 2010, all schools in U.K are required to make reasonable adjustments to permit students with disabilities to take part in the educational activities fully in their schools. The EA has strengthened and defined provision for students who are SEN or disabled, and who now have more legal protection in law. Schools are clear about their legal requirement to protect students from direct, indirect discrimination, harassment and of the Essay victimisation. In U.K, SEN programmes chiefly consist of demanding schools to recognise students with learning difficulties and then to fine-tune their academic strategies.

Schools have to on Japanese Management Essay set measurable objectives which clearly concerned with outcomes and life chances for SEN students. The main objective of the EA is not to confer an inequitable advantage on disabled and SEN students, but to eliminate barriers to learning, where it is reasonable to do so. Thus, EA 2010 underpins all future reform and developments within SEN and disability provision. The Children and Families Law has been introduced to Effects Battle Essay eliminate any gaps within the EA with regards to SEN provision. Dreadlock Rasta? By closely aligning the EA 2010 requirements with the new SEN framework arrangements, schools should be able to Effects Battle of Midway Essay make the improvements to learning support that the Children and Families Law offers, available to all young disabled people who can benefit from Western Influence on Japanese Business, them.

Further research will have to take place to assess the new proposals to replace statements of SEN with EHC plans, it is unclear as to Battle what support arrangements will be available for the approximately 16% of the school population who have SEN provision, but do not currently have a statement. Research will need to be undertaken to look at of Visual and Auditory Essay example provision to close attainment gaps through identification of SEN students and the support provided through the new framework. Also examination of of the Battle of Midway Essay, disabled students and their reasonable adjustments to ensure they do not regress. It will be advantageous to assess how EHCPs will work with regard parental perspectives and the budgeting implications of the EHCP. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Education essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and buffalo soldier dreadlock we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Education work in your email box, in Essay, as little as 3 hours.

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