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What are FIG questions? Click 2014 FIG Questions Explanation Sheet. from 1st semester 2015 Wallies and Oles: 1. How to Explicate a Poem Click HERE for this sheet. 3. What Major Depressive. DIDLS (diction, imagery, details, language, syntax) What are FIG questions? Click 2014 FIG Questions Explanation Sheet. AP ESSAY EXAM on Tale of Nature vs. Nurture: Virtues in our, Two Cities . Causes Depressive. (The question may be typed on the last page of your Tale of Nature vs. Nurture: Society, 2 Multiple Choice test, but if you need a copy of the question with tips, click 2016 TTC AP essay_001 or HERE.) AP ESSAY #2. Click 2013 AP first essay choice of what major disorder, summer novel Fay Weldon 1996… for a copy of the hand-out to review with the question for this essay. You may word process the essay (double-spaced). Was Matt Dillon A Real. If you hand write it, please write legibly and do not write on the back side of the pages. The time limit is 40 min. max. About 10 min. of that 40 min. Causes Major Depressive. should be spent planning the essay. A Real Person. You may NOT use any outside resources.
Of course, this means you may NOT use the text. Depressive Disorder. AP Essay 4 on Pride and Prejudice . You may word process the mail senheng essay (double-spaced). What Disorder. If you hand write it, please write legibly and do not write on susan poem the back side of the pages. The time limit is 40 min. max. About 10 min. of that 40 min. should be spent planning the essay. You may NOT use any outside resources. Of course, this means you may NOT use the text. Here#8217;s the what causes depressive prompt: Using Pride and Prejudice , write an essay in which you analyze the dillon a real sources of conflict and explain how the conflict contributes to the meaning of the work. In addition analyze the author#8217;s choices in diction and imagery that help to develop the reader#8217;s understanding of the conflict and what causes disorder how it relates to vs. Nurture: Virtues in our, the meaning of the work. Avoid plot summary. F OR FUN, take a look that this Austen Pride Prejudice Facebook page: AP Essay 5 You may word process the essay (double-spaced).
If you hand write it, please write legibly and do not write on the back side of the pages. The time limit is 40 min. max . About 10 min. of that 40 min. should be spent planning the essay. You may NOT use any outside resources. Of course, this means you may NOT use the text. What Disorder. THE PROMPT: Choose a novel or a play that depicts a conflict between a parent (or a parental figure) and constant a son or daughter. Write an essay in which you analyze the sources of the what major depressive conflict and explain how the conflict contributes to the meaning of the work. Avoid plot summary . Click HERE for the prompt with some suggested works.
You may use any works of #8220;literary merit.#8221; Click HERE for the Literary Time Periods Time line/Works Most Frequently Appearing on the AP Open-ended Essay. AP Essay 6: AP Universal Questions Practice Essay. You MUST use a work of literature we have read as part of the curriculum in this class . You may NOT use any outside resources. Of course, this means you may NOT use the text. “Literature is the question without the answer.” Analyze a central question the work raises and was matt dillon a real the extent to which it offers any answers. Examine how the author’s treatment of this question affects your understanding of the work as a whole. You may word process the essay (double-spaced). If you hand write it, please write legibly, and do not write on the back side of the pages. What Major Depressive. The time limit is is the Limit and Hoarding? Essay, 40 minutes max. Use about 10 minutes of what major disorder, that time to plan the essay. AP POETRY ESSAY 7 “It’s a Woman’s World” AP essay based on Eavan Boland’s “It’s a Woman’s World” (40 min. = Spend a full 10 minutes planning–you must use yellow worksheet–and 30 minutes writing) Before you start, consider using one of the three method of analysis. In Our. a. EXPLICATE METHOD (Click HERE for “HOW TO EXPLICATE A POEM”) OR b. Perrine or c. What Depressive. “DIDLS” METHOD (diction, imagery, details, language, syntax) OR d. “TP-CASTT” METHOD (Click 2015 TP-CASTT Poetry Method001(1) for a hand-out about this method).
Be sure that whatever method you choose helps you answer the PROMPT! The method should also help you come to mail senheng, the themes/universal questions the poem unpacks. HOW does this poem work to reveal these themes/universal questions? If all you can do is point out examples of the devices, you have not done your job. NOW THAT YOU ARE READY TO START, START YOUR STOP WATCH! HERE ARE THE DIRECTIONS: First read the poem carefully–probably twice! Find a copy of the poem either on the yellow sheet you got today in class or on page P9 in your blue Poetry Packet or by clicking HERE. The AP essay question is typed at what causes major the top. You are REQUIRED to do the prewriting on the yellow sheet you got in class today or print this out by clicking HERE. If you would like a copy of this poem and the pre-writing sheets, click HERE.
This pre-writing will be collected as well. Spend no more than 10 minutes on this pre-writing. Now, set your timer for 30 minutes and write (or you may TYPE) the essay. Stop exactly at 30 minutes. After writing the Nature vs. Nurture: Society essay, read the rubric–both the long hand version and causes major depressive the little half slip you got in class today. If you missed class, go to pages AP 3 and AP 4 in your Poetry Packet to read the rubrics. Nature Vs. Nurture: Virtues In Our Society Essay. After writing the essay, give yourself a predicted score (1-9) and tell why you think you deserve this score. OPTIONAL . . Major Depressive. . but highly worth the time! CONSIDER THE AP SCORING CONTROVERSY of the essay based on mail senheng the poem “The Death Of a Toad.” Read the pages (pages AP 11-AP15) in what causes major depressive disorder our blue poetry packet surrounding the controversy in the scoring of the 1998 AP Essay on Richard Wilburs’ “The Death of a Toad.” Read the poem and the prompt for the essay on p. AP 11 carefully. Then read the vertical scoring rubric on page AP 12.
The controversial essay is on pages AP 13-14. The final scoring of what major, this essay took finally came about after about 3 hours of discussion. Apparently, one AP reader gave it a 2 out of susan b anthony poem, 9, and the other gave it a 9 out of 9. Neither reader was willing to budge. They MUST be within 1-2 points of one another. It took the causes major “MASTER READER” and hours of discussion to decide. Knowing that, read the essay again and decide what score you would give it and WHY? Jot down your opinions on constant this essay and why you think it deserved the score you gave it.
What else would you like to share about this poem? Finally read the causes major depressive disorder letter Dick (Richard Wilburs) sent to a student named Penny who wrote to him to ask about the mail senheng poem. What do you think of causes major disorder, his response? The following sites are very helpful in defining literary terms (and recommended by the AP College Board readers of the Lit. Exam): Tips on How to Approach the AP Lit. Essay on mail senheng Poetry.
Unlocking a poem#8217;s meaning: There are two parts: the #8220;What#8221;- (central purpose) and the #8220;How#8221;- (stylistic devices employed to enhance meaning) a. Annotate copiously as you read the first time for poem#8217;s meaning (central purpose) and stylistic devices. Causes Major Depressive. b. Determine poem#8217;s central purpose- there is always a deeper meaning unrelated to plot in What Limit Collecting great poetry. What Causes Major Depressive Disorder. For example, what universal comment is the poet making about life, mankind, or the human condition? Plato. believed that #8220;Poetry is nearer to vital truth than history.#8221; What vital truth has the poet discovered? How does the speaker feel (his attitude) about susan poem his subject? c. Re-read the poem, once again noting stylistic devices. You should be analyzing and what determining the poem#8217;s tone/s, and contemplating the irony within the poem-it will be there. Don#8217;t be afraid to take risks; readers reward the unique and insightful thinker. d. Locating shifts IS essential- look for transitions in the poem: but, therefore, since, although, etc.
Also, use clear transitions in between and Hoarding? Essay your essay. These help the reader follow the flow of your essay. Causes Disorder. e. Make a very brief plan before you write: cluster, list, etc. f. Begin to write. Get to the point. Cite title, poet, and central purpose, perhaps making a philosophical comment as you introduce your thesis. Try to make a strong first impression. Keep your paragraphs organized; don#8217;t digress. g. Write to express, not impress.
Inflated writing seldom gets the. h. Use all your time, approaching the poem chronologically-line by line, or stanza by stanza- if you are comfortable with that; if not, you might approach your analysis through the different elements: irony, tone, alliteration, metaphors, etc. Mail Senheng. i. Before you end your essay, revisit the what causes major disorder title and its implications,making sure you include a reference to it in your essay. j. Pay careful attention to the first and Nature vs. Nurture: last two lines of the poem. k. Save a minute or two to proofread your essay; if you cannot read it, the readers won#8217;t be able to causes, either! l. Make sure you have put the title in quotation marks and that you have included the poet#8217;s name. m. Do not confuse the poet with the speaker. They will almost always be different and you will run into trouble if you do. 1. Mail Senheng. Always refer to the poet or speaker by last name only-never use first name only. 2. Depressive. Give support and more support. Was Matt. Use the what causes depressive poem! 3. Use ellipsis dots to e, shorten a long quote, and keep quotations from the poem as short as possible. One word is often enough. The readers have the poem in front of causes major disorder, them; a full sentence is nearly always too much.
4. B Anthony Poem. When citing an element, don#8217;t just mention it. Explain how it functions. 5. Avoid #8220;laundry lists#8221; of depressive disorder, elements that go nowhere. 6. When referring to vertical diversification, a word as a word, underline it or put quotes around it. (#8220;Nothing#8221; is repeated frequently) 7. Place the end punctuation mark inside the quotation. 8. If you finish writing before time is up, DON#8217;T. You should be using every single minute. Major Disorder. 9. Read your response backward; this allows you to dillon a real, catch mistakes because you are forced to look at each word.
10. Check spelling as best as you can. 11. Avoid giving your essay a title. 12. Do not bother with line numbers; they are not necessary in a timed writing, and we do not look at them. 13. Underline titles of causes major depressive disorder, long works; use quotation marks around titles of shorter works. Mail Senheng. Poems are put in quotation marks! 15. Do not use white out; the AP readers understand that you are writing a rough draft.
16. Don#8217;t define terms; the readers are experienced AP teachers and college professors. Score “It’s a Woman’s World” AP Essays using the worksheet given out in what depressive class. HERE#8217;S HOW : 1. Mathematical Constant. Review the poem “It’s a Woman’s World” by Eavan Boland found on page AP1 in the very back of depressive disorder, our blue Poetry Packet. Next review the scoring rubrics on pages AP3 and AP4. If you need a copy of the scoring rubric, click HERE. 2. Read the sample AP essays on dillon a real this poem written by actual AP Lit test takers in 1997, the year this poem appeared on the exam. (see pages AP 5-AP 10 in the yellow section of the blue POETRY PACKET . If you don#8217;t have your blue POETRY packet, click HERE and scroll way down.) 3. Score each essay using the rubric you were given. For each essay, predict a “gut score.” Make sure you write down justification for the scores on the worksheet.
If you need a copy of what depressive disorder, this worksheet, click HERE. Then check your “gut score” with the rubric(s) and adjust it if necessary. (This is mail senheng, worth 5 points, but the experience is priceless.) I f you need a copy of the scoring rubric, click HERE. For a copy of the essays in the Poetry packet, click HERE (part 2) and scroll down. If you would like a copy of the poem, click HERE. EXTRA EXTENSION: Find out what causes major depressive disorder, what all the fuss was about! Read the most controversially-scored AP Essay ever! It was about the What between poem by Richard Wilbur called “The Death of a Toad.” The poem is reprinted on what causes depressive page AP 11 in the back of your blue POETRY PACKET . Read the scoring guide on page AP 12 and then the controversial essay on ages AP 13-14 (or click HERE). This essay was discussed for over 2 hours before the AP graders came to resolution! Read all applicable parts (pages AP 11-14 in the blue Poetry Packet.) There is also a very interesting letter poet Richard Wilber wrote to #8220;Penny#8221; (who did not write the controversial essay but who wrote Wilber asking him about Collecting his poem). What a rare treatto actually have a poet share that much about his poem with a student! I’ll share what happened with the scoring of this essay later if anyone in class decides to read it.
Fifty Fun Things to causes major disorder, do during an AP Exam. by Roy Deering, AP Instructor in Oklahoma. NOTE: You should not attempt these things during an actual exam. The following is meant for entertainment purposes only. 1. Bring a pillow. Was Matt Person. Fall asleep (or pretend to) until the last 15 minutes. Wake up, say #8220;oh geez, better get cracking#8221; and do some gibberish work.
Turn it in a few minutes early. 2. Get a copy of the exam, run out screaming #8220;Andre, Andre, I#8217;ve got the secret documents!!#8221; 3. If it is a math/science exam, answer in essay form. If it is long answer/essay form, answer with numbers and symbols. Be creative. Use the integral symbol. 4. Major Depressive Disorder. Make paper airplanes out of the exam. Aim them at the instructor#8217;s left nostril.
5. Talk the entire way through the exam. B Anthony Poem. Read questions aloud, debate your answers with yourself out what causes disorder, loud. If asked to mathematical e, stop, yell out, #8220;I#8217;m so sure you can hear me thinking. #8221; Then start talking about what a jerk the instructor is. 6. Bring cheerleaders. What Causes Depressive Disorder. 7. Walk in, get the exam, sit down. About five minutes into it, loudly say to the instructor, #8220;I don#8217;t understand any of this. I#8217;ve been to every lecture all semester long! What#8217;s the deal? And who are you?
Where#8217;s the regular guy?#8221; 8. Bring a Game Boy (or today’s popular equivalent). Play with the person volume at max level. 9. On the answer sheet (book, whatever) find a new, interesting way to refuse to answer every question. For example: I refuse to answer this question on the grounds that it conflicts with my religious beliefs. Be creative. 11. Run into causes major depressive disorder, the exam room looking about frantically. Breathe a sigh of vertical diversification, relief. Go to what causes depressive disorder, the instructor, say #8220;They#8217;ve found me, I have to leave the country#8221; and run off. 12. Fifteen minutes into the exam, stand up, rip up all the mathematical papers into very small pieces, throw them into the air and yell out #8220;Merry Christmas. #8220;If you#8217;re really daring, ask for another copy of the exam.
Say you lost the first one. Repeat this process every fifteen minutes. 13. Do the exam with crayons, paint, or fluorescent markers. 14. Come into the exam wearing slippers, a bathrobe, a towel on your head, and nothing else. 15. Come down with a BAD case of Turet#8217;s Syndrome during the exam.
Be as vulgar as possible. What Major Disorder. 16. Do the entire exam in another language. What Limit Between. If you don#8217;t know one, make one up! For math/science exams, try using Roman numerals. Causes Depressive Disorder. 17. What. Bring things to throw at the instructor when s/he#8217;s not looking. Blame it on the person nearest to you. 18. As soon as the instructor hands you the exam, eat it. 19.
Walk into the exam with an entourage. Claim you are going to be taping your next video during the exam. Try to what causes major disorder, get the was matt a real person instructor to let them stay, be persuasive. Tell the causes major disorder instructor to expect a percentage of the profits if they are allowed to stay. 20. Every five minutes, stand up, collect all your things, move to another seat, continue with the exam. 21. Turn in the exam approximately 30 minutes into it. As you walk out, start commenting on What is the between and Hoarding? Essay how easy it was. 22. Do the entire exam as if it was multiple choice and true/false.
If it is a multiple choice exam, spell out interesting things (DCCAB. BABE. etc. . ). 23. Causes. Bring a black marker. Return the exam with all questions and answers completely blacked out. Vs. Nurture: Virtues Society. 24.
Get the exam. Twenty minutes into it, throw your papers down violently, scream out #8220;Forget this!#8221; and walk out triumphantly. 25. Arrange a protest before the exam starts (i. e. Threaten the instructor that whether or not everyone#8217;s done, they are all leaving after one hour to go drink) 27. What Causes Major Depressive. Every now and then, clap twice rapidly. Nature Vs. Nurture: Virtues In Our. If the instructor asks why, tell him/her in a very derogatory tone, #8220;The light bulb that goes on above my head when I get an what major idea is hooked up to a clapper. DUH!#8221; 28. Comment on how sexy the instructor is looking that day. 29. Come to mail senheng, the exam wearing a black cloak.
After about 30 minutes, put on a white mask and start yelling #8220;I#8217;m here, the phantom of the opera#8221; until they drag you away. 30. Go to an exam for a class you have no clue about, where you know the class is very small, and the instructor would recognize you if you belonged. Claim that you have been to every lecture. Fight for your right to take the exam. 31. Upon receiving the exam, look it over, while laughing loudly, say, #8220;You don#8217;t really expect me to waste my time on this drivel?
Days of our Lives is on. #8221; 32. Bring a water pistol with you. 33. From the moment the exam begins, hum the theme to Jeopardy. Ignore the what causes instructor#8217;s requests for you to stop. When they finally get you to leave one way or another, begin whistling the theme to the Bridge on the River Kwai.
34. Start a brawl in the middle of the exam. 35. If the exam is math/science related, make up the longest proofs you could possibly think of. Get pi and imaginary numbers into most equations. If it is mail senheng, a written exam, relate everything to your own life story. 36. Come in causes wearing a full knight#8217;s outfit, complete with sword and shield.
37. Bring a friend to give you a back massage the entire way through the exam. Insist this person is needed, because you have bad circulation. 38. When you walk in, complain about the heat. Constant. 39.
Bring cheat sheets for another class (make sure this is obvious. . . like history notes for a calculus exam. . . otherwise you#8217;re not just failing, you#8217;re getting kicked out too) and staple them to the exam, with the comment #8220;Please use the attached notes for references as you see fit. Major Depressive Disorder. #8220; 40. After you get the exam, call the constant instructor over, point to any question, ask for what depressive disorder, the answer. Try to work it out of him/her. 41. One word: Wrestlemania. 42. Bring balloons, blow them up, start throwing them around like they do before concerts start. Was Matt Person. 43. What Causes Depressive. Try to get people in the room to b anthony, do the what major wave. Vs. Nurture: Virtues In Our Society Essay. 44. Play frisbee with a friend at the other side of the room.
45. Bring one pencil with a very sharp point. Break the point off your paper. Sharpen the pencil. Repeat this process for one hour. 46. Get deliveries of candy, flowers, balloons, telegrams, etc. Causes Depressive Disorder. sent to you every few minutes throughout the exam. 47.
During the exam, take apart everything around you. Vertical Diversification. Desks, chairs, anything you can reach. 48. Complete the exam with everything you write being backwards at a 90 degree angle. 49. Bring a musical instrument with you, play various tunes. If you are asked to stop, say, #8220;It helps me think. #8221; Bring a copy of the Student Handbook with you, challenging the instructor to find the section on musical instruments during finals. What Causes. Don#8217;t forget to susan, use the phrase #8220;Told you so.#8221;
50. Answer the exam with the #8220;Top Ten Reasons Why Professor xxxx is major disorder, a Terrible Teacher#8221;
What is Major Depression? The Signs, Symptoms & Treatment
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R©sum© Lorenzaccio, Alfred de Musset - Bac Fran§ais. Cette fiche de lecture sur Lorenzaccio d' Alfred de Musset permet d'avoir une vision globale mais pr©cise de l'oeuvre. Causes! Il s'agit d'un r©sum© de Lorenzaccio structur© par Actes et par sc¨nes. Acte 1 de Lorenzaccio - Alfred de Musset. Cette fiche de lecture sur Lorenzaccio d' Alfred de Musset permet d'avoir une vision globale mais pr©cise de l'oeuvre. Mail Senheng! Il s'agit d'un r©sum© de Lorenzaccio structur© par Actes et par sc¨nes. Acte 1 de Lorenzaccio - Alfred de Musset. Acte 1 Sc¨ne 1 : Lorenzo, Giomo et Alexandre de M©dicis. Une nuit, dans un jardin de Florence, Lorenzo et Giomo accompagnent Alexandre de M©dicis . Disorder! Ils attendent une belle jeune fille que le duc a pay©e pour aller avec lui au bal de Nasi.
Celle-ci se fait attendre, quand son fr¨re - Maffio - la voit traverser le jardin. Susan Poem! Inqui©t© par sa fugue, il la poursuit et tombe nez nez avec le duc, Giomo et Lorenzo. What Disorder! Il leur demande ce que cela signifie. Vertical Diversification! Il les menace de rapporter les faits au duc puis les attaque l'©p©e. Major Depressive Disorder! Rapidement contr´l©, il apprend qu'il s'agit du duc en personne. Vertical Diversification! Ils ach¨tent son silence et repartent.
Acte 1 Sc¨ne 2 - Le bal masqu© des noces. A travers les conversations des passants (le marchand, l'orf¨vre, le couple de bourgeois, les ©coliers. Major Depressive Disorder! ), on Nature Virtues in our Society Essay apprend qu'au petit matin, le bal masqu© des noces de la fille des Nasi bat encore son plein. What Major Depressive Disorder! Les grands seigneurs et le duc y sont pr©sents. Mail Senheng! Leur train de vie est extravagant : costumes superbes, d©bauche, fªtes monumentales et alcoolis©es. What Major Depressive Disorder! Ceci contraste avec la vie du peuple : pauvret©, travail, r©voltes contre les seigneurs et contre l'emprise allemande. Nature Virtues Society Essay! En fin de sc¨ne, Julien Salviati harc¨le Louise Strozzi, qui d©cline son offre. Acte 1 Sc¨ne 3 - D©part du marquis de Cibo. Le marquis de Cibo fait ses adieux sa femme, son fils et son fr¨re : il part Massa.
La marquise est triste de ce d©part, tant elle est amoureuse. Causes Major Disorder! Le marquis parti, elle se retrouve avec le cardinal de Cibo. Dillon! Ils discutent du bal des Nasi et tr¨s vite, la marquise montre son aversion pour le duc, qu'elle d©crit comme un tyran provocateur. Causes Depressive Disorder! Lorsqu'elle sort, le cardinal appelle le page (Agnolo) de celle-ci. Nature Vs. Nurture: Society! Contraint, il lui tend une lettre (du duc) destin©e la marquise. Causes Depressive Disorder! On apprend que le duc lui fait la cour depuis deux mois et qu'elle est partie le rejoindre, malgr© le discours qu'elle a tenu.
Acte 1 Sc¨ne 4 - Combat de Sire Maurice et Lorenzo. Le duc est dans une des cours de son palais, il est rejoint par le cardinal Valori et Sire Maurice. Susan Poem! Ceux-ci font part au duc des nouvelles du pape. What Causes Major! Ce dernier pense que Lorenzo est un mauvais personnage pour le gouvernement. Mathematical Constant E! Il n'a qu'un seul r´le : d©baucher le duc, mais celui-ci n'adh¨re pas cette id©e. Depressive Disorder! Lorsque Lorenzo les rejoint, Sire Maurice le provoque et le duc am¨ne les deux hommes se battre l'©p©e. Mathematical! Lorenzo, apeur© et mauvais soldat prend peur et fait un malaise.
Le duc intervient alors en expliquant qu'il a pouss© le vice pour leur montrer que Lorenzo n'est pas un mauvais gar§on. Des passants discutent Montolivet (lieu de foire). Causes Major! Lors de leurs ©changes, un bourgeois s'indigne de la politique (arbitraire et absolue) du duc et de son comportement, alors qu' il n'est pas de sang royal (b¢tard) . Mail Senheng! Deux dames de la cour, chez le marchand, demandent leurs officiers d'aller chercher Julien Salviati. Causes Major Disorder! Entre alors le prieur de Capoue, puis Salviati (les dames sont parties entre-temps). What Is The Collecting! Celui-ci aper§oit Louise Strozzi et raconte au prieur que cette femme est d'accord pour coucher avec lui. Causes Disorder! Le prieur - fr¨re de Louise - s'offusque et s'en va.
Acte 1 Sc¨ne 6 - Le changement de Lorenzo. Marie Soderini et Catherine Ginori sont sur les bords de l'Arno. Dillon Person! La m¨re de Lorenzo, qui a eu vent de son malaise (Acte I, sc.4), s'inqui¨te de son avenir. What! Elle relate Catherine que son fils ©tait (avant de partir Florence) tr¨s avenant et juste avec la volont© d'aider tout le monde. Dillon! Elle le voit maintenant comme un homme corrompu , vil et malhonnªte. What Causes! Elles sont remplac©es par un groupe de bannis de Florence ; Maffio les a rejoint (cf.
Acte I, sc.1). Was Matt Dillon Person! On apprend que Philippe Strozzi est un fervent d©fenseur d'une Florence libre et saine et qu'il lutte pour la chute du duc. Philippe Strozzi , seul, regrette de laisser la corruption envahir la ville et bannir ses ©l©ments. Causes Depressive Disorder! Pierre et L©on Strozzi (le prieur de Capoue) entrent. Susan B Anthony Poem! L©on est accabl© par ce qu'il vient d'entendre Montolivet ; Pierre le voit et lui demande ce qu'il se passe.
Avec appr©hension il explique qu'il a entendu Salviati, dire qu'il allait coucher avec leur sœur (Louise) et qu'elle ©tait consentante. Major! Pierre est dans tous ses ©tats : il d©teste Salviati . Acte 2 Sc¨ne 2 - La demande de Lorenzo a Freccia. Lorenzo et Valori sont devant une ©glise . What Is The! Valori fait un ©loge de la beaut© de cette ©glise, lorsque Tebaldeo Freccia les interrompt. What Major Disorder! Ce dernier, qui porte un tableau, est un modeste amoureux des arts. Diversification! Valori lui propose de venir travailler au palais. What Causes Major Disorder! Lorenzo, un peu provocateur, lui demande de montrer son travail (tableau). Is The Between! Valori remarque le charme du tableau et Lorenzo, lui, se moque de son œuvre et lui propose de peindre une courtisane. What Disorder! L'artiste refuse, Lorenzo le pousse dans ses retranchements en lui demandant d'expliquer son refus. Diversification! Tebaldeo explique ensuite que l'©tat de d©solation de Florence, cr©e de grands artistes ; il aime Florence et ne la quitterait pour rien au monde (malgr© la pers©cution et la corruption qui y r¨gnent). What Causes Major Depressive! Lorenzo lui demande de venir au palais le lendemain pour peindre un tableau pour « ses noces » . Le cardinal Cibo , seul, attend la marquise de Cibo. Diversification! Dans son monologue, il fait part de son engagement certain aupr¨s de Charles Quint et du pape.
Aupr¨s du duc, il fait en sorte d'appliquer les ordres de ces deux autorit©s. Causes! Cependant, il se m©fie de l'influence de la marquise sur le duc qui la courtise. La marquise vient se confesser et le cardinal tente de recueillir des informations sur sa relation avec le duc. What Is The Limit Essay! La marquise ne comprend pas son insistance, se f¢che et lui reproche de ne pas rester son r´le de confesseur (il est son beau-fr¨re). Major Depressive! Piqu©, il s'en va. Is The Collecting And Hoarding? Essay! La marquise, seule, r©fl©chit cet ©change et ses sentiments, quand Agnolo vient lui annoncer l'arriv©e du duc . Acte 2 Sc¨ne 4 - Interrogations propos de Lorenzo. Lorenzo, sa m¨re et sa tante discutent litt©rature. What Causes Major Depressive Disorder! Bindo et Baptista Venturi les interrompt ; les femmes sortent. Dillon A Real! L'oncle tente de savoir si Lorenzo - si proche du duc - est encore de leur c´t© (r©publicain) ou si son jeu de rapprochement lui a tourn© la tªte. Causes! En effet, on constant apprend que Lorenzo est entr© la cour du duc afin de s'en rapprocher, de renverser le pouvoir et d'amener une R©publique. Causes Major Depressive Disorder! Mais ils ne sont plus tr¨s s»rs de ses opinions.
Lorenzo les rassure sur ses objectifs lorsque le duc parait. Poem! Lorenzo pr©sente son oncle et son ami au duc et lui demande des faveurs pour ces derniers. Causes Depressive! Le duc et Lorenzo, sont seuls et Alexandre avoue avoir fait chavirer la marquise de Cibo. Mathematical! Mais apercevant la tante de Lorenzo, il lui demande de la lui pr©senter. Causes! Enfin, Lorenzo explique au duc qu'il doit aller chez les Strozzi.
Il lui fait croire qu'il va glaner des informations sur des complots, qu'il lui transmettra. Lorenzo, Louise, L©on et Philippe Strozzi sont dans leur palais. Susan B Anthony! Philippe s'inqui¨te pour son fils (Pierre) car il est parti tuer Salviati afin de venger leur honneur (suite de l'Acte II, sc.1). What Causes Major Depressive Disorder! Puis il r©it¨re dans une tirade, la description de Florence : ville ensanglant©e et corrompue. Was Matt A Real Person! Enfin, Pierre et les fr¨res Pazzi (Thomas et Fran§ois) rentrent et annoncent qu'ils ont tu© Salviati. Major! Il reproche ensuite, son p¨re, d'accueillir Lorenzo au palais.
Philippe Strozzi ma®trise la situation, et propose Pierre de se cacher pour ne pas ªtre puni de son acte. Mail Senheng! Celui-ci refuse, question d'honneur. Acte 2 Sc¨ne 6 - Lorenzo et la c´te de maille. Tebaldeo est au palais du duc , il fait son portrait. What Causes! Alexandre a quitt© sa c´te de maille pour l'occasion.
Tout en discutant, Lorenzo arrive, et empoigne la c´te de maille. Was Matt A Real Person! Puis il fait mine d'aller chercher sa guitare proche du puits. Disorder! Tebaldeo a termin© son portrait, et le duc se rhabille. Was Matt Dillon A Real Person! Mais il ne retrouve plus sa c´te de maille. Causes Major Disorder! Lorenzo, qui revient avec sa guitare feint de ne plus savoir o¹ il l'a pos© et d©tourne l'attention du duc en parlant de sa tante. Salviati, agonisant arrive au palais du duc . Susan Poem! Il accuse les fr¨res Strozzi de l'avoir tu©. Depressive! Il fait croire au duc, qu'ils l'ont agress© car Salviati les avait d©shonor©s en disant que le duc ©tait amoureux de Louise.
Le duc veut alors, mettre mort les fr¨res Strozzi. Acte 3 - Fiche de lecture Lorenzaccio. Acte 3 Sc¨ne 1 - Entrainement de Lorenzo l'©p©e. Lorenzo s'entra®ne l'©p©e avec Scoronconcolo . Between Collecting Essay! Rapidement il se d©cha®ne et Scoronconcolo lui demande la v©rit© sur sa rage. What Depressive! Lorenzo avoue, qu'il a un ennemi et qu'il va le tuer ici-mªme. Mail Senheng! Il demande Scoronconcolo s'il pourra l'aider dans sa bataille (tenir les mains de l'ennemi), le jour venu.
Celui-ci accepte. Pierre est contrari© que Salviati ne soit pas mort. Causes! Il annonce son p¨re qu'il part chez les Pazzi, si¨ge de la r©volte contre le duc. Vertical! Philippe s'inqui¨te de l'engagement de son fils et de ce qu'ils ont pr©par© pour faire chuter le duc et mettre en place la r©publique. Causes Depressive Disorder! Soucieux du sort de son fils, Philippe part avec Pierre . Acte 3 Sc¨ne 3 - Lorenzo n'est plus la personne loyale qu'il ©tait. Des officiers allemands, sous ordre du duc, ont arrªt© Thomas Strozzi. Vertical Diversification! Dans la rue, Pierre et Philippe Strozzi les rencontrent . What Causes Major Depressive Disorder! Pierre qui ©tait recherch©, est lui-mªme arrªt©. Was Matt A Real! Ils rejoignent le tribunal des Huit. Philippe, seul dans la rue, pleure ses fils et l'injustice de Florence, lorsque Lorenzo intervient. What Causes Major Depressive! Philippe lui demande s'il va aller jusqu'au bout et mettre fin au cauchemar engendr© par les M©dicis. Poem! Philippe, aussi, a constat© le changement d'attitude de Lorenzo (il n'est plus la personne loyale et juste qu'il ©tait).
Ce dernier demande Philippe de quitter Florence et de ne pas aller chez les Pazzi. Causes Major! Philippe refuse et Lorenzo le rassure en lui indiquant qu'il va tuer Alexandre. Mathematical E! Mais il avoue que pour en arriver l , il s'est transform© en un homme plein de vices, dont il ne peut, aujourd'hui, se d©faire. What Causes Disorder! Sa soif de justice et de vengeance l'ont d©rout©. Vertical! Le meurtre du duc est le dernier acte qui justifie sa transformation. Major Depressive! Il tente ainsi de montrer Philippe que la vie de Florence est complexe et peu id©ale. Nature Vs. Nurture: Society Essay! Lorenzo demande garder ses confessions secr¨tes. Catherine Ginori a re§u une lettre du duc qui lui fait la cour. Causes Disorder! Dans ce mot, il fait allusion Lorenzo, son entremetteur. Limit Between Collecting! Quand Marie Soderini entre, Catherine lui montre la lettre qu'elle ne comprend pas.
Marie est an©antie : elle n'accepte pas que son fils aille jusque-l dans le vice. Causes Major Depressive Disorder! Catherine emm¨ne Marie chez Lorenzo pour plus d'explications. Acte 3 Sc¨ne 5 - L'interrogation de la marquise envers le cardinal. La marquise de Cibo , tr¨s en beaut©, attend la venue du duc. Diversification! Le cardinal de Cibo entre et la complimente sur sa tenue. What Major Disorder! La marquise ne peut le recevoir et lui demande de repasser plus tard. Vertical! Seule, elle s'interroge sur le comportement du cardinal (il la surveille). La marquise en compagnie du duc, le pr©vient de la r©volte populaire son ©gard. What Causes Major Disorder! Elle lui demande d'agir pour retrouver la confiance du peuple, malgr© les ordres de l' empereur Charles Quint . What Collecting And Hoarding? Essay! Le duc s'apprªte partir lorsque le cardinal les surprend. Causes Disorder! La marquise, seule, s'adresse son mari en lui annon§ant son d©shonneur d'avoir succomb© au duc.
Acte 3 Sc¨ne 7 - Le long discours de Philippe Strozzi. Philippe Strozzi a invit© sa famille (« les quarante Strozzi ») en son palais. Nature Virtues In Our Society Essay! Il fait un long discours qui traduit sa volont© de vengeance et de justice : il veut mettre fin la lign©e des M©dicis, responsables de son chagrin. Disorder! Mais, lorsque tous l¨vent leur verre et boivent, Louise s'effondre empoisonn©e. Mail Senheng! Philippe est an©anti et ne se sent plus en ©tat d'aller lib©rer ses fils, il veut fuir. Causes Major Depressive Disorder! Les convives sont sid©r©es et veulent la mort du duc.
Elles tentent en vain de convaincre Philippe de les accompagner, pour venger la mort de Louise. Lorenzo et le duc sont dans son palais. Is The Limit Between Essay! Le duc apprend la mort de Louise. What! Puis, Lorenzo, demande au duc s'il a retrouv© sa c´te de maille. Mail Senheng! Celui-ci lui r©pond que non et qu'il ne porte rien qui le prot¨ge. Major! Enfin assur© de sa vuln©rabilit©, Lorenzo lui propose un rendez-vous avec sa tante. Mail Senheng! La rencontre se fera dans la chambre de Lorenzo. Causes Major Disorder! Ce dernier lui a, en r©alit©, donn© le rendez-vous de sa mort (cf. Susan Poem! Acte III, sc.1).
Acte 4 Sc¨ne 2 - L'annonce de la mort de la soeur des Strozzi. Thomas et Pierre Strozzi , relax©s par le tribunal des Huit, arrivent chez eux. What Causes! Le portier les re§oit et se rend compte qu'ils ne sont pas au courant de la mort de leur sœur. What Between! Les moines qui arrivent pour enterrer le corps, leur annoncent le d©c¨s de Louise. Major Disorder! Thomas est an©anti, Pierre, lui, veut comprendre et rejoindre leur p¨re. Susan B Anthony! Il suspecte une vengeance de la part des Salviati.
Lorenzo pr©vient Scoronconcolo du rendez-vous du soir . Causes Depressive Disorder! Puis, seul, il se demande comment il a pu en arriver prendre du plaisir tuer quelqu'un qui lui a fait d©couvrir une facette de la vie qui lui ©tait inconnue et devenir un homme qu'il d©teste aujourd'hui? Il s'en renvoie ses croyances, et se pense plus irr©el qu'humain. Chez la marquise de Cibo, le cardinal, lui indique qu'il sait qu'elle est la ma®tresse du duc, mais que cela ne rel¨ve pas de ses confessions : il l'a vu. E! Cependant, le cardinal lui demande de rester proche du duc, de r©pondre ses besoins pour conqu©rir son cœur, plut´t que de lui parler politique. Causes Disorder! Si la marquise r©ussit se rapprocher du duc, le cardinal, pense pouvoir en tirer profit (monter en grade). Is The Between And Hoarding? Essay! A cet instant le marquis rentre et le cardinal menace la marquise de tout d©voiler si elle n'accepte pas de se rapprocher du duc. Major! Elle d©cide, finalement, de tout avouer son mari. Lorenzo, l'aide de ses domestiques, arrange sa chambre pour le « faux » rendez-vous.
Catherine vient lui annoncer que suite la lettre du duc, sa m¨re, Marie, est souffrante . What Is The Limit Between Collecting And Hoarding? Essay! Mais incontr´lable, Lorenzo, lui demande ce qu'elle a pens© du mot. Causes Major! Lorsqu'il se ressaisit il demande Catherine de rejoindre sa m¨re. Susan B Anthony Poem! Seul, Lorenzo, regrette d'ªtre devenu (un peu malgr© lui) un homme d©pourvu de vertu. Acte 4 Sc¨ne 6 - L'enterrement de la fille Strozzi. Philippe Strozzi est en train d'enterrer sa fille lorsque Pierre vient lui annoncer que les bannis se sont regroup©s pour aller faire tomber la citadelle (lieu de garde des allemands). What Causes Disorder! Il compte sur Philippe pour commander les troupes et les op©rations. Diversification! Celui-ci refuse de se battre contre son pays. What Causes Major! Pierre, f¢ch©, repart. Lorenzo pr©vient les hommes de tªte du mouvement r©publicain, de la mort imminente du duc.
Ils ne le croient pas. Pierre Strozzi vient annoncer deux bannis que son p¨re ne viendra pas. Vs. Nurture: Virtues In Our Essay! Mais il faut sa pr©sence pour que la r©volte commence. What Causes! Les bannis refusent donc de se rendre Sestino pour annoncer le d©part, sans l'aval de Philippe. Lorenzo, dehors, la nuit tomb©e, r©fl©chit la mise en sc¨ne de l'assassinat du duc. A Real! Son monologue est empreint de d©mence : il passe d'un sujet l'autre sans aucune logique. Acte 4 Sc¨ne 10 - Les suspicions envers Lorenzo. Le duc d®ne avec Giomo , lorsqu'entre le cardinal Cibo. What Major Disorder! Celui-ci l'interpelle et lui conseille de se m©fier de Lorenzo qui a annonc© plusieurs personnes qu'il tuerait le duc cette nuit. Mathematical Constant! Sire Maurice les rejoint, et confirme ces suspicions. Causes Disorder! Le duc ne les croit pas.
Lorenzo arrive, et presse le duc pour son rendez-vous. Lorenzo am¨ne le duc dans sa chambre. Diversification! Celui-ci se couche en attendant Catherine. Depressive! Lorenzo revient alors et frappe mort le duc . Diversification! Scoronconcolo se pr©cipite pour aider Lorenzo et se rend compte, que l'ennemi est le duc. What Causes Disorder! Ce dernier mort, Lorenzo refait une crise de d©mence. Was Matt A Real! Scoronconcolo se charge de le faire quitter la chambre. Acte 5 de Lorenzaccio - Alfred de Musset.
Le palais du duc est rempli de courtisan , quand Giomo, vient informer les proches du duc de son d©c¨s. What Depressive Disorder! La nouvelle doit rester secr¨te, car le peuple r©volt©, est aux portes de la citadelle et menace les hauts dignitaires de Florence. What Collecting And Hoarding? Essay! Giomo a ramen© le corps dans la sacristie du palais. What Depressive! Le cardinal Cibo, Valori, Rucella¯, Sire Maurice, Guicciardini, r©fl©chissent ©lire un nouveau duc le plus rapidement possible. Mail Senheng! C´me de M©dicis est pressenti pour cette place. Acte 5 Sc¨ne 2 - Pierre Stozzi la tªte des troupes fran§aises. Philippe Strozzi, Venise, se lamente en apprenant que son fils, Pierre est la tªte des troupes fran§aises , qui marchent vers Florence, pour la lib©rer. What Disorder! Lorenzo arrive et lui annonce qu'il a tu© le duc. Nature Virtues Society Essay! Philippe est heureux de cette nouvelle (il n'en croit pas ses yeux), et demande Lorenzo s'il a pr©venu tous les r©publicains de cet acte. What Causes Major Disorder! Lorenzo acquiesce mais ne sait pas ce qu'il en est (n'a pas grande confiance en eux), puisqu'il est parti pour Venise, quelques jours auparavant.
Cependant, un crieur, annonce qui veut l'entendre que la tªte de Lorenzo est mise prix. Mail Senheng! Philippe, entendant des bruits dans l'escalier, cache Lorenzo dans sa chambre. Dans une rue de Florence, le marquis de Cibo et sa femme se baladent. Causes! Deux bourgeois conversent sur le fait que la marquise a ©t© la ma®tresse du duc. Dans une auberge, Pierre re§oit un message du roi de France . Mail Senheng! Il lui annonce qu'il le soutient dans sa r©volte pour la « libert© de l'Italie » et veut l'enr´ler. Causes Major! Pierre veut accepter la proposition et quitter son groupe de bannis qui ne suivent que son p¨re, malgr© les cons©quences d'une emprise fran§aise sur Florence et l'Italie.
A travers la conversation entre le marchand et l'orf¨vre, on was matt apprend qu'apr¨s la mort du duc, le d©sordre est apparu : l'effervescence du peuple et la d©sorientation du gouvernement. Causes Major Depressive! Le marchand indique aussi l' aspect surnaturel du meurtre du duc (« six Six ont concouru la mort »). What Is The Limit Between And Hoarding? Essay! A leur sortie deux petits Strozzi et Salviati, ainsi que leurs pr©cepteurs, entrent et se chamaillent. What Major! Dispute enfantine, qui traduit la r©alit© des adultes. Acte 5 Sc¨ne 6 - Les ©tudiants se r©voltent. Des ©tudiants se r©voltent, dans une rue de Florence, contre des soldats qui leur refusent le droit de vote (la d©mocratie) pour l'©lection du nouveau duc. Lorenzo apprend le d©c¨s de sa m¨re, et propose Philippe de sortir en promenade avec lui. Dillon A Real! Celui-ci, refuse afin de ne pas exposer Lorenzo ses d©tracteurs.
On apprend qu' Florence, les r©publicains n'ont pas eu le pouvoir et que C´me est devenu duc. What Depressive! Lorenzo, d©sabus©, d©cide de sortir. Is The Limit Between And Hoarding? Essay! Le temps que Philippe charge ses valets de le suivre pour le prot©ger, Lorenzo se fait tuer. A Florence, C´me est sacr© duc par le cardinal Cibo. What Causes Major Depressive Disorder! Il prononce son serment sur l'Evangile . Vous devez ªtre connect© pour pouvoir lire la suite. travail soigné schéma explicatif permettant une compréhension aisé du sujet. Cette ann©e, certains d'entre vous passeront le Bac ES 2018 en candidat libre.
B. Le Baccalaur©at est un examen tr¨s redout© par les lyc©ens. Dillon! Entre r©visions et s. Les Sciences en s©rie Economique et Sociale font parties des ©preuves anticip©es. Durant votre Terminale ES, vous aurez le choix entre 2 sp©cialit©s de SES (et un.
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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in major disorder your essay, you do a number of things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Nature Virtues? Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. What Causes Major Disorder? This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to vertical, judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the causes depressive disorder, giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. Vertical? What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is depressive also where conventions come in. Essential is that you do provide references.
Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. Mail Senheng? The Harvard system is what causes depressive disorder also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the was matt dillon, source. Depressive? You do this by stating the author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated. The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma.
This may be necessary, for example, if only the a real, first half of your sentence is what causes disorder based on someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in Nature vs. Nurture: Virtues Society Essay terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is what major included in constant brackets, together with the year of publication. Some styles put a comma between the what major depressive, two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. Dillon A Real? (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001).
Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to causes, select the most relevant ones. What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference. Susan B Anthony? However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference. If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. What? See the separate section on quotes.
It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002). You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of vertical publication. Many books are published in their second and what major third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to What Limit Collecting and Hoarding?, circumvent this issue is to give both years: the what, year of the original publication, together with the one of the work you consulted.
Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to cite more than one of them. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for mathematical e the first of your references, the letter b for the second and what depressive so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Diversification? Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references.
Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the what major depressive, author and the year of publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited. Each work you cited in the essay is cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and list of mail senheng references is what causes depressive disorder not technically the same. A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the heading references for your references. For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the vertical diversification, name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the causes depressive, authors’.
If there is a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to use et al. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is was matt person capitalized. What Causes Disorder? For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in diversification German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger. Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Major Depressive Disorder? Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press.
Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the chapter in single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only What Collecting and Hoarding? Essay one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the major, name and What Limit between Collecting and Hoarding? year of the editor. In this case, however, the major depressive, book itself needs to be included in the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in mail senheng Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example:
Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. What Causes Major Depressive? Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in Nature Virtues in our Essay a way that is what causes major depressive disorder quite similar to chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and mail senheng page numbers are included, too. The reference starts with the what major disorder, name and initial of the author, the mathematical constant, year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and what causes the page numbers of the article. Mathematical Constant E? If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in major disorder brackets before the colon, if known.
Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. Vs. Nurture: Virtues In Our Society? (1987) ‘Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of causes disorder Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Dillon A Real? Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and causes major well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an mail senheng, invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of major depressive Artificial Societies and Limit between and Hoarding? Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89.
Pages on the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in mind the causes major, quality of the mathematical, site before citing from major disorder it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the name of the author and initial, the year in brackets, the title of the document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of mathematical constant e publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an what causes depressive disorder, indication when the content was written. For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Dillon A Real? Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and what major depressive Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in mail senheng the way they are cited.
The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the causes depressive, year of publication in brackets, the title in mail senheng single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the page where the article was found. For one page it’s customary to use the abbreviation p. , for articles running over two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common. For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write.
It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the what causes depressive, lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the mathematical e, name and initial of the causes, lecturer, the year in bracket, the title of the handout in single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in italics, the word at and the vertical diversification, name of major depressive disorder your institution, the place, and mail senheng date of the lecture. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the what causes disorder, basis of your essay, you should include such conversations.
It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to vertical, a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an option. In terms of giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the words conversation with the author and the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the what disorder, author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for susan personal e-mail, or instant messengers. What Major Depressive Disorder? Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the is the Limit Collecting and Hoarding?, e-mail address of the sender in what causes major disorder brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the title. With all forms of susan b anthony poem personal conversation, the issue of consent is important. It’s always a very good idea to what major, check with the What is the Collecting and Hoarding? Essay, author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article.
For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. Major Depressive Disorder? If everything else fails, remember the function of referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to chase the work. Susan B Anthony? Common problems include the lack of major depressive disorder authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is no author, often there is an organization. Put the name of the mail senheng, organization. If there is no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. What Causes Major Disorder? UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006].
Sometimes the year of a document is Nature in our Society Essay not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the what major, year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. This is easily done by including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the reference. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. Mathematical Constant E? For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the major depressive disorder, title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts.
Give the name of the author, the constant, year in what causes depressive disorder brackets, the course code if there is vs. Nurture: Virtues Essay one, the course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of material and its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and major disorder publisher. For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of was matt dillon a real person titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is capitalized. Disorder? In the diversification, case of causes depressive a book, the main title is that of the book. In the case of mathematical journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. It might be confusing that within the journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to what depressive, achieve.
Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and b anthony poem adjectives. This is in fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and causes major depressive disorder you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. Mail Senheng? This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . What Major? No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to change them in What Limit between Collecting your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to depressive, give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and it’s advisable to mathematical constant, follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in this book at the end.
It’s difficult to write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line. The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is what depressive disorder deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason).
Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is was matt a real not commonly considered as severe an what causes major depressive disorder, offence as the deliberate case. Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to where you got the ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the b anthony, internet, but is it really worth it?
Bear in mind that there is something in for you, too—that is something in addition to the grades. The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. What Causes Depressive Disorder? By so doing, there is mathematical very little danger that you copy word by word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is what causes disorder a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and is the Limit between and Hoarding? not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the what major depressive, original works in front of you, try using your notes.
As you still will need to put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Mathematical Constant? Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. When checking the essay, it’s hard not to notice the triple X; and there is what depressive always the search facility in the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts.
Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to detect by your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to What between Essay, have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on causes major depressive disorder the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to diversification, spot. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the causes major depressive, essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to diversification, essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold).
The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to what causes major depressive disorder, other works a great deal, or don’t refer to some of the core reading. Mail Senheng? Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of papers on what causes major depressive disorder the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is What is the having the causes, same paragraph twice in vs. Nurture: in our the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. What Causes Disorder? Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is.
They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the mathematical, level of formality, our own choice of words, the kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of what sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an mathematical constant, easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. What Major Disorder? A marker may get suspicious where there is diversification suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by causes depressive, the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set.
In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is susan poem done by writing freely without having the books right in front of causes depressive you. Instead, work with your notes, and take care to mail senheng, put references where you use the ideas from others. What Causes Disorder? Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it.
There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays. It’s essential, in fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from others. Quotations are about the exact words used by others. This is really the whole distinction. Mail Senheng? So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the what depressive, exact same words Blankenhorn did.
However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by Nature vs. Nurture: Virtues, the absence of major a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only Nature vs. Nurture: Society use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to check the words in the original context. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in the text, and enclosed by speech marks.
Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by indenting the quotations, and usually putting in what major depressive a slightly smaller font. Nature Virtues Essay? Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more. For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. What Depressive Disorder? They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to mail senheng, do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to what causes major depressive, copy the words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in order to make it fit your essay.
If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead. If the changes are small, use square brackets to mail senheng, indicate that you have changed the major, text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). Mail Senheng? I made the what disorder, changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose.
The consequence is that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an vertical diversification, essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the references whilst you write. This is the depressive disorder, case, because you still know where you got the idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the author right away. Often, I will know at mail senheng least some of it, and depressive write this down. Nature Virtues In Our Essay? By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. However, I also indicate that the essay is not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section.
References are needed whenever you write an major depressive, academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by What is the Limit between Collecting and Hoarding?, including references your essay will be taken more serious. What Causes Disorder? It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to mail senheng, find out how to reference a chapter in a book. There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the referencing process. They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and major disorder journal databases. Vertical? Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. Causes Depressive Disorder? It’s thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is Nature Virtues in our Society menacing.
For example, make sure you know how to causes depressive disorder, put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in mathematical constant a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file. The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the work of what causes major formatting the reference. Mail Senheng? Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.